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Cradle to Cradle in the Built Environment

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  • 1. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentERASMUS UNIVERSITY ROTTERDAMErasmus University Rotterdam:Rotterdam School of Management (RSM) &Dutch Research Institute for Transitions (DRIFT)Cradle to Cradle® and C2C® are registered trademarks held by McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry, LLC (MBDC).Cradle to Cradle® in the BuiltEnvironment@ UT May 8thAcademic Chair ‘Cradle to Cradle for Innovation and Quality’
  • 2. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built Environment‘CRADLE TO CRADLE FOR INNOVATION AND QUALITY’8 May 201321. Erasmus University Rotterdam“Cradle to Cradle for Innovationand Quality”Rotterdam School of Management- Summary last Seminar2. University Twente“Cradle to Cradle in IndustrialDesign Engineering”3. Technical University Delftvisiting professor ofBuilding Design TechnologyFaculty of Architecture- Last C2C lab• Technische Universität MünchenCradle to Cradle FollowshipFakultät für Bauingenieur-und VermessungswesenFakultät für Architektur- Upcoming event June 4th
  • 3. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built Environment‘CRADLE TO CRADLE FOR INNOVATION AND QUALITY’8 May 20133Department of Decision and Information SciencesRotterdam School of Management (RSM)Katja HansenSenior ResearcherDiana den HeldSenior ResearcherDouglas MulhallSenior Researcherprof.dr. MichaelBraungartMarleen LodderPhD Student
  • 4. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentMARLEEN LODDER– PhD-candidate Erasmus University Rotterdam (since October 2011)• Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)• Dutch Research Institute for Transitions (DRIFT)– Background• Master Architectural Engineering, Technical University Eindhoven• Bachelor Built Environment, Avans Hogeschool ‘s Hertogenbosch– PhD proposal• Vision for Area Development• Beneficial Area’s• Economic-, Ecologic- and Social-Cultural capital• Process• Scale and scalability8 May 20134
  • 5. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCRADLE TO CARDLE® IN THE BUILT ENVIRONMENTMichael Braungart & William McDonough"We do not want sustainability, because that is not enough. We want real quality.“(Braungart)“A delightfully diverse, safe, healthy and just world - with clean air, soil, water and power -economically, equitably, ecologically, and elegantly enjoyed.”(McDonough)Source: http://www.amazon.com Source: http://www.mcdonough.com Source: http://greenatwork.com8 May 20135
  • 6. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentFRACTAL TRIANGLE- McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2002)8 May 20136McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2002). Design for the triple top line: New tools for sustainable commerce. Corporate Environmental Strategy, 9(3), 251-258.
  • 7. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentTRIPLE TOP LINE- McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2002)8 May 20137“triple top line growth:products that enhancethe well being of natureand culture whilegenerating economicvalue” (pp252)McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2002). Design for the triple top line: New tools for sustainable commerce. Corporate Environmental Strategy, 9(3), 251-258.Source: Diana den Held
  • 8. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentTHE CIRCULAR ECONOMY: C2C THE BASIS- The Ellen MacArthur Foundation8 May 20138Source: www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org“The circular economy requires carefulmanagement of material flows, whichare of two types. These arecharacterised by McDonough andBraungart in Cradle to Cradle:Remaking the Way We Make Things asbiological nutrients—materials designedto re-enter the biosphere safely andrebuild natural capital, and technicalnutrients, designed to circulate at highquality without entering the biosphere.”(Towards the circular economy 2, pp 26)
  • 9. Cradle to Cradle in the Built Environment?THE GREENEST HOUSE IS THE ONE THAT NEVER GETSBUILT- Whit Faulconer, Green Blue8 May 20139Source: Unknown
  • 10. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentBUILDINGS LIKE TREESCITIES LIKE FORESTSBUILDINGS LIKE TREES – CITIES LIKE FORESTSSlide 10Source: EPEA
  • 11. Cradle to Cradle in the Built Environment?- Based on Stewart Brand, How Buildings Learn, 19948 May 201311
