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Federal Education Policy:  Where do we go after NCLB?
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Federal Education Policy: Where do we go after NCLB?


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  • 1. The Promise of Open Educational Resources AERA Meeting New York, NY March 25, 2008 Marshall S. Smith The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  • 2. Our Global Challenges • Rapid social and economic change • Great human-made problems – Global warming – Extensive poverty – Terrorism – Nuclear proliferation
  • 3. Meeting Challenges Requires Social and Educational Transformation • Build on common values to strengthen resolve to improve the world while cherishing diversity and its innovative power • Enable access for all to knowledge and opportunities for learning
  • 4. • High quality educational content and tools • Free on the Web anytime • Usable and re-usable • Adaptable for all cultures and languages A Powerful Tool for Systemic Reform and Transformation
  • 5. Global Movement Higher Education
  • 6.                          • 100+ universities around the world published OCWs • 5,000+ courses, 700+ translated into 10 languages
  • 7. K12 Global Movement
  • 8. Journals, Books, Videos, Data, Games…
  • 9. Usage Expanding 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 All other MIT Number of Visits Per Month (000)
  • 10. Open is Powerful for Learning Because… …Institutions can now reach people that they don’t have the capacity to serve …Individuals have control over the content -- adapting and perfecting …Continuous improvement through user and expert feedback and modification …Act of modifying is an instructive learning process
  • 11. Re-Mixing Winston Churchill “If you have knowledge, let others light their candle with it.” Thomas Jefferson “He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction itself without lessening mine: as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me.”
  • 12. Movement Will Accelerate • Changing habits of the new generation • We all face challenges that require different skills than often taught in schools • Openly sharing digital content becoming cultural norm
  • 13. Some of The Obstacles • Intellectual Property • Localization and Translation • Accessibility • Sustainability
  • 14. Institutions and Individuals have taken the lead so far… Governments starting to define their roles… How might openness change teaching and learning? Five examples.
  • 15. • Use Open Courseware: builds a global library of teaching materials from leading universities worldwide: • Open archiving (publishing, data bases and data analysis) to support research: books, journals, video. • Shared courses located on virtual worlds. • Open web-based laboratories create lab experiences for those without labs Open Collaboration Enables Meta Universities
  • 16. Openness Leads to Fast Feedback Loops That Engage Rapid Cycles of Improvement of Teaching Materials Open Textbooks
  • 17. • Facts & skills based • Teacher controlled • Work alone • Avoid failure • Discipline based • Deeper understanding • Student controlled pace • Creative by creating • Work in groups • Synthesize and analyze • Try, fail and try again Beyond Systemic Reform – Transform Learning
  • 18. Accelerated, Personalized Learning Challenges Conventional Wisdom
  • 19. Dramatically Increase Access to K- 12 and Higher Education • Reach remote areas without qualified teachers with full blown, complete courses: (multi-media, lecture, cognitive tutor.) • Reach people out of school or lifelong learners • Using proctored assessments to give credit for open learning. Photo by mathew ramsey via Flickr
  • 20. Problem-Based Learning Environments: Virtual and Open Poverty: Food ForceScience Education: Immune Attack Politics: PeaceMaker Harvard Law Extension School’s Virtual Class in Second Life
  • 21. Opening The World to Knowledge and Education This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 License.