Wwf ecoregions of texas and malaysia

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  • 1. WWF Ecoregions of Texas and Malaysia
    Dr. Mark McGinley
    Fulbright Visiting Scholar
    Institute of Biological Sciences
    University of Malaya
  • 2. Ecoregions
    According to WWF
    “an ecoregion is a relatively large unit of land that contains geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities with boundaries that approximate the original extent of natural communities prior to major land use change.”
  • 3. Ecoregions
    Ecoregions
    share a large majority of their species and ecological dynamics;
    share similar environmental conditions, and;
    interact ecologically in ways that are critical for their long-term persistence.
    http://www.eoearth.org/article/Ecoregions_of_the_world_(WWF)
  • 4. WWF Ecoregions
    Divided the earth into eight “biogeographic realms”
    Australasia
    Neotropic
    Antarctic
    Aftrotropic
    Oceania
    Indo-Malayan
    Nearctic
    Palearctic
  • 5. WWF Ecoregions
    WWF has identified 867 terrestrial ecoregions across the earth!!
    Within a biogeographic realm these ecoregions are organized in “community types.”
  • 6. WWF Ecoregions of TexasTropical & Subtropical Coniferous Forests
    Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests
    Dominant plants
    Pines (Pinus) and Oaks (Quercus)
  • 7. WWF Ecoregions of TexasTemperate Broadleaf & Mixed Forests
    East Central Texas forests
    Dominant plants
    Oaks (Quercus) and Hickories (Careya)
  • 8. WWF Ecoregions of TexasTemperate Coniferous forests
    Arizona Mountain forests
    Dominant plants
    Pines (Pinus) and other gymnosperms
    Piney Woods forest
    Dominant plants
    Pines (Pinus)
  • 9. WWF Ecoregions of TexasTropical & Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, & Shrublands
    Western Gulf coastal grasslands
    Dominant plants
    Grasses (Family Poaceae)
  • 10. WWF Ecoregions of TexasTemperate Grasslands, Savannas, & Shrublands
    Central forest grassland transition
    Dominant plants
    Trees and Grasses
