Federal Education Policy: Where do we go after NCLB?

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Federal Education Policy: Where do we go after NCLB?

  1. 1. The Promise of Open Educational Resources AERA Meeting New York, NY March 25, 2008 Marshall S. Smith The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  2. 2. Our Global Challenges • Rapid social and economic change • Great human-made problems – Global warming – Extensive poverty – Terrorism – Nuclear proliferation
  3. 3. Meeting Challenges Requires Social and Educational Transformation • Build on common values to strengthen resolve to improve the world while cherishing diversity and its innovative power • Enable access for all to knowledge and opportunities for learning
  4. 4. • High quality educational content and tools • Free on the Web anytime • Usable and re-usable • Adaptable for all cultures and languages A Powerful Tool for Systemic Reform and Transformation
  5. 5. Global Movement Higher Education
  6. 6.                          • 100+ universities around the world published OCWs • 5,000+ courses, 700+ translated into 10 languages
  7. 7. K12 Global Movement
  8. 8. Journals, Books, Videos, Data, Games…
  9. 9. Usage Expanding 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 All other MIT Number of Visits Per Month (000)
  10. 10. Open is Powerful for Learning Because… …Institutions can now reach people that they don’t have the capacity to serve …Individuals have control over the content -- adapting and perfecting …Continuous improvement through user and expert feedback and modification …Act of modifying is an instructive learning process
  11. 11. Re-Mixing Winston Churchill “If you have knowledge, let others light their candle with it.” Thomas Jefferson “He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction itself without lessening mine: as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me.”
  12. 12. Movement Will Accelerate • Changing habits of the new generation • We all face challenges that require different skills than often taught in schools • Openly sharing digital content becoming cultural norm
  13. 13. Some of The Obstacles • Intellectual Property • Localization and Translation • Accessibility • Sustainability
  14. 14. Institutions and Individuals have taken the lead so far… Governments starting to define their roles… How might openness change teaching and learning? Five examples.
  15. 15. • Use Open Courseware: builds a global library of teaching materials from leading universities worldwide: • Open archiving (publishing, data bases and data analysis) to support research: books, journals, video. • Shared courses located on virtual worlds. • Open web-based laboratories create lab experiences for those without labs Open Collaboration Enables Meta Universities
  16. 16. Openness Leads to Fast Feedback Loops That Engage Rapid Cycles of Improvement of Teaching Materials Open Textbooks
  17. 17. • Facts & skills based • Teacher controlled • Work alone • Avoid failure • Discipline based • Deeper understanding • Student controlled pace • Creative by creating • Work in groups • Synthesize and analyze • Try, fail and try again Beyond Systemic Reform – Transform Learning
  18. 18. Accelerated, Personalized Learning Challenges Conventional Wisdom
  19. 19. Dramatically Increase Access to K- 12 and Higher Education • Reach remote areas without qualified teachers with full blown, complete courses: (multi-media, lecture, cognitive tutor.) • Reach people out of school or lifelong learners • Using proctored assessments to give credit for open learning. Photo by mathew ramsey via Flickr
  20. 20. Problem-Based Learning Environments: Virtual and Open Poverty: Food ForceScience Education: Immune Attack Politics: PeaceMaker Harvard Law Extension School’s Virtual Class in Second Life
  21. 21. Opening The World to Knowledge and Education http://www.Hewlett.org http://www.OERCommons.org This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 License.

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