  • 12. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentTHE QUALITY CHALLENGEMany manufacturers don’t knowwhat is in their products.So… most architects don’t knowwhat is in their buildings.8 May 201312
  • 13. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentQUALITY INGREDIENTS + QUALITY DESIGN =QUALITY PRODUCTS=8 May 201313
  • 14. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentUNKNOWN INGREDIENTS & UGLY DESIGN =LOW QUALITY PRODUCTS= ?8 May 201314
  • 15. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentHAITI & TURKEY. BAD DESIGN & UNKNOWNINGREDIENTS = CATASTROPHE8 May 201315Source: Unknown
  • 16. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentOFF-GASSING OF “NATURAL” CARPETQUALITY QUESTION8 May 201316Source: HUI
  • 17. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentINDOOR AIR QUALITY8 May 201317Source: http://www.businessweek.com Source: http://home.howstuffworks.com
  • 18. Cradle to Cradle in the Built Environment?BUILDINGS HAVE A……………………………………BIG FOOTPRINT!- How to make it a Big Beneficial Footprint that is profitable ?8 May 201318Source: Unknown
  • 19. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCONTEXT SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES- Hannover Principles- Almere Principles- Venlo Principles- Limburg Principles- Marina Principles- C2C Architects Manifesto- C2C Architecture Charter8 May 201319
  • 20. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentFRAMEWORK:1. CRADLE TO CRADLE CRITERIA FOR THE BUILTENVIRONMENT2. PLANNING GUIDEHow To Plan A Big Beneficial Footprint; Guide To Innovation Tools ForCradle To Cradle-Inspired Value In Building Developments.3. REGISTRYhttp://www.rsm.nl/research/decision-information-sciences/research/cradle-to-cradle-for-innovation-and-quality/registry/8 May 201320
  • 21. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentC2C® CRITERIA FOR THE BUILT ENVIRONMENTFor more information see:http://www.duurzaamgebouwd.nl/bookstore8 May 201321
  • 22. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built Environment- Definition of a C2C building- Criteria based on C2C principles- Implementation criteria- Measuring intentions, milestones & roadmaps- Defining C2C energyC2C® CRITERIA FOR THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT8 May 201322
  • 23. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentDEFINITION OF A CRADLE TO CRADLE® BUILDING“Cradle to Cradle building contains defined elements thatadd value and celebrate innovation and enjoyment bymeasurably enhancing the quality of- materials,- biodiversity,- air,- and water,- using current solar income,- being deconstructable- and recyclable,- and performing diverse practical and life-enhancingfunctions for its stakeholders to holistically improve theeconomy, ecology and social equity.”8 May 201323
  • 24. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentDIFFERENCE SUSTAINABLE AND CRADLE TO CRADLE®Cradle to Cradle® Criteria:– Healthy materials– Supporting biodiversity– Clean(ing) air– Clean(ing) water– Energy Positive– Deconstructable– Defined recyclable– Life-enhancing functions– Holistically improve theeconomy, ecology and socialequitySustainable Criteria:– Sustainable materials– Reducing impact biodiversity– CO2 Neutral / Zero Impact– Water savings– Energy Neutral– ?– Recyclable– ?– Find a general balancebetween economy, ecologyand social equity8 May 201324
  • 25. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built Environment 8 May 201325
  • 26. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentThere is not yet a 100%C2C building, highway or airportNew approaches are required to get there.Focus on Innovation instead ofCertification8 May 201326
  • 27. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentC2C® CRITERIA FOR THE BUILT ENVIRONMENTEVERYTHING IS A NUTRIENT FOR SOMETHING ELSE2. Quality of materials– Defined pathways– Defined use periods– Design for disassembly3. Soil production, Bio-nutrients4. Climate, Air and Sound quality5. Water qualityUSE CURRENT SOLAR INCOME6. Produce more energy then one needs by using current solarincomeCELEBRATE DIVERSITY7. Bio-diversity, Conceptual-diversity, Social-diversity,Cultural-diversity8 May 201327
  • 28. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentTHE PRINCIPLE CRITERIA1. STATE YOUR INTENTIONS.Which C2C principles do you plan to implement by when?Which Goals do you plan to declare?8 May 201328
  • 29. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE:C2C ROADMAP, measurable goals and milestones in a defined period- Desso29 8 May 2013Source: www.desso.com
