Mangione_Freire

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A Primer on Paulo Freire

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Mangione_Freire

  1. 1. + Pedagogy of the Oppressed Paulo Freire
  2. 2. + Who is Paulo Freire?  Take a look at this brief biography on Freire  How did his life experiences influence his thinking and ideas that we see in Pedagogy of the Oppressed?
  3. 3. + Critical Pedagogy  Freire was a critical pedagogy theorist – but what does that mean? Click here to find out more about it  Our old friend John Dewey was also influential in the field of critical pedagogy, but perhaps some of the other authors we‟ve read would agree with these ideas as well – what do you think?
  4. 4. + Methods of Education Check out this video for a quick review on what Freire wrote about the banking concept of education vs. the problem- posing method
  5. 5. + Banking or Problem-Posing?  Freire makes a strong case for the problem-posing method of education. Teachers can certainly learn from their students, and dialogue is very important in the classroom.  How do you feel about his transfer of oppression to the school setting? This can be looked at in a couple ways…  Oppression of minorities  Oppression of student by teacher (regardless of race, culture, gender, age, etc.)
  6. 6. + With which method would the other authors we have studied agree? PROBLEM-POSING METHOD BANKING CONCEPT
  7. 7. + Banned  Freire‟s Pedagogy of the Oppressed was banned from schools in Tucson, Arizona earlier this year, along side the suspension controversy of Tucson‟s Mexican American Studies program.  The ban on Freire is based on his political leanings toward socialism, but the developers of the MAS program simply liked his ideas about education.  As Julio Cammarota said, “„Why aren‟t they talking about Jack London? Why aren‟t they talking about Steinbeck or Orwell? All of them were open socialists.‟”  What do you think? Is this ban Freire‟s oppression at work?
  8. 8. + The Oppressed: Who Are They?  There are different ways that people can be oppressed – just think of all the types of prejudices that exist in our society  Social relations are dynamic and contextual  How about “adultism”, that is, the “overbearing domination of adults” over children? Here, Freire‟s ideas are applied to Maria Montessori‟s
  9. 9. + Overcoming Injustice  Watch this interview with Freire  He supported multicultural education, which is apparent in his discussion about tolerance of other languages  He also says people need to learn the dominant syntax to overcome injustice  What do you make of this in terms of what he said about the oppressed enabling their situation by buying into the conditions set forth by the oppressed?
  10. 10. + The Complexity of the Issue  We‟ve already discussed the delicate and elaborate nature of education‟s role in this country  Even after his death, Freire‟s work lives on  “Democracy is a fragile entity…Understanding these diverse dimensions and structures that shape schooling and the knowledge it conveys is necessary…to the very survival of democratic schooling – not to mention the continued existence of democracy itself.”  Do you think critical pedagogy can account for the complexity of improving education? If so, how? If not, why?
  11. 11. + References About paulo friere. (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2012, from http://www.pedagogyoftheoppressed.com/author/ Education as human liberation (n.d.). Retrieved November 18, 2012, from http://www.csupomona.edu/~plin/ls201/montess_freire2.html Kincheloe, J. L. (n.d.) Retrieved November 18, 2012, from http://www.freireproject.org/Freire_Critical_Pedagogy_Project_Description Kylarayen. (2012, March 13). Freire‟s banking concept of education [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QoxHpNYFg5E LiteracyDotOrg. (2009, December 30). Paulo freire – an incredible conversation [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFWjnkFypFA Planas, R. (2012, April 19). Neither banned nor allowed: Mexican american studies in limbo in arizona. Retrieved from http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/news/2012/04/19/neither-banned-nor-allowed-mexican- american-studies-in-limbo-in-arizona/ What is critical pedagogy? (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2012 from http://www.21stcenturyschools.com/What_is_Critical_Pedagogy.htm
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