Brief Introduction to Phenomenological Research

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In this presentation we will be discussing one approach to qualitative research rooted in the philosophy of phenomenology ...

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Brief Introduction to Phenomenological Research

  1. 1. Counselling Research Phenomenological Research FdA and BA (Hons) Counselling with Brief Interventions
  2. 2. Aims 1. Phenomenology in counselling 2. Phenomenology as a research method 3. Data analysis using the phenomenological approach: procedure 4. Conclusions
  3. 3. Phenomenology The way we experience the world determines how we respond and is based on our own unique mixture of needs, history and expectations Each of us lives in our own subjective world, which cannot be fully and completely understood by anyone else Tony Merry (2002)
  4. 4. Phenomenology in Counselling • • • • Frames of Reference Bracketing Equalisation Description
  5. 5. Phenomenological Research As in counselling this is an attempt to understand the structure of lived experience rather than explain it
  6. 6. Research Methods Phenomenological research is qualitative research requiring the researcher to collect ‘verbal or written protocols describing the experience’ (McLeod: 2011: 89). This can be done with open ended questionnaires, journals, interviews, observations, etc
  7. 7. Data Analysis 1. Collect verbal or written protocols 2. Read them through carefully to get a sense of the whole 3. Extract significant statements or ‘units of meaning’ 4. Eliminate irrelevant repetition 5. Identify the central themes or meanings implicit in these statements 6. Integrate these meanings into a single ‘exhaustive description of the phenomenon’.
  8. 8. Conclusions • Phenomenological research is an attempt by the researcher to … • describe the subjective experience of participants … • by following a procedure in which … • units of meaning are identified … • and common themes integrated into an ‘exhaustive description of the phenomenon’.

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