Get more info on this report!Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends WorldwideJune 1, 2009IntroductionCoal is t...
sources, including government and industry publications, company literature andcorporate annual reports.What You’ll Get in...
utilized in electricity production. Global generation of electricity using clean coaltechnologies is currently valued at o...
Coal is the single largest fuel source currently used and accounts for almost 42% of theworld’s electricity. According to ...
Table 1-3: Average Achievable Combustion Efficiency by Combustion      Technology, 2008      Pulverized Coal Combustion   ...
Coal PreparationFlue Gas Cleanup SystemsParticulate Removal SystemsTable 2-6: Comparison of Particulate Removal Systems, 2...
Figure 2-6: Pathway to Zero Emissions Coal Combustion, 2008      Carbon Capture      Figure 2-7: Carbon Capture Options in...
Figure 3-9: Typical Nitrogen Oxides Emissions of Coal Power Technologies      (mg/m3)      Figure 3-10: Typical Carbon Dio...
Table 4-3: World Electricity Generated from Nuclear, 2008Environmental ImpactHydroelectricElectricity Generation and Susta...
Figure 4-5: Relative Levelized Cost of Electricity for Clean Coal Technologies      (Cents per kilowatt hour)      Clean C...
Product and Brand Portfolio       Performance       Acquisitions and Divestitures       Innovation       Outlook       Per...
Product and Brand Portfolio      Performance      Acquisitions and Divestitures      Innovation      Outlook      Personne...
Table 5-16: Tampa Electric Company Profile       Corporate Background       Product and Brand Portfolio       Table 5-17: ...
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Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide

  1. 1. Get more info on this report!Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends WorldwideJune 1, 2009IntroductionCoal is the most abundant and economical fossil fuel in the world and over 6,400 milliontonnes of coal were produced globally in 2008. More than 80% of the world’s coalreserves are located in the United States, China, India, Russia, Australia, and SouthAfrica. Coal is primarily used for the generation of electricity, with smaller volumes usedfor industrial process heat and in steel production.Coal is the currently the most frequently used fuel for electricity generation. Coalproduces about 42% of the world’s electricity. On a levelized cost of production basis,the global market value of coal-fired electricity exceeded $400 billion in 2008.Coal is an important fuel source and will likely remain so due to its low cost andabundance. However, the use of coal in combustion to generate electricity leads tovarious environmental challenges. The coal industry continues to develop various cleancoal technologies to address these challenges. In 2008, global generation of electricityusing clean coal technologies is currently valued at over $61 billion.Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide includes a broadreview of the market for clean coal technologies for coal-fired electricity generation. Thereport provides a discussion of several of the technologies employed or in developmentto address the environmental impact of coal. The market demand for coal, electricity,and clean coal-fired electricity is quantified and projections for growth in demand areprovided, along with the key factors influencing this growth. The report also providesprofiles of 14 companies active in clean coal.Report MethodologyThe information in Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide isbased on primary and secondary research. Primary research entailed in-depthinterviews with firms involved in the development of clean coal technologies and coal-fired electricity generation to obtain information on the developing market and factorsshaping the industry. Secondary research entailed data gathering from relevant
