Chinese mythology

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A Primer on Chinese Mythology

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Chinese mythology

  1. 1. By:  Binah,  Brennyan,  and  David  
  2. 2. ¡  Chinese  mythology  was  influenced  by  a  fear  of  outsiders  and  religious  faiths  and  philosophies  ¡  Gods  created  through  mix  of  ideals    §  Common  sense  of  Confucius  §  Ritual  of  Daoism  §  Spirituality  of  Buddhism    ¡  Known  for  its  sense  of  humor  ¡  Used  as  factual  recording  of  history    ¡  Jade  Emperor  –  ruler  of  Heaven  and  all  realms  of  existence  below  Earth  and  Hell        
  3. 3. ¡  Universe  was  a  black  egg  where  Heaven  and  Earth  mixed  together  ¡  Inside  the  egg  was  Pandu    ¡  Felt  suffocated  inside  and  broke  egg  in  half  with  axe  ¡  Light  clear  part  of  egg  ascended  to  become  Heaven  ¡  Dark  cold  part  of  egg  descended  to  become  Hell    
  4. 4. ¡  Breath  became  wind  and  clouds  ¡  Voice  became  thunder    ¡  Eyes  became  sun  and  moon    ¡  Hair  and  beard  became  stars  in  sky    ¡  Flowers  and  tree  came  from  his  skin  ¡  Bones  became  jade  and  pearl  ¡  Sweat  became  rain  that  nourished  earth    
  5. 5. •  Cheng-­‐Huang:  God  of  moats  and  walls  •  Chu  Jung:  God  of  fire  •  Kuan  Ti:  God  of  war  •  Kwan  Yin:  Goddess  of  mercy  and  compassion  •  Lei  Kun:  God  of  thunder  •  Pan-­‐Chin-­‐Lien:  Goddess  of  prostitutes  •  Ti-­‐Tsang  Wang:  God  of  mercy  •  TShai-­‐Shen:  God  of  Wealth  •  Tsao-­‐Wang:  God  of  Hearth  
  6. 6. •  The  Unicorn  –  Symbolizes  longevity,  grandeur,  contentment,  illustrious  offspring  and  wise  administration  –  Noblest  of  animals  and  the  King  of  Beasts  •  The  Red  Bird  (Phoenix)  –  Symbolizes  sun  and  warmth,  summer  and  harvest  –  Born  of  fire  and  the  Emperor  of  Birds  •  The  Tortoise  (Black  Warrior)  –  Symbolizes    longevity,  strength,  endurance,  winter  and  the  universe      –  Ruler  of  the  northern  quadrant  of  Heaven  –  Back  represents  the  sky,  belly  symbolizes  Earth  –  Chief  of  Shell  Animals  •  The  Dragon  –  Represents  spring,  the  color  green/blue,  propriety,  conflict,  and  bliss  –  Symbolizes  rain  and  the  Emperors  power  •  The  White  Tiger  –  Represents  the  season  fall,  the  color  white,  wind,  and  righteousness  
  7. 7. ¡  Creation  of  the  world  and  the  four  flood  myth  stories  ¡  Control  of  catastrophe  through  moral  qualities  of  the  warrior  hero  ¡  Divine  warfare  and  cosmic  destruction  ¡  Second  beginnings  of  the  world  by  warriors  ¡  Warrior  heroes  and  moral  heroes  
  8. 8. ¡  About  an  intelligent  and  strong  mythological  character,  Sun  Wukong,  (aka  The  Monkey  King)  who  was  born  out  of  stone    ¡  Wukong  rebels  against  Heaven  and  embarks  on  a  journey  with  a  monk,  named  Xuan  Zang,  to  bring  back  religious  texts  from  India  ¡  Journey  incorporates  Chinese  fables,  fairy  tales,  legends,  superstitions  and  popular  beliefs  ¡  Monkey  King  demonstrates  prowess  and  wisdom  ¡  Story  presents  a  rebellious  spirit  fighting  authoritative  rulers  ¡  Trailer:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pbxPWChoYo  
  9. 9. ¡  Chinese  mythology…  §  Explains  the  creation  of  the  world  from  the  Chinese  point  of  view  §  Tells  stories  of  heroes  embarking  on  enlightening  journeys  to  become  better  people  §  Is  the  foundation  for  modern  stories  and  ideas  §  Influences  readers  to  emulates  these  heroes  and  adopt  a  wide  variety  of  beneficial  ideals  and  philosophies      
  10. 10. ¡  Super  Mario  Bros  ¡  “Dragon  Ball  Z”    ¡  “League  Of  Legends”    ¡  “Fruits  Basket”  ¡  The  Forbidden  Kingdom  
  11. 11. ¡  Video  Game  Franchise  §  Bowser,  the  arch-­‐nemesis  of  Mario,  is  a  well  known  dragon  turtle,  turtle  with  a  dragon  head  
  12. 12. •  Television  show  §  Goku,  protagonist,  shares  similarities  with  Wukng  from  “Journey  to  the  West”    §  Similarities:  Both…  ▪  have  a  defining  moment  that  shows  good  vs.  evil  ▪  have  a  staff  that  extends  and  is  magic  ▪  have  a  magic  floating  cloud  ▪  are  related  to  monkeys,  as  Goku  has  a  monkey  tail  and  has  the  ability  to  transform  into  a  giant  rampaging  monkey  ▪  Find  companions  throughout  their  journeys  that  are  similar  to  their  counterparts  ▪  Defend  the  earth  from  evil  ▪  Comparison:  http://www.myfavoritegames.com/dragonball-­‐z/info/JourneyToTheWest.htm    §  Visually  similar:  ▪  Dragon  Ball  Z  intro:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kZzz6bEGZeA    ▪  Journey  to  the  West  Animation:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DOiqcEB_7_w    
  13. 13. •  Popular  PC  game    –  Features  a  champion  named  “Wukong”  –  Similarities:  Both…  ▪  have  clouds  and  extendo-­‐staffs  ▪  were  inspired  by  Wu  Kong    
  14. 14. ¡  “Fruits  Basket”:  Japanese  Anime  §  Features  characters  that  transform  into  creatures  of  Chinese  Zodiac  ¡  The  Forbidden  Kingdom:  (2008)  film  §  Based  loosely  on  The  Journey  to  the  West    §  Trailer:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t8_jG56mEo  
  15. 15. ¡  http://www.livingmyths.com/Chinese.htm  ¡  http://www.crystalinks.com/chinamythology.html      ¡  http://www.augustphoenix.com/studypages/fourcreatures.htm    ¡  http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/ssu-­‐ling.shtml    ¡  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ecwkIvinb2k  
  16. 16. ¡  http://www.myfavoritegames.com/dragonball-­‐z/info/JourneyToTheWest.htm    ¡  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kZzz6bEGZeA    ¡  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DOiqcEB_7_w  ¡  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t8_jG56mEo  ¡  http://mythome.org/chinesemythhistory.html  ¡  http://blog.chinesehour.com/?p=560  ¡  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pbxPWChoYo  

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