Everything you ever wanted to know about the wines of the Peloponnese (but were afraid to ask)
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Everything you ever wanted to know about the wines of the Peloponnese (but were afraid to ask)

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Everything you ever wanted to know about the wines of the Peloponnese (but were afraid to ask) Everything you ever wanted to know about the wines of the Peloponnese (but were afraid to ask) Presentation Transcript

  • 19,400 Hectares planted www.ELLOINOS.com 91% Indigenous varieties of which the most planted are: 31% of total Greek wine production 182 Wineries Wines of the Peloponnese Fact Sheet for 2014 9% 7%17% Moschofilero MavroudiAgiorgitiko 34% Roditis 40% Red Wines60% White Wines Aegean Sea Patras Athens Sparta Information design by ideologio
  • Kalamata Aegean Sea Athens Epidaurus Muscat of Patras Grape: Muscat Blanc Patras Grape: Roditis Monemvassia —Malvasia Grapes: Monemvassia (min 51%), Assyrtiko, Asproudes, Kydonitsa Nemea Grape Agiorgitiko Mantinia Grape Moschofilero Protected Designation of Origin In the EU, schemes of geographical indications known as Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indication (PGI), promote and protect names of quality agricultural and food products. Amongst many other products, the names of wines are also protected by these laws. PDO products are prepared, processed, and produced in a given geographical area, using recognized know-how and therefore acquire unique properties. Muscat of Rio Patras Grape: Muscat Blanc Mavrodaphne of Patras Grapes: Mavrodaphne, Korinthiaki Wine Colors Red WineWhite Wine Sweet White Wine Sweet Red Wine
  • Aegean Sea Mediterranean Sea Greece Turkey Italy Egypt Note There are additional grape varieties allowed, but current plantings are small. White indigenous: Asproudes Patras, Aidani, Assyrtiko, Athiri, Glikerithra, Goustolidi, Laghorthi, Migdali, Petroulianos, Potamissi, Robola, Rokaniaris, Skiadopoulo, Sklava, Volitsa Aspro. Red indigenous: Limniona, Skylopnichtis, Thrapsa, Voidomatis, Volitsa. Red international: Cinsaut, Mourvèdre, Pinot Noir, Tempranillo.  International grapes Indigenous grapes PGI products are closely linked to the geographical area in which they are traditionally and at least partially manufactured (prepared, processed OR produced), and have specific qualities attributable to that geographical area, therefore acquiring unique properties. Depending on their geographical breadth, PGI zones are divided into three levels: — Region — District — Area Wines The PGI Regional Wines constitute the broader, overall level of the PGI wines of Greece. Region Peloponnese  pgi since 1989 Dry White Dry Rosé Dry Red Asproudes Kydonitsa Malagousia Moschofilero rosé Muscat Blanc Roditis rosé Savatiano Agiorgitiko Avgoustiatis Black of Kalavryta Fokiano Mandilaria Mavrodaphne Monemvassia Chardonnay Gewürztraminer rosé Grenache Blanc Riesling Sauvignon Blanc Ugni Blanc Trebbiano Viognier Cabernet Franc Cabernet Sauvignon Carignan Grenache Rouge Merlot Refosco Syrah View slide
  •  International grapes Indigenous grapesDistrict pgi since 2004 Dry White Medium Dry White Medium Sweet White Sweet White Dry Rosé Medium Dry Rosé Dry Red Asproudes Patra Athiri Goustolidi Malvasia di Candia1 Malagousia Muscat Blanc Migdali Potamissi Volitsa White Sideritis rosé Avgoustiatis Black of Kalavryta2 Korinthiaki Koritsanos Mavrodaphne Volitsa Black Gewürztraminer rosé Riesling Sauvignon Blanc Ugni Blanc Trebbiano Grenache Rouge Achaia   1 PGI District Wines have more strict regulations than PGI Regional Wines in terms of the grape varieties allowed. 1 1 Temporary allowed since 2008 2 Three different clones View slide