  2. 2. sources, including government and industry publications, company literature andcorporate annual reports.What You’ll Get in This ReportClean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide contains importantinsights and projections regarding the future of this market around the world. No othermarket research report provides both the comprehensive analysis and data that CleanCoal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide offers. Subscribers willbenefit from extensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practical charts, tables andgraphs.How You’ll Benefit from This ReportIf your company is already doing business in the market for clean coal technologies forcoal-fired power generation, or is considering entering the marketplace, you will find thisreport invaluable. It provides a comprehensive package of information and insight notoffered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of the currentglobal market for clean coal technologies for coal-fired power generation, as well asprojected markets and trends through 2013.This report will help: Marketing managers understand the market forces shaping the market for clean coal technologies and identify market opportunities. Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for clean coal technologies. Business development executives understand the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships. Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.Additional InformationMarket Insights: A Selection From The ReportCoal is an important fuel source and will likely remain so due to its low cost andabundance. However, the use of coal in combustion to generate electricity leads tovarious environmental challenges. Clean coal is a term used to describe a collection oftechnologies either in use or in development to reduce the environmental impact of coal
  3. 3. utilized in electricity production. Global generation of electricity using clean coaltechnologies is currently valued at over $61 billion.Carbon Capture and SequestrationCoal consumption for electricity conversion is expected to increase by 3.9% per yearbetween 2009 and 2013. Simultaneously, countries around the world have initiatedsignificant effort and regulation to reduce the anthropogenic contribution to globalclimate change by legislating caps or reductions on allowable greenhouse gasemissions.With nearly 2,250 pounds of carbon dioxide emitted per megawatt hour electricityproduced from an average coal plant in the United States, the volume of carbon dioxidefar outpaces other pollutants emitted from coal combustion. Therefore, an importantcomponent of the coal industry’s research and development will increasingly becomethe level to which carbon dioxide emissions associated with coal-fired power conversioncan be reduced. Improvements in conversion efficiency levels, previously discussed inthis chapter, have lead to moderate carbon dioxide reductions from coal-fired powerplants. However, the most promising option for significant carbon emissions reductionsfor the future is carbon capture and sequestration (CCS).Carbon capture and sequestration technologies involve the removal, or capture, ofcarbon dioxide emissions from the exhaust stream from coal combustion or gasificationprocesses and the subsequent disposal, or sequestration, of these emissions in such away that they do not enter the atmosphere. As a result, carbon capture andsequestration has the potential to provide near-elimination of carbon dioxide emissionsfrom fossil fuel combustion.Carbon CaptureCarbon dioxide capture accounts for nearly 80% of the cost of the carbon capture andstorage process. Carbon capture involves the removal and concentration of the gas influe gas streams by physical and/or chemical processes. The processes involve alteringthe pressure and temperature of the flue gas stream to produce pure carbon dioxide,which is then compressed and transported for long-term storage.In the News Coal Goes Green with Worldwide Investment in Clean Coal TechnologiesNew York, May 13, 2009 - Coal has gained a new shade of “green” thanks tosubstantial global investments being made in clean coal technologies that mitigate theharmful environmental effects of conventional coal, an abundant and well-distributedfossil fuel.