  • 30. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentTHE PRINCIPLE CRITERIAExample of Goals for the sites:“In Ten Years Our Site is Profitably Energy-Positive”- Keep Investment at Home- Generate, Sell, and Buy Power- Install & Maintain the Systems8 May 201330
  • 31. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentTHE PRINCIPLE CRITERIAExample of Goals for Materials:“In ten years 90 percent of thematerials used in our buildingwill have C2C materials passports”8 May 201331
  • 32. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEVERYTHING IS A NUTRIENT FOR SOMETHING ELSE2. DEFINE MATERIALS AND THEIR INTENDEDUSE PATHWAYS(a) whose contents are measurably defined in technical orbiological pathways from manufacturing through use andrecovery and(b) whose impacts are measurably beneficial for human healthand the environment.8 May 201332
  • 33. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCogent™ Group FabricsGOLDNo AntimonyOther Examples forSILVER CertificationsEXAMPLES OF CERTIFICATIONS IN THE BUILT ENVIRONMENTSource: EPEA33Steelcase Inc.29 ProductsExamples:Think® Chair and Stool Amia™ Chair and Stool Leap ChairTechnical Cycle Technical Cycle Technical CycleGOLD GOLD SILVERFor special For specialCombinations combinations8 May 2013
  • 34. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentDefinition Materials Passport:Set of data describing defined characteristics of materials inproducts that give them value for recovery and reuse.Passports are a marketplace mechanism to encourage productdesigns, material recovery systems, and chain of possessionpartnerships that improve the quality, value, and security ofsupply for materials so they can be reused in continuousloops or closed loops or beneficially returned to biologicalsystems.For other definitions please refer to Resource Repletion, Role of Buildings, KatjaHansen, Michael Braungart, Douglas Mulhall, The Springer Encyclopaedia ofSustainability Science and Technology, 2012, pp. 9096-9117 ISBN 978-0-387-89469-0MATERIAL PASSPORTS8 May 201334
  • 35. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentC2C MATERIAL PASSPORTS & MATERIAL BANKING- C2C Chair for Innovation and Quality35 8 May 2013Source: Based on multiple sources Source: www.ibom.biz
  • 36. Cradle to Cradle in the Built Environment36 8 May 2013Source: www.youtube.comEXAMPLE:Maersk
  • 37. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEVERYTHING IS A NUTRIENT FOR SOMETHING ELSE3. INTEGRATE BIOLOGICAL NUTRIENTS.Recycle biological nutrients and water by integrating topsoil andbiomass production into buildings, landscaping, and spatial plansto generate more biomass and clean water than beforedevelopment of the site.8 May 201337
  • 38. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE:- QUANTIFYING NUTRIENT RECYCLING - BASIS FOR C2CWater environment & technology 199738 8 May 2013Source: HUI
  • 39. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE:- NIOO BUILDING39 8 May 2013Source: http://www.nioo.knaw.nl
  • 40. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEVERYTHING IS A NUTRIENT FOR SOMETHING ELSE4. ENHANCE CLIMATE, AIR AND SOUNDQUALITY.Actively contribute to measurably improving air quality so theindoor air is healthier for occupants than before it entered thebuilding and provides a comfortable climate for occupants.8 May 201340
  • 41. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE:- Mosses for uptake and conversion of fine particulates41EXAMPLE:8 May 2013Source: Prof. Frahm – Uni Bonn
  • 42. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE:- Green walls in office spaces42EXAMPLE:8 May 2013Source: http://www.truestars.nl/Page/299875_groene-wanden-mos-panelen.aspx
  • 43. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEVERYTHING IS A NUTRIENT FOR SOMETHING ELSE5. ENHANCE WATER QUALITY.Measurably improve water quality so the water is healthier forbiological metabolisms than before it entered the building.8 May 201343
  • 44. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE:- COVENT GARDEN: Urban applications of bionutrient recycling in temperateclimatesEXAMPLE:8 May 201344Source: Steven Beckers
  • 45. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentUSE CURRENT SOLAR INCOME6. INTEGRATE RENEWABLE ENERGY.Integrate renewable energy (current solar and gravitationalincome) into buildings and area plans so the building and sitegenerate more energy than they use.8 May 201345
  • 46. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE:- Building integrated PV in BSH building Park 20|2046 8 May 2013Source: http://daylightaward.nl
