1. ARTHUR M. SCHLESINGER, JR.Brought to you byAmanda Roddey, Jill Reinholt, Laura Sturchio,and Maddy Haderlein
2. FIRST, PRONUNCIATION
3. Born in Columbus, Ohio in 1917Attended HarvardUniversityTHE EARLY LIFE
4. POLITICAL INFLUENCE Wrote for the Office of War Information duringWWII and then the Office of Strategic Services Best known for his work as the historian for theKennedy administration Worked on both John F. Kennedy and RobertKennedy’s presidential campaigns Leader of anti-communist liberals Called for the impeachment of Nixon anddenounced the impeachment of Clinton
5. Wrote more than 20 books that provoked discussionsabout America’s past Including: The Age of Jackson What About Communism? Cycles of American History The Disuniting of America: Reflections on a MulticulturalSociety Won two Pulitzer Prizes and one National Book Award The New York Times stated, “Mr. Schlesinger saw lifeas a walk through history.”HIS WORK
6. Did not observe political correctness Staunchly anti-Communist Founder of the Americans for Democratic Action, the best-known liberal pressure group Once stated: “What the hell,” in response to a question fromthe Washington Post about his attack on multiculturalism.“You have to call them as you see them. This too shall pass.”PERSONAL PHILOSOPHY
7. Highly valued history and its power to influence today’s ideasand events Believed everyone must use what they know about the past todetermine how it will affect the present “Science and Technology revolutionize our lives, but memory,tradition and myth frame our response. Expelled from individualconsciousness by the rush of change, history finds its revenge bystamping the collective unconscious with habits, values,expectations, dreams. The dialectic between past and future willcontinue to form our lives.” Arthur SchlesingerPERSONAL PHILOSOPHY
8. Since today’s world is speeding up with all of thetechnological advances, recent history is important to analyzeand should be a center of focus in American education. Learners should push to be given more evidence, as well asprovide more evidence to support their beliefs.EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHYCommon Core?
9. Encouraged citizens to criticize what they see and what theyare told Pushed citizens to learn from the mistakes of the past Students should learn to fight for autonomy and VOICE!! On Schlesinger, after his death: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=7667081EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY
10. While Schlesinger was growing up, his parents lost faith in theeducational system because of a teacher’s false statementthat people from Albania were called Albino’s and had whitehair and pink eyes…WHAT WAS WRONG WITH EDUCATION?
11. "Now we look back and see the roles of women, the role ofminorities, and it gives a different cast to American history."AfrocentricEducation?For an article in favor of Afrocentric Curricula:http://ww2.valdosta.edu/~cawalker/afrocentric.htmWRITING HISTORY, TEACHING HISTORYIs this the way to right history?
13. Schlesinger objected multiculturalism and separateness ofmany different cultures and traditions Thought that if too much influence is put on one’s originalculture, there cannot be a simultaneous unified Americanculture Emphasized the principles of “the Melting Pot” Stressed the importance of a national identity and the dangerof having many divided groups that strongly identifythemselves by their race or ethnicity Specifically because of the conflicts that occur because of differentbeliefs Also, within schools, bonds need to be strengthened in order to avoid“tribalization”MULTICULTURALISM VS. THE MELTING POT
14. MULTICULTURALISM VS. THE MELTING POTThe “oldschool” andSchlesinger:The Melting PotThe “newschool”:The Salad BowlWhat were you taught?
15. “Schlesinger shows that diversity has been America’strademark since inception. Our unique admixture of peopleshas prompted both native-born and foreign observers to ask:what can hold so variegated a nation together” (MacDonald1992) Today, says Schlesinger, the American identity is in jeopardyas multiculturalism and Afrocentrism elevate racial and ethnicties over national affiliation (MacDonald 1992)http://www.commentarymagazine.com/article/the-disuniting-of-america-by-arthur-m-schlesinger-jr/MULTICULTURALISM VS. THE MELTING POT
16. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR TODAY?
17. African-Americans, Native Americans, Asians and Hispanicsaren’t able to assimilate in the American mainstream as easilyas Europeans Non-white groups stress their culture and heritage American society no longer seen as a “melting pot” but as a“salad bowl” All individuals represent a separate, but equally important piece of thesalad. No one has to change, or melt, to be an American. In some areas the white population is no longer themajority, which threatens a historically dominant culture Tensions about introducing English as the official language in theU.S.TROUBLE IN PARADISE
18. Many ethnicities and nationalities makes up the currentUnited States “…before they were us, they were them” –Barack Obama each and every group came from somewhere but now WE are one Obama on multiculturalism: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aiXuEk_CyWsALLEGIANCE ABOVE ALL?
19. From the viewpoint of Sonia Nieto:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIvmbFKIXvEWHAT ABOUT MULTICULTURALEDUCATION?
20. Children should know and understand theircultural history and identityBUT, this should NOT take away from theiridentity as an AmericanUNITY, under a single national identity, is whatwill keep our country togetherWWSD:WHAT WOULD SCHLESINGER DO?
21. How should our students be educated?How important is one’s culture outside of being“American”?What history do you want your children tolearn?WHAT DO YOU THINK?
22. WHAT DO YOU THINK?What will our children be taught?
23. A New York Times article written after hisdeath:FOR MORE INFORMATION
24. Asante, Molefi Kete. (Accessed June 8, 2013(. “Afrocentric Curriculum.” Retrieved from:http://ww2.valdosta.edu/~cawalker/afrocentric.htm”Arthur Scheslinger, Jr.” (Accessed June 8, 2013) Retrievedfrom:http://www.notablebiographies.com /Ro-Sc/Schlesinger-Jr-Arthur.html#ixzz2VUNIIlGBBates, Karen Grigsby. (March 1 , 2007). “Historian Arthur Schlesinger Dies.” Retrievedfrom:http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=7667081Block , Melissa. (March 01 , 2007). “Colleague Recalls Historian Arthur Schlesinger.” Retrievedfrom: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=7673292Cunlif fe, Marcus. "Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr." Pastmasters: Some Essays on American Historians.Edited by Marcus Cunlif fe and Robin Winks. New York: Harper and Row, 1969.Martin, Douglass. (March 1 , 2007). “Arthur Schlesinger, Historian of Power, Dies at 89.”Retrieved from:http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/01/washington/01schlesinger.html?pagewanted= all&_r=1&McDonald, Heather. (June 1992). “The Disuniting of America, by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.”Retrieved from: http ://www.commentarymagazine.com /article/the-disuniting-of-america-by-arthur-m-schlesinger-jr/Schlesinger, Arthur M . (Mar 1 1967) “On the Writing of Contemporary History”. Retrieved from:http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/ 1967/03/on-the-writing-of-contemporary -history/305731/REFERENCES