Culpability: Definition: Blameworthiness or a state of guilt. Example: Lady Macbeth experiences a state of guilt which haunts her in her sleep as she constantly tries to wash blood off her hands in her sleep. Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. Ed. Sylvan Barnett. New York: Signet NAL, 1963.
Metonymy Definition: A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated. Example: “By the sweat of thy brow thou shalt eat thy bread.” Genesis 3:19 The Holy Bible, King James Version. New York: American Bible Society: 1999; Bartleby.com, 2000. www.bartleby.com/108/ .
Myopic Definition: Nearsighted or not able to see distant objects clearly. Example: Calpurnia in To Kill a Mockingbird is nearsighted; “She was all angles and bones; she was nearsighted; she squinted; her hand was wide as a bed slat and twice as hard”. Lee, Harper. To Kill A Mockingbird . English 1st. Philadelphia : Lippincott, 1960. Print.
Ubiquity Definition: The state of being, or seeming to be, everywhere at once. Example: In The Tempest , Prospero is in a ubiquitous state because with the help of his sprite Ariel, he is able to see what is going on anywhere on the island at any time. William Shakespeare. The Tempest . New York: Ambrose Video Pub, 2000.
Omnipotence Definition: The state of having unlimited power. Example: “Big Brother” in George Orwell’s novel 1984 has power over everyone, and controls everything in every aspect’s of the citizens’ lives. Orwell, George. 1984 . Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1950. Print.
Admonition Definition: Cautionary advice or warning. Example: In Rose Madder by Stephen King, the main character is warned of upcoming dangers by a woman in a painting. King, Stephen. Rose Madder . New York City: Viking, 1995. Print.
Sultry Definition: Hot or humid weather, or attractive in a way that suggests a passionate nature. Example: The setting of Shakespeare’s play The Tempest is on a tropical island, which would have a sultry climate. William Shakespeare. The Tempest . New York: Ambrose Video Pub, 2000.
Ire Definition: Anger. Example: “From the very beginning— from the first moment, I may almost say— of my acquaintance with you, your manners, impressing me with the fullest belief of your arrogance, your conceit, and your selfish disdain of the feelings of others, were such as to form the groundwork of disapprobation on which succeeding events have built so immovable a dislike; and I had not known you a month before I felt that you were the last man in the world whom I could ever be prevailed on to marry.” In this passage, Elizabeth is showing her anger at Mr. Darcy by leashing out on him after refusing his marriage proposal. Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. Vol. III, Part 2. Harvard Classics Shelf of Fiction. New York: P.F. Collier & Son, 1917; Bartleby.com, 2000.
Arduous Definition: Involving or requiring strenuous effort or difficult and tiring. Example: Frankenstein’s monster kills a little boy named William by strangling him, which requires strenuous effort. Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein: A Norton Critical Edition . ed. J. Paul Hunter. New York: W. W. Norton, 1996
Enervation Definition: Lack of vitality. Example: The donkey in the Winnie the Pooh books suffers from enervation because he mopes around all day and never shows any emotion besides boredom and depression. Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree . Dir. Al Smith. With Winnie the Pooh and Piglet. Walt Disney Home Video, 1985.
Parsimonious Definition: Unwilling to spend money or use resources; in other words, stingy or frugal. Example: Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol refuses to donate to the poor or be more giving than he absolutely has to be. Dickens, Charles. A Christmas Carol . Chicago: Rand McNally, 1912. Print.
Sardonically Definition: To do something sarcastically or in a sarcastic manner. Example: Hamlet: Act 1, Scene 2, in which Hamlet decries the situation whereby Hamlet's mother marries his uncle far too soon (in his opinion) after his father has died: "Thrift, thrift, Horatio! The funeral bak'd meats did coldly furnish forth the marriage tables." Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet Prince of Denmark. Vol. XLVI, Part 2. The Harvard Classics. New York: P.F. Collier & Son, 1909–14; Bartleby.com, 2001. www.bartleby.com/46/2/ .
Infernal Definition: Relating to hell and the underworld or irritating and tiresome. Example: In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Pap is unhappy woth the way his situation regarding a colored man is being handled. Here’s a govment that calls itself a govment, and lets on to be a govment, and thinks it is a govment, and yet’s got to set stock-still for six whole months before it can take a hold of a prowling, thieving, infernal, white-shirted…” Twain, Mark, and Donald McKay. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn . New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1948. Print.
Hone Definition: To sharpen with a whetstone or to make perfect or more intense and effective. Example: In George Orwell’s novel 1984, the government’s goal is to create the perfect society. To do this, they must hone their citizens into specimens of perfection. Orwell, George. 1984 . Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1950. Print.
Buttress Definition: A projecting support of stone or brick built against a wall. Example: In the Harry Potter series, the wall that protects Hogwarts School is supported by a buttress. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. ---. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000.