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Shrinkage and culture as a tool to counteract it Yvonne Rijpers & Mark Verhijde
Creative economy – outline  <ul><li>Focus of local policies </li></ul><ul><li>Most dynamic in the world </li></ul><ul><li>...
Creative economy – a chance? <ul><li>Catalyst for local economy </li></ul><ul><li>Creative economy as a tool to fight econ...
Manchester
Liverpool
Essen
Heerlen <ul><li>Core of mono-functional (mining) region </li></ul><ul><li>Shrinkage due to a combination of causes: </li><...
<ul><li>Ageing population </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly native inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>Low-income population </li></ul><u...
Heerlen – culture and creative industry <ul><ul><ul><li>TNO on Southern Tripool:  small & fragile base, some interesting o...
Heerlen – strategy <ul><li>TNO research as starting point.  </li></ul><ul><li>Policy on creative industry with focus on: <...
Young Urban Culture <ul><li>Attracting International Break-dance Event (IBE) </li></ul><ul><li>Wish to regain the educated...
Creative entrepreneurship and business <ul><li>Facilitating artists and business with workspace and cultural-economic  mee...
Cultural heritage & tourism <ul><li>Hoensbroek Castle & Snowworld </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural events; festivals and fairs <...
Culture and citizen participation <ul><li>Culture ‘brokers’ for art projects in neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Urban gard...
Conclusions & recommendations  <ul><li>Culture: mainly a tool for economic regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: employmen...
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Shrinkage and culture as a tool to counteract it

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Presentatie Yvonne Rijpers &amp; Mark Verhijde voor conferentie Shrinkage in Europe 2011.

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Transcript of "Shrinkage and culture as a tool to counteract it"

  1. 1. Shrinkage and culture as a tool to counteract it Yvonne Rijpers & Mark Verhijde
  2. 2. Creative economy – outline <ul><li>Focus of local policies </li></ul><ul><li>Most dynamic in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Fuelled by Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Fierce competition on a global level for creative industries and creative class </li></ul>
  3. 3. Creative economy – a chance? <ul><li>Catalyst for local economy </li></ul><ul><li>Creative economy as a tool to fight economic decline </li></ul><ul><li>Example: EU ‘Cultural Capital of Europe’ </li></ul><ul><li>However: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy to ‘build’ a creative city – widely disputed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What about the competition? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Manchester
  5. 5. Liverpool
  6. 6. Essen
  7. 7. Heerlen <ul><li>Core of mono-functional (mining) region </li></ul><ul><li>Shrinkage due to a combination of causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic: de-industrialization in the 1960’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demographic: ageing of the population </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Ageing population </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly native inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>Low-income population </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Flight of young people </li></ul>Heerlen – demography
  9. 9. Heerlen – culture and creative industry <ul><ul><ul><li>TNO on Southern Tripool: small & fragile base, some interesting options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creativity industry: 2,3% of workforce (2,9 % NL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annual growth: business 3,7%, jobs 0,7% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heerlen: little creative clustering </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heerlen: strong in theatres, stages, events </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heerlen: no clear focus of creative industry </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Heerlen – strategy <ul><li>TNO research as starting point. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy on creative industry with focus on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Young ‘urban’ culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative entrepreneurship and business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural heritage & tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture and citizen participation </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Young Urban Culture <ul><li>Attracting International Break-dance Event (IBE) </li></ul><ul><li>Wish to regain the educated youth </li></ul><ul><li>Look & feel of city are not accordingly </li></ul><ul><li>Double strategy: “They have to leave and come back.” </li></ul><ul><li>Research elsewhere points out: this does not happen </li></ul>
  12. 12. Creative entrepreneurship and business <ul><li>Facilitating artists and business with workspace and cultural-economic meeting spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Municipality is ‘creative’: with permits, rules & regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Not visible and no creative ‘look & feel’ </li></ul><ul><li>No monitoring on effects </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cultural heritage & tourism <ul><li>Hoensbroek Castle & Snowworld </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural events; festivals and fairs </li></ul><ul><li>Regional centre for theatres, films, music </li></ul><ul><li>Mix of cultural and non-cultural attractions (IKEA) </li></ul><ul><li>Too many non-cultural attractions? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Culture and citizen participation <ul><li>Culture ‘brokers’ for art projects in neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Urban gardening on vacant lots between neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Creating sense of pride and empowerment among population </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusions & recommendations <ul><li>Culture: mainly a tool for economic regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: employment & tourism, not specific cultural sector </li></ul><ul><li>Main USP: easily accessible and flexible space </li></ul><ul><li>Competition: no intension or strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Policy effects: unknown – monitoring is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Make explicit choice for Heerlen as node of shrinking region </li></ul>
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