  4. 4. Coal is the single largest fuel source currently used and accounts for almost 42% of theworld’s electricity. According to Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and TrendsWorldwide, the latest report from leading industrial market research publisher SBI, theglobal market value of coal-fired electricity exceeded $400 billion on a levelized cost ofproduction basis in 2008. Global generation of electricity using clean coal technologiesis currently valued at more than $61 billion.Clean coal technologies are generally segmented into three areas of focus: thereduction or elimination of pollutant emissions such as particulates and sulfur andnitrogen oxides; the improvement of conversion technologies to increase efficiency; andthe reduction of atmospheric carbon dioxide emissions with the development of carboncapture and storage. SBI projects that the deployment of clean coal technologies willcontinue to expand internationally as coal-fired power generation increases to meetescalating electricity demands worldwide.“Several factors impact the global outlook for coal-fired power generation. In addition togrowth in the demand for electricity, the abundance of coal as a fuel source and its lowcost compared to alternative energy solutions favor the continued use of coal for powergeneration around the world,” says Shelley Carr, associate publisher of SBI.Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide features a broadreview of the market for clean coal technologies for coal-fired electricity generation. Thereport provides a discussion of several of the technologies employed or in developmentto address the environmental impact of coal. The market demand for coal, electricity,and clean coal-fired electricity is quantified and projections for growth in demand areprovided, along with the key factors influencing said growth. The report also providesprofiles of 14 companies active in clean coal, and contains projected markets andtrends through 2013.About SBISBI (Specialists in Business Information) publishes research reports in the industrial,energy, building/construction, automotive/transportation and packaging markets. SBIalso offers a full range of custom research services.TABLE OF CONTENTSChapter 1: Executive Summary Overview Table 1-1: Environmental Challenges Presented by Various Coal Plant Emissions, 2008 Pollutant Emission Reductions Table 1-2: Comparison of Particulate Removal Systems, 2008 Conversion Efficiency Improvements
  5. 5. Table 1-3: Average Achievable Combustion Efficiency by Combustion Technology, 2008 Pulverized Coal Combustion Table 1-4: Pressure, Temperature, & Efficiency Comparison of PCC Steam Units, 2008 Fluidized Bed Combustion Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Carbon Capture and Sequestration Figure 1-1: Pathway to Zero Emissions Coal Combustion, 2008 Carbon Capture Carbon Transportation Carbon Sequestration Global Electricity Demand Figure 1-2: Global Electricity Generation, 2004-2008 (Billion kWh) Coal Power Generation Figure 1-3: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation Capacity, 2004-2008 (Gigawatt) Global Electricity Demand Projections Figure 1-4: Global Electricity Generation, 2009-2013 (Billion kWh) Outlook for Coal Power World Coal Reserves Competing Traditional and Alternative Power Technologies Clean Coal Outlook and Winning Technologies Figure 1-5: Global CCT Electricity Volume and Value, 2009-2013 (Volume in Terawatt hour; Value in $ M) Figure 1-6: Clean Coal Electricity Generation by Technology, 2009-2013 (Terawatt hours) Report Scope Report Format Report Methodology Abbreviations Table 1-5: Abbreviations Utilized in ReportChapter 2: Technology Types Overview Coal Table 2-1: Top Five Producers of World Hard Coal, 2008 Coal Extraction Power Conversion Table 2-2: World Electricity Generated from Coal, 2008 Environmental Impact Table 2-3: Environmental Challenges Presented by Various Coal Plant Emissions, 2008 Table 2-4: Average Emission Rates from Coal-Fired Electricity Generation, 2008 Table 2-5: Clean Coal Technologies and Emissions Addressed, 2008 Emissions Pollutant Emission Reductions
  6. 6. Coal PreparationFlue Gas Cleanup SystemsParticulate Removal SystemsTable 2-6: Comparison of Particulate Removal Systems, 2008Fabric FiltersElectrostatic PrecipitatorsFigure 2-1: Electrostatic Precipitator Overhead View, 2008Wet Particulate ScrubbersFlue Gas DesulfurizationFigure 2-2: Particulate and Sulfur Dioxide Removal in Pulverized CoalCombustion Process, 2008Table 2-7: Comparison of Flue Gas Desulphurization Systems, 2008Wet ScrubbersDry ScrubbersCirculating Fluid Bed ScrubbersMoving Bed Dry ScrubbersSpray Dry ScrubbersSorbent Injection ProcessesFurnace Sorbent Injection ProcessEconomizer Sorbent Injection ProcessDuct Sorbent Injection ProcessHybrid Sorbent InjectionNitrogen Oxide Reduction SystemsTable 2-8: Comparison of Nitrogen Oxide-Reducing