  • 47. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCELEBRATE DIVERSITY7. ACTIVELY SUPPORT BIODIVERSITY.Integrate measurable species diversity so the area supports morediversity than before development.8 May 201347
  • 48. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE:- Ferrer Research & Development Center: Releasing endangered butterfly speciesevery weekEXAMPLE:8 May 201348Source:http://www.mcdonoughpartners.com
  • 49. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCELEBRATE DIVERSITY8. CELEBRATE CONCEPTUAL DIVERSITY WITHINNOVATION.Focus on special beneficial features of a building and integratinginnovative components that are beneficial for the well-being ofoccupants and the environment.8 May 201349
  • 50. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE:- Park20|20EXAMPLE:8 May 201350Source: www.bouwwereld.nl
  • 51. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentTHE REGISTRY8 May 201351For more information see:http://www.rsm.nl/research/decision-information-sciences/research/cradle-to-cradle-for-innovation-and-quality/registry/
  • 52. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built Environment“Cradle to Cradle-Inspired Element supportthe C2C principles, intentions and goals ofstakeholders by integrating diverse value-added functions. The integration of quality,added value, and beneficial impacts.”C2C-INSPIRED ELEMENTS8 May 201352Source: Building Registry
  • 53. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE OF A C2C-INSPIERED ELEMENT:- Atrium8 May 201353Source: Steven Beckers
  • 54. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE OF A C2C-INSPIERED ELEMENT:Atrium8 May 201354Source: Building RegistrySource: Building Registry
  • 55. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLE OF A C2C-INSPIERED ELEMENT:- Active Green Facade8 May 201355Source: www.youtube.com
  • 56. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built Environment“These are inexpensive quick‐win featuresthat inspire others to implement C2Celsewhere. The most important ingredients;innovation and fun!”C2C-INSPIRED DELIGHTS8 May 201356Source: Building Registry
  • 57. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLES OF A C2C-INSPIERED DELIGHTS- Use kinetic energy from stairs or revolving doors to operate coffee machine8 May 201357Source: http://inhabitat.com/energy-generating-revolving-door-by-boon-edam/
  • 58. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLES OF A C2C-INSPIERED DELIGHTS- Generating fun and electricity together: Kinetic energy dance floor8 May 201358Source: http://www.treehugger.com/culture/five-green-nightclubs-where-you-can-party-the-night-away.html/
  • 59. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentEXAMPLES OF A C2C-INSPIERED DELIGHTS- C2C-inspired Tweet or Downloadable apps or screensavers that tell a C2C-inspired story8 May 201359Source: http://appyourservice.nl/portfolio/park2020-app//
  • 60. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentPLANNING GUIDE8 May 201360For more information see:http://www.rsm.nl/research/decision-information-sciences/research/cradle-to-cradle-for-innovation-and-quality/registry/
  • 61. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentA LA CARTE APPROACH- Modular innovation tools: appetizer - main course - desert8 May 201361Source: Planning Guide
  • 62. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentFINANCIAL INNOVATION POTENTIAL8 May 201362Source: Planning Guide
  • 63. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCRADLE TO CARDLE® IN THE BUILT ENVIRONMENTThe launch of the Cradle to Cradle Building Manual in Denmarkhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5y63OEgxxjY- William McDonough 10:10-17:50 & 22:15-28:00http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=REzCGlNY3_U- Michael Braungart 27:30-33:11 (and Douglas Mulhall)8 May 201363
  • 64. Cradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentCradle to Cradle in the Built EnvironmentMarleen LodderPhD candidate | Erasmus University Rotterdam | www.marleenlodder.nl@ Dutch Research Institute For Transitions (DRIFT)Burgemeester Oudlaan 50 | M5-37 | 3062 PA Rotterdam | The Netherlands | +31 10 4089775 | lodder@drift.eur.nl | www.drift.eur.nl@ ROTTERDAM SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENTAcademic Chair ‘Cradle to Cradle for Innovation and Quality’Burgemeester Oudlaan 50 | T9-18 | 3062 PA Rotterdam | The Netherlands | +31 10 4082022 | mlodder@rsm.nl | www.rsm.nlFollow me on:QUESTIONS8 May 201364