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Spain and bullfighting
 

Spain and bullfighting

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The truth about Spain and Bullfighting. Most of Spaniards do not want Bullfighting. Find out why. The effect's on the bull's body. Polls and other information. ...

The truth about Spain and Bullfighting. Most of Spaniards do not want Bullfighting. Find out why. The effect's on the bull's body. Polls and other information.
This presentation has been delivered to you by the Platform La Tortura No Es Cultura an NGO which works for the awareness of the cruelty of bullfighting and its banning accross the countries where it still takes place. Please help us continue our work by making a donation at: Bank LA CAIXA, Madrid, Spain
ASOC PLATAFORMA ESTRATEGIA
Acc. Number: 2100 5526 59 21 00122581
(IBAN: ES67 2100 5526 5921 0012 2581)

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  • Bullfighting: The most 'indefensible type of animal abuse.'
    Bullfighting is not a 'fight' at all, but a systematic 'torture-killing' that pits a gang of armed thugs wielding 'razor-sharp' barbed spikes, spears, swords and daggers (these weapons are designed to 'inflict intense pain and cause blood loss' to weaken the animal) against a lone, terrified; confused; 'fatally' disabled and wounded animal.

    It's a “sickening” economic industry based on HORRIFYING victimization; sadistic abuse; extreme cruelty and “mutilation and torture” of bulls (and horses) during the cruel exhibitions of “bullfights” (which are “blood” fiestas).

    Handlers weaken the bull for days before the bullfight. They put laxatives in his food and heavy sandbags on his back. They file his horns down to the tender quick; they blind and drug him; they stuff his ears so that he cannot hear; they stuff his nostrils so that he cannot breath. In the ring, they drive 'razor-sharp' lances into his back and neck muscles so he can’t lift his head. By the time the matador appears, the bull is weak from blood loss and dizzy from being chased in circles.

    The horses used in bullfights are old and drugged. Wet newspaper is stuffed in their ears and their vocal cords are cut so the audience will not hear their cries. They wear long blankets to hide their entrails, which spill out when they are 'gored and disemboweled.'

    It’s no fun to see an innocent, crazed animal 'tortured' before a screaming crowd of people, who should be hanging their heads in shame. Even if you leave after 15 to 20 minutes, the damage has been done – your money has gone to support this hellish business, which 'decent people are working to end.'

    The continuation of bullfighting depends on government subsidies and the 'tourist industry.' Don’t be an accomplice to this savagery by supporting it with your 'tourist dollars.'

    Please help these suffering animals – STAY AWAY FROM BULLFIGHTS and speak out against them.

    Michel Michaeljohn; California; United States.
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    Spain and bullfighting Spain and bullfighting Presentation Transcript

