Best of Both Worlds
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Best of Both Worlds



Caring for Artifacts of Uncertain Ownership

Caring for Artifacts of Uncertain Ownership



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Best of Both Worlds Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Best of Both Worlds: Collaborations Between Indigenous Groups and Museums
    Caring for Artifacts of Uncertain
    Ownership by Marnie Leist
    Alutiiq Museum and Archaeological Repository, Kodiak, Alaska
  • 2. The “Donation”
    “Please take good care of these. I picked them up when I was a kid and saved them for my family, but they should be in the museum. I want them to be around for future generations.”
    Clyda Christiansen, Larsen Bay
    Selection of Clyda’s artifact collection
  • 3. Pastime
    Mary Shepherd with octopus, Afognak Is., 1978
    Mary Shepherd and family collecting artifacts on the beach, 1965
  • 4. The Kodiak Archipelago in the central Gulf of Alaska
  • 5. Whose Property?
    • Archaeological resources belong to the surface estate landowner
    • 6. Federal and State law
    • 7. Old loan, undocumented property, and abandoned property laws
    Mark Withrow, Chirikof Is., land managed by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • 8. Whose Property?
    One page of landownership map
  • 9. Preserving Alutiiq heritage wherever it is found - in museums, in people, in the ground.
    Site Stewardship, Uganik
    Community Archaeology
  • 10. The Agreement
    • Recognizes museum as an appropriate entity to care for unprovenienced artifacts
    • 11. Understands museum may unknowingly accept materials inappropriately acquired from their land
  • The Agreement
    Ivory hunting hat figurine
    and bear effigy
    Museums agrees to
    • Add unprovenienced artifact s
    • 12. to teaching collection only
    • 13. Share unprovenienced artifacts through programs
    • 14. Return (or obtain agreement) any artifacts to their rightful owner
    • 15. Continue efforts to promote archaeological site preservation and discourage amateur collecting
  • The Agreement
    Federal agencies
    U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs
    U.S. Bureau of Land Management
    U.S. Coast Guard
    U.S. Forest Service
    U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
    State agencies
    Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Office of History & Archaeology
    Cities of Kodiak and Larsen Bay
    Kodiak Island Borough
    Kodiak Alutiiq Corporations
    Koniag, Inc.
    Afognak Native Corporation
    Akhiok-Kaguyak, Inc.
    Leisnoi, Inc.
    Natives of Kodiak, Inc.
    Old Harbor Native Corporation
    Ouzinkie Native Corporation
    Ouzinkie, 1940s
  • 16. Uniting Alutiiq beliefs and museum practices
    Starring in Three Saints Bay Orthodox Church, Old Harbor
    Larry Matfay lighting oil lamp at exhibit opening
  • 17. Uniting Alutiiq beliefs and museum practices
    • Professional care to preserve for future generations
    • 18. Public access
    • 19. Educational resource
    Marnie Leist, Registrar
    Alutiiq Museum and Archaeological Repository
    (907) 486-7004
    215 Mission Rd. Suite 101
    Kodiak, AK 99615
    Prehistoric objects from the unprovenienced artifact collection. From left: a traveling stone oil lamp, a slate lance with maker’s marks, and a barbed harpoon of sea mammal bone.