Flue Gas Systems, 2008Selective Catalytic ReductionSelective Non-Catalytic ReductionConversion Efficiency ImprovementsFigure 2-3: Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Coal-Fired Power Plants at VariousEfficiencies, 2008 (tonnes/MWh)Table 2-9: Average Achievable Combustion Efficiency by CombustionTechnology, 2008Pulverized Coal Combustion TechnologiesFigure 2-4: Pulverized Coal Combustion Process, 2008Table 2-10: Pressure, Temperature, & Efficiency Comparison of PCC SteamUnits, 2008Subcritical Pulverized Coal CombustionSupercritical Pulverized Coal CombustionUltra-Supercritical Pulverized Coal CombustionFluidized Bed CombustionBubbling Fluidized Bed CombustionAtmospheric Bubbling Fluidized Bed CombustionPressurized Bubbling Fluidized Bed CombustionCirculating Fluidized Bed CombustionIntegrated Gasification Combined CycleFigure 2-5: Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Combustion Process, 2008Carbon Capture and Sequestration
  7. 7. Figure 2-6: Pathway to Zero Emissions Coal Combustion, 2008 Carbon Capture Figure 2-7: Carbon Capture Options in Development, 2008 Pre-Combustion Capture Oxyfuel Combustion Post Combustion Capture Chemical Looping Combustion Carbon Transportation Carbon Sequestration Figure 2-8: Carbon Sequestration Options, 2008 Geological Sequestration Deep Saline Formations Deep Coal Seams Depleted Oil and Gas Fields Other Geological Storage Terrestrial Sequestration Oceanic Sequestration Chemical ConversionChapter 3: Market Size and Segmentation Overview Global Coal Production Figure 3-1: Global Coal Productiona, 2004-2008 (Million Tonnes) Global Coal Consumption Figure 3-2: Global Coal Consumption, 2004-2008 (Quadrillion Btu) Table 3-1: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Member Nations, 2008 Coal Consumption by Sector Figure 3-3: Global Coal Consumption by Sector, 2008 (percent) Global Electricity Demand Figure 3-4: Global Electricity Generation, 2004-2008 (Billion kWh) Coal Power Generation Figure 3-5: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation Capacity, 2004-2008 (Gigawatts) Regional Coal Power Generation Figure 3-6: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation by Region, 2008 (percent) Figure 3-7: Coal Power Generation by Regiona, 2004-2009 (Billion kWh) Clean Coal Technologies Environmental Impact of Coal Carbon Dioxide Sulfur Dioxide Nitrogen Oxides Mercury Lead Particulates Figure 3-8: Typical Sulfur Dioxide Emissions of Coal Power Technologies (mg/ m3)
  8. 8. Figure 3-9: Typical Nitrogen Oxides Emissions of Coal Power Technologies (mg/m3) Figure 3-10: Typical Carbon Dioxide Emissions of Coal Power Technologies (g/kWh) Figure 3-11: Global Clean Coal Technology Electricity Volume and Value, 2004- 2008 (Volume in Terawatt hour; Value in $ M) Pulverized Coal Combustion Subcritical Pulverized Coal Combustion Figure 3-12: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation using Sub-Critical Plants, 2004-2008 (Terawatt hour) Super and Ultra-Supercritical Pulverized Coal Combustion Figure 3-13: Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Coal-Fired Power Plants at Various Efficiencies, 2008 (tonnes/MWh) Table 3-2 Recent Ultra Supercritical Plants in China Figure 3-14: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation using Super/Ultra-Critical Plants, 2004-2008 (Terawatt hour) Fluidized Bed Combustion Figure 3-15: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation Using FBC Plants, 2004- 2008 (Terawatt hour) Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Figure 3-16: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation using IGCC Plants, 2004- 2008 (Terawatt hour) Carbon Capture and Sequestration Figure 3-17: Carbon Sequestration Options, 2008Chapter 4: Market Factors and Projections Overview Global Coal Supply Trends Global Coal Demand Trends Regional Coal Demand Trends North America Europe Australasia Global Electricity Demand Projections Figure 4-1: Global Electricity Generation, 2009-2013 (Billion kWh) Outlook for Coal Power World Coal Reserves Competing Traditional and Alternative Power Technologies Natural Gas Fuel Conversion Electricity Generation and Sustainability Table 4-1: World Electricity Generated from Natural Gas, 2008 Table 4-2: World’s Proved Reserves of Natural Gas, 2008 Environmental Impact Nuclear Fuel Conversion Electricity Generation and Sustainability
  9. 9. Table 4-3: World Electricity Generated from Nuclear, 2008Environmental ImpactHydroelectricElectricity Generation and SustainabilityTable 4-4: World Electricity Generated from Hydroelectric, 2008Environmental ImpactWindElectricity Generation and SustainabilityTable 4-5: World Electricity Generated from Wind, 2008Environmental ImpactSolarElectricity Generation and SustainabilityTable 4-6: World Electricity Generated from Solar, 2008Environmental ImpactTable 4-7: Cost and Sustainability of World Electricity Generation by Fuel Type,2008Figure 4-2: Coal Power Generation by Regiona, 2009- 2013 (Billion kWh)Environmental Impact of CoalGreenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction InitiativesThe Kyoto ProtocolFigure 4-3: Kyoto Protocol Ratifying NationsTable 4-8: Kyoto Protocol Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets (% change from1990 level)European Union Emissions Trading SystemKeidanren Voluntary Action PlanNew South Wales Greenhouse Gas Abatement SchemeGreenhouse Gas Reduction Initiatives in the United StatesCalifornia Global Warming Solutions ActRegional Greenhouse Gas InitiativeWestern Climate InitiativePublic Perception and Policy Debate in the United StatesProponents of CoalOpponents of CoalCurrent Status of United States Policy on Clean CoalClean Coal Outlook and Winning TechnologiesChinaUnited StatesIndiaJapanEuropeAustraliaSouth AfricaRelative Performance and Cost of Clean Coal TechnologiesFigure 4-4: Relative Total Capital Requirements for Clean Coal Technologies(Dollars per kilowatt capacity)
  10. 10. Figure 4-5: Relative Levelized Cost of Electricity for Clean Coal Technologies (Cents per kilowatt hour) Clean Coal Forecast Figure 4-6: Global Clean Coal Technology Electricity Volume and Value, 2009- 2013 (Volume in Terawatt hour; Value in $ M) Figure 4-7: Clean Coal Electricity Generation by Technology, 2009-2013 (Terawatt hours) Carbon Capture and Storage - Outlook European Union Investment in Carbon Capture and Sequestration Table 4-9: Carbon Capture and Sequestration Funding in the European Union, 2008 Australian Investment in Clean Coal TechnologiesChapter 5: Participant Profiles Overview Table 5-1: Description of Companies ProfiledAlstom Table 5-2: Alstom Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesAmerican Electric Power Table 5-3: American Electric Power Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesBP Table 5-4: BP Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Company News Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesCitigroup Table 5-5: Citigroup Profile Corporate Background
  11. 11. Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesConocoPhillips Table 5-6: ConocoPhillips Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesDuke Energy Table 5-7: Duke Energy Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesFoster Wheeler, Incorporated Table 5-8: Foster Wheeler, Incorporated Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Company News Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesGeneral Electric Table 5-9: General Electric Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesMerrill Lynch Table 5-10: Merrill Lynch Profile Corporate Background
  12. 12. Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesMorgan Stanley Table 5-11: Morgan Stanley Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Table 5-12: Morgan Stanley Product Mix, Pre and Post Smith Barney Merger, 2008 and 2008 pro forma (percent) Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesPraxair, Incorporated Table 5-13: Praxair, Incorporated Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Company News Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesRoyal Dutch Shell Table 5-14: Royal Dutch Shell Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesSiemens Table 5-15: Siemens Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesTampa Electric Company
  13. 13. Table 5-16: Tampa Electric Company Profile Corporate Background Product and Brand Portfolio Table 5-17: Tampa Electric Power Plants, 2009 Performance Acquisitions and Divestitures Innovation Outlook Personnel ChangesAvailable immediately for Online Download athttp://www.marketresearch.com/product/display.asp?productid=1926747US: 800.298.5699UK +44.207.256.3920Intl: +1.240.747.3093Fax: 240.747.3004

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