    • Spain and BullfightingMadrid, February 23rd, 2011
    • La Plataforma LTNECOur platform gathers the main animal-rights associations in Spain Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Index Brief history of bullfighting Do bulls suffer during corridas? Spaniards and bullfighting today Turism and bullfighting. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • BRIEF HISTORY OF BULLFIGHTING Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • BRIEF HISTORY OF BULLFIGHTING Pictures from Crete, dating from about 2000 BC show male and female acrobats confronting a bull, grabbing its horns as it charges, and vaulting over its back. Around the 700‟s it is known of Moors killing bulls from horses in the Peninsula. History recalls that the first real bullfight as such, or ”Corrida”, took place inn 1133 at Vera, Logroño in honour of the coronation of King Alfonso VIII at the times of the Reconquista. By 1726 first bullfighting hero :Francisco Romero from Ronda, who introduced the Modern Corrida Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • BRIEF HISTORY OF BULLFIGHTING: BANS King Philip II however found the spectacle disgusting and enlisted the help of Pope Pius V who issued a papal bull titled De Salute Gregis in November 1567 which forbade fighting of bulls and any other beasts as the voluntary risk to life endangered the soul of the combatants, but it was abolished eight years later by his successor, Pope Gregory XIII. Bullfighting is now banned in many countries; people taking part in such activity would be liable for terms of imprisonment for animal cruelty: Argentina, Canada, Cuba, Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. Bullfighting was introduced in Uruguay in 1776 by Spain and abolished by Uruguayan law in February 1912. Bullfighting was also introduced in Argentina by Spain but after Argentinas independence the event drastically diminished in popularity and was abolished in 1899 under law 2786. Bullfighting also saw a presence in Cuba during its colonial period but was quickly abolished after its independence in 1901. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • BRIEF HISTORY OF BULLFIGHTING: BANS During the 18th and 19th centuries bullfighting in Spain was banned at several occasions (for instance by Philip V) but always reinstituted later by other governments. In 1991, the Canary Islands became the first Spanish Autonomous Community to ban bullfighting, when they legislated to ban bullfights and other spectacles that involve cruelty to animals. On 18 December 2009, the parliament of Catalonia, one of Spains seventeen Autonomous Communities, approved by majority the preparation of a law to ban bullfighting in Catalonia, as a response to a popular initiative against bullfighting that gathered more than 180,000 signatures. On December 17, 2010 Ecuadors president Rafael Correa announced that in a upcoming referendum, the country will be asked whether to ban bullfighting. In Spain, 82 cities have symbolically declared themselves “antibullfighting”, a declaration of an ethics and policy statement adopted by the municipalities in which they do not support and are against the practice of bullfighting and in aid of the principles of the animal rights Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • DO BULLS SUFFER DURINGCORRIDAS?STUDY MADE BY PHD VETERINARIAN JOSÉ ENRIQUE ZALDÍVAR FROM AVAT ASSOCIATION.(IT CONTAINS HARD IMAGES FROM REAL CORRIDAS.TO SKIP CLICK HERE OR GO TO SLIDE 46) Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TYPES OF BULLFIGHTING or LIDIA Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Becerradas (Calf- fight) by apprentices:animals over 1 year and less than 2 years old. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Amateur (Aficionado)Becerradas (Calf- fight): animals over 1year and under 2 years old Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Novilladas (Steer-fight) with banderillas (picks): Bulls around 3 years old Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Rejoneo. Bulls from 4 to 5 years old Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Big arena Bullfighting: Bulls from 4-5 years-old. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • The Lidia Before coming out in the ring, the bull has been kept in a small space in darkness. Once the door of the small room where he was kept has been opened, he will be drawn trough a narrow corridor towards the “puerta de chiqueros” (a door that communicates with the ring/arena. A few moments before allowing him to enter to the ring, a short sword with the colors of livestock to which it belongs will be driven in his neck. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • The “Tercios(Thirds)” or parts of the Lidia:De varas. (rods/wands)De banderillas. (Arpoons with flags)De muerte. (Death) Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE VARAS THIRD OF WANDS Puya: a steel blade, 9 cm long, 6.0 cm and 3 cm steel stringed pyramidal, sharpened at each of its edges as the blade of a scalpel. The top is supposed to prevent trespassing the flesh of the bull more than the 9 cm, but often paths/trajectories were measured over 30 cm with an average of 17 cm in the autopsies of bulls struggled. Each barb is open 7 different paths. This is possible because of “accidental” down pressure made by the picador with his 30 kilo stirrup on the puya into the bull‟s flesh. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE VARAS 70% of the rods are placed behind the andirons. Anatomical damage: rupture of muscles (+ of 20 without considering rib and intercostal damage), tendons, ligaments, nerves, arteries, veins, ribs and cartilage extensions and apophyges spiny dorsal vertebrae. Bleeding in the spinal channel, and blood loss estimated between 8 and 18% (a bull of 550 kilos will lose between 8 and 18 liters of blood by the action of the puya) The purpose of the puyas is to injure muscles, tendons, and ligaments of the neck so that the bull can not lift his head and make him lose strength from the pain, the injuries caused and the loss of blood. These also serve to measure the bravery of the bull as he can face the horse or instead run away from it. One of the great harm caused by the puya frequently, is injury of the brachial plexus, the nerve that is responsible for the innervations of the forelimbs, and of the nerves that project parallel to the spinal cord. The puyas driven in the sides and the chest can injure the shoulder and its cartilage. They can penetrate the thorax wounding the lungs and the pleura resulting in pneumothorax. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE VARAS The “picador” (stinger) makes “illegal”*moves to punish and further weaken the bull:*Illegal according to bullfighting regulation, but commonly ignored Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE VARAS Metesaca (insert, remove, insert, remove ...) and corkscrew or drilling (using the lance as though uncorking a bottle of wine). Moreover, contrary to regulations, which says it the bull should be allowed to come out of the horse, the picador often prevents this moving the horse to the right, and wrapping the bull, which is known as to the “carioca”. A running shock (at about 30 km per hour) of an animal that weights 500 kilos towards a stationary object about 800 kilos heavy (which is what weights the horse, its protections, the picador and its defensas). Bullfighting media say that the clash of the bull against the horse, is equivalent to the fall from a height of 2 meters of a bag of 45 kilos above the bulls neck. In 23% of cases, the step of the chopper, a 30 kilos iron frame, will cause serious eye injury to the bull, and, according to the taxidermist of the Plaza de Las Ventas, in 60% of cases, fractures and fissures of the skull. We have seen in many recordings that the picador heads his step bracket to the bulls head when the bull is going to hit the horse. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE VARAS Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE VARAS Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE BANDERILLASTHIRD OF ARPOONS WITH FLAGS The banderillas (small flags) are wooden sticks with decorations, bearing in its tip a sharp and stabbing steel harpoon, 4.5 cm in length. At least 4 of these will be placed, at most 8 (in case that the bullfighter also acts as a banderillero), and the average is 6. The banderillas ar digged into the animals dorsal area and will damage muscles, blood vessels, tendons, ligaments and nerves, increasing the bleeding caused by the puya. If placed incorrectly, as sometimes happens, on the side of the thorax, it may result in pneumothorax. The aim is that as a result of pain, the bull gets angry and he enters to the “muleta” of the bullfighter, that is, charges against the red cape he shakes before the bull. As normally a bovine would not charge against a human being. If the bull did not receive the “appropriate punishment”* with the horse and the arpoons, the president of the lidia may ask "black flags" to be placed, whose harpoon is larger than those used normally. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA*Real words in the bullfighting regulation.
    • TERCIO DE BANDERILLAS Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • In bullfighting, not only bulls are victims, butonly them and the horses have not chosento be there and would escape if they were notenclosed in a ring and forced to fight for theirlives.In any case, it is a horrible spectacle no oneshould be proud of. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTETHIRD OF DEATH In Bullfighting is called “Suerte suprema” (supreme destiny). It consists in introducing into the hole of needles, between the 4 th and 6 th dorsal vertebras, a sword of 80 cm in length in order to sever the great vessels of the thoracic cavity, the caudal vena cava and posterior aorta artery to produce a large hemorrhage. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTE Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTE The truth is that according to postmortem studies performed in bulls fought, only 20% of them achieve that objective. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTE In the 80% remaining cases something very different will happen, something that will cause more agony to the animal. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTE Cut in the bull‟s right large lung lobe, with slow bleeding in the chest cavity which will be causing choking and suffocation to the animal. The bull will be swallowing his own blood, and little threads of it that will come out from his mouth and nose will be visible. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTE The “estoque” (rapier/sword) pierces the diaphragm (breathing muscle), penetrating the liver or the stomach. The injury to the diaphragm will result in paralysis of the phrenic nerve, vital for inspiration and expiration, which will cause severe shortness of breath, and hiccups in the animal, which will collapse taking a few steps back and bleeding from the mouth and nose. This sword, in its way, whether it gets in completely or partially in the chest cavity of the animal, will cut everything along its way, it will cause profuse bleeding, and will lead the animal to a slow death by suffocation. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTE Entrance of the sword in the lungs, which causes that bleeding caused will move from the lungs to the bronchi, then to the trachea, and then out through the mouth and nose. The agonizing situation of the animal in these circumstances is clear. The animal vomits blood. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTE After the sword thrust, and after a pause to see if the animal falls doubling the forelimbs or not, the “descabello” takes place, using a similar sword, but one provided of a stop at 10 cm from the tip. This sword is inserted between the first and second cervical vertebra seeking the goal of severing the spinal cord. It is seldom achieved at the first try, or at the second or at the third ... I have seen novilleros trying to perform the “descabello” in steers for up to 10 consecutive times, and some bullfighters do not lag behind. Once the spinal cord has been sectioned, disconnection of all the motor apparatus of the bull will take place, thus preventing him to be able to stand up again. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTE The Lidia will end with the “puntilla” lace, the blade a 10 cm long knife is introduced into the space occipito atlantoideo, which will injure the medulla oblongata, a neural structure which connects the bulb to the brain. The medulla has the function to transmit nerve impulses from the spinal cord to the brain, and regulates the movements of inhalation and exhalation breathing and the heartbeat Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • TERCIO DE MUERTE This injury, therefore, will cause cardiac arrest in the bull, not immediate, but slow, especially if the application of the lace has not been done correctly. We can say that this sometimes happens, as it has been certificated by one of the mulilleros of the Plaza de Las Ventas, when he said: "Some bulls arrive to the “desolladero” (rendering place) badly “apuntillados” to the rendering plant, and thank goodness they can not stand up.” In these cases, if the bull is cut off one or both ears as a prize to a bullfighter, he is perfectly aware of it. The use of lace as a method of slaughter in slaughter houses in the EU, has been forbidden many years ago, since it was considered a cruel method of killing an animal. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • END OF THE LIDIA Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • END OF THE LIDIA Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • CLINICAL DATAIn addition to what has been described, that I hope was enough to make youunderstand that these animals suffer intense torture and abuse during thebullfight, there are scientific studies that highlight organic suffering.The blood analysis of bulls that have been struggled indicates that all parameters(32 measured), markers of liver, kidney and muscle functions, includingelectrolytes, and some hormones, are altered in relation to physiological values,some above and some below normal values.Gas tests performed in these animals indicate that their blood is loaded withcarbon dioxide, and 95% of the bulls struggled suffer what is known as metabolicacidosis that is a factor that determines unequivocally the suffering in cattle andwhich is caused by the transformation of lactic acid produced in their musclesfrom physical exhaustion, in lactate that will pass to the blood. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Physological alterations Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Physological alterations Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Physological alterations Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Physological alterations Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Phychological sufferingWhat I have shown refers to physical suffering these animals undergo,and that has its highest expression in the pain they caused them, but wemust not forget that these animals, provided of a limbic system,responsible for processing emotions, virtually identical to ours, are able tofeel fear, panic, loneliness, and sadness in adverse situations asdescribed.I invite you to place yourselves for a moment in the body and brain ofthese animals, empathize with them and try to process sensations andfeelings that they can perceive and develop since they are separated fromtheir herd in the place where they were born and have been living until hislife ends in the ring. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • A few days ago I read a text by a woman, previously a bullfights aficionada,reasoning the transit to her conversion into anti-bullfighting, saying:"The fighting of a bull, is a work that produces only a corpse. Through the bullfight, the bull, which had never been in a Plaza, learns to be fought, that is, learsn to be what has hitherto been without knowing, a bull for bullfighting, and just as he learns, he discovers that transformation destiny itself coincides with his end at the hands of his master. " A paradox. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • José Enrique ZaldívarVeterinarioPresidente de laAsociación deVeterinariosAbolicionistas de laTauromaquia (AVAT) Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • SPANIARDS AND BULLFIGHTINGGO BACK TO DO BULLS SUFFER? Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting  According to the last official survey performed by Investiga-Aedemo, 67,2% of Spaniards show no interest in bullfighting. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA*Source: http://www.slideshare.net/Mouriz/estudio-sobre-la-aficin-por-los-toros-en-espaa-presentation 47
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting This is supported by the different on-line polls held in all kinds of media sites. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA 48
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting This is supported by the different on-line polls held in all kinds of media sites. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA 49
    • Spaniards and BullfightingVoting taking place in Antena 3 on the same day of Catalonia ban(July 28th 2010) Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 50
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 51
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 52
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 53
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 54
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting 09/08/10 Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 55
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting 18/08/10 Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 56
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting  Even in Madrid, capital of Spain, only a third (un 33%) of the population shows some interest on bullfighting, which does not justify the government‟s attempt to declare it Cultural Asset of the Autonomous Community. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA*Source: http://www.slideshare.net/Mouriz/estudio-sobre-la-aficin-por-los-toros-en-espaa-presentation 57
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting On the other hand, 51,609 signatures were raised in only two months with only 400 volunteers and a popular legislative innitiative was taken to the Madrid Assemby, whose main party refused to debate it. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA 58
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting Likewise, the demonstration in Madrid against bullfighting on March 28th, was the largest in the history of our country and proves that our society is widely against this atrocity.. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA 59
    • Spaniards and BullfightingAn event that was widely covered internationally but silenced nationally. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA 60
    • Spaniards and BullfightingAnd while Catalonia legitimally banned bullfighting, in Madrid, it was declared Cultural Asset against the people‟s opinion. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 61
    • Spaniards and BullfightingPeople call for a violence-free society and that includes animals too.Social networks are a great proof for it.No es mi fiesta nacional: 375.691 members Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 62
    • Spaniards and BullfightingNo es mi fiesta nacional: 23.632 members Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 63
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting Tordesillas: 16.758 members Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 64
    • Spaniards and Bullfighting Plataforma La Tortura no es Cultura: Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA 9.367 members © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 65
    • So Why are bullfightings still on? Subsidies. •The bullfighting industry does generate money, but the profits only end up in the hands of a very small number of people that belong to the bullfighting elite. •These „rich‟ members of the industry, knowing that their business is in recession, do not cut their own profits, but instead ask for public money to cover a large proportion of their expenses. Bullfighting activities are heavily subsidised in Spain by all levels of the Government. It has been estimated that over 600 million euros of taxpayers’ money is destined to the pro- bullfighting industry per year in Spain. •Many aspects of the industry receive subsidies, including: bullfighting schools, bullfighting fan clubs, breeding and slaughtering of bullfighting bulls, purchase of bulls for popular fiestas, promotion and marketing schemes for bullfighting, payments by public television for the broadcasting rights of bullfights, pro- bullfighting museums and many more. All these subsidies take money away from serious social problems such as access to public health, education, infrastructures, the elderly, public safety, social housing and so on.According to a poll of Junta de Castilla y León in 2009, only 18% of Spaniards agree in giving subsidies to bullfighting. And only9,8% of the aficionados, goes, at least, once a year to a bullfight. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 66
    • So Why are bullfightings still on? Subsidies.Subsidies that go from a people struggling to make it to the end of the month, to the wealthiest capitals of Spain. “La duquesa de Alba, Mario Conde, Alberto Alcocer y Emilio Botín son algunos de los que podrían perder las abundantes subvenciones agrícolas que reciben por sus fincas de recreo. Y es que se da la circunstancia de que siete grandes propietarios españoles cobran lo mismo que 12.700 pequeños agricultores. La intención de Bruselas es que sólo se subvencione a quienes son realmente agricultores. Además, se pretende llevar a cabo una limitación de las cantidades, ya que algunos perceptores pueden acumular millones de euros en ayudas. En ese caso peligran los fondos que se han embolsado desde hace lustros terratenientes como Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, que a través de sus sociedades cobró el año pasado 1,1 millones de euros. Entre las familias que sacan un gran provecho de los subsidios se encuentran los Mora Figueroa, que consiguen cosechar 5,5 millones en ayudas. Pero también cobran ayudas banqueros, financieros y empresarios que usan sus fincas de esparcimiento para recolectar ayudas europeas. Así, la familia de Mario Conde recibió el año pasado 458.000 euros, los March 447.000, los Benjumea, dueños de Abengoa, 375.000; Alberto Alcocer, 316.000; y la familia Botín, 315.000. “http://www.tiempodehoy.com/default.asp?idpublicacio_PK=50&idioma=CAS&idnoticia_PK=62106&idseccio_PK=612&h=100820 Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA © 2008 F.A.A. All rights reserved 67
    • TURISM AND BULLFIGHTING Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • Tourism and Bullfighting The bullfighting industry often cites that bullfighting brings in important revenue to local towns and regions. It is, however, important to remember that tourists will visit Spain with or without bullfighting: tourists don’t go to Spain in order to specifically watch a bullfight. Attending a bullfight out of curiosity and never wanting to return is a common phenomenon amongst tourists, which certainly does not strengthen the industry‟s claims that bullfighting is popular. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2VQ2kKeBd1E&feature=related In fact, due to the modern concept of „ethical travelling‟, more tourists are more likely to visit Spain, Portugal or the South of France when bullfighting no longer exists there. There are thousands of people on Social Networking Sites like Twitter and Facebook who have supported the ban and express desire to travel Catalonia after the ban takes place. Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    •  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I975vwW3Cc4&feature=player_embedded#at =101 Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA
    • THANK YOU Plataforma LA TORTURA NO ES CULTURA