  •  International grapes Indigenous grapes Argolida   3 pgi since 2008 Dry White Medium Dry White Medium Sweet White Sweet White Dry Rosé Medium Dry Rosé Medium Sweet Rosé Sweet Rosé Dry Red Medium Dry Red Sweet Red Athiri Kydonitsa Rokaniaris Savatiano Sklava Thrapsa Voidomatis Gewürztraminer rosé Sauvignon Blanc Viognier Mourvèdre 2 3 Arcadia   2 pgi since 1996 Dry White Sweet White Semi-Sparkling White Medium Dry White Dry Rosé Semi-Sparkling Rosé Medium Dry Rosé Dry Red Aidani Glikerithra Kydonitsa Savatiano Avgoustiatis Fokiano Mavrodaphne Skylopnichtis Gewürztraminer rosé Riesling Sauvignon Blanc Viognier Mourvèdre Pinot Noir Refosco Tempranillo District
  • Ancient Olympia  International grapes Indigenous grapes Ilia   5 pgi since 2004 Dry White Dry Rosé Dry Red Malvasia di Candia1 Skiadopoulo Sultaniye Avgoustiatis Korinthiaki Mandilaria Mavrodaphne Albarino3 Sauvignon Blanc Ugni Blanc Trebbiano Viognier Carignan Grenache Rouge Mourvèdre Negroamaro4 Refosco Corinth   4 pgi since 2000 Dry White Dry Rosé Dry Red Athiri Kydonitsa Muscat Blanc Savatiano Sklava Sultaniye Korinthiaki Mavrodaphne Gewürztraminer rosé Riesling Sauvignon Blanc Malbec2 Mourvèdre Pinot Noir Refosco 5 4 2 Temporary allowed since 2006 1, 3, 4 Temporary allowed since 2009 District
  •  International grapes Indigenous grapes pgi since 2004 Dry White Dry Rosé Dry Red Goustolidi Monemvassia Savatiano Fokiano Korinthiaki Mandilaria Voidomatis Arinto Grenache Blanc Ugni Blanc Trebbiano Carignan Cinsaut Grenache Rouge Refosco Tempranillo Messinia  7 Laconia   6 pgi since 2000 Dry White Medium Dry White Medium Sweet White Sweet White Dry Rosé Medium Sweet Rosé Dry Red Aidani Athiri Kydonitsa Monemvassia Petroulianos Potamissi Thrapsathiri Fokiano Limniona Mandilaria Thrapsa Voidomatis Ugni Blanc Trebbiano Carignan 6 7 District
  •  International grapes Indigenous grapes pgi Ilia since 1993 Dry Red Agiorgitiko Mavrodaphne Merlot Refosco Syrah Letrina   b Klimenti  a pgi Corinth since 1996 Dry White Dry Rosé Dry Red Malagousia Moschofilero Agiorgitiko Chardonnay Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Syrah Area PGI Area Wines constitute the most restrictive designations in terms of geographic boundaries, which usually form a section of a district. The varieties and types of wine also follow strict specifications. a b
  •  International grapes Indigenous grapesArea pgi Messinia since 1993 Dry White Assyrtiko Roditis Chardonnay Ugni Blanc Trebbiano Pylia   d pgi Illia since 1993 Dry White Fileri Roditis Chardonnay Sauvignon Blanc Pisatis   c Slopes of Egialia  e pgi Achaia since 1997 Dry White Dry Rosé Dry Red Lagorthi Volitsa Chardonnay Cabernet Sauvignon pgi Achaia since 1992 Dry Red Mavrodaphne Cabernet Sauvignon Slopes of Petroto f c d e f
  •  International grapes Indigenous grapesArea pgi Arcadia since 1993 Dry Red Cabernet Franc Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Tegea   g pgi Messinia since 1989 Dry Medium Dry Medium Sweet White Dry Rosé Medium Dry Medium Sweet Rosé Dry Red Medium Dry Medium Sweet Red Fileri Roditis Agiorgitiko Chardonnay Grenache Blanc Ugni Blanc Trebbiano Cabernet Sauvignon Cabernet Franc Cabernet Sauvignon Carignan Grenache Rouge Merlot Syrah Tempranillo Trifilia h g h
  •  International grapes Indigenous grapes Variety Name Hectares Color Origin Agiorgitiko 313   Roditis 248   Asproudes 21   Mavroudi 16   Savatiano 13   Syrah 12   Argolida Variety Name Hectares Color Origin Roditis 3939   Mavrodaphne 364   Muscat Blanc 190   Cabernet Sauvignon 134   Mavroudi 114   Merlot 91   Chardonnay 76   Syrah 63   Sideritis 59   Black of Kalavryta 34   Asproudes 29   Sauvignon Blanc 25   Muscat of Hamburg 23   Asprovergamo 21   Malagousia 19   Lagorthi 17   Agiorgitiko 13   Aglianico 11   Achaia Variety Name Hectares Color Origin Moschofilero 1046   Fileri 105   Mavroudi 77   Kolliniatiko 70   Cabernet Sauvignon 38   Asproudes 35   Skylopnichtis 33   Roditis 20   Merlot 18   Mavrodaphne 16   Chardonnay 15   Asprovergamo 12   Arcadia Variety Name Hectares Color Origin Agiorgitiko 2950   Roditis 647   Savatiano 496   Asproudes 150   Sultaniye 120   Cabernet Sauvignon 92   Mavroudi 63   Chardonnay 27   Merlot 26   Assyrtico 18   Syrah 11   Corinth Index
  •  International grapes Indigenous grapes Variety Name Hectares Color Origin Mavroudi 437   Asproudes 132   Agiorgitiko 28   Kydonitsa 26   Roditis 23   Gewürztraminer 21   Laconia Variety Name Hectares Color Origin Roditis 939   Fokiano 361   Cabernet Sauvignon 201   Grenache Rouge 173   Ugni Blanc 163   Fileri 109   Mavroudi 75   Chardonnay 72   Cabernet Franc 57   Alicante Bouschet 41   Refosco 34   Agiorgitiko 24   Merlot 22   Mandilaria 18   Carignan 15   Tempranillo 15   Assyrtico 14   Asproudes 13   Kolliniatiko 12   Syrah 11   Cinsaut 11   Messinia Ilia Variety Name Hectares Color Origin Roditis 806   Mavroudi 637   Fileri 455   Asproudes 119   Refosco 117   Savatiano 51   Cabernet Sauvignon 42   Merlot 27   Agiorgitiko 26   Violento 25   Carignan 23   Mavrodaphne 19   Chardonnay 16   Assyrtico 11   Syrah 11   Mandilaria 11   Index SOURCES George Skouras from Domaine Skouras and Konstantinos Lazarakis, MW, have provided me with sources and current data. I am very grateful for their contribution. Greek Ministry of Agriculture, current data sampled during the period 2012 and 2013. New Wines of Greece website "Wine Grapes" by Jancis Robinson, Julia Harding and José Vouillamoz, published in 2012 "The Wines of Greece" by Konstantinos Lazarakis, published 1995 Data for PGI Region is as of February 2013, source http://bit.ly/greekwinelaw Data for PGI Districts is as of April 2010, source http://bit.ly/1diLnBS Great care has been taken to accurately analyze raw data. In some cases, I used my own best judgement. For example, the grape varieties were often named in Greek, without any further information. I suspect that some names that are only known locally were used in the official data. An example would be "Asprovergamo". I have also put Moschofilero and Fileri together in the percentage chart for the most widely planted grape varieties on page 1, but used the breakdown in the index. Both synonyms are used to refer to a group of clones with the same DNA profile. However, Fileri might also refer to a table grape grown in some areas of the Peloponnese. Designed for ELLOINOS.com in March 2014 Information design: ideologio.com  Illustration: Spyros Zevelakis Published under Creative Commons Licence: Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivatives 4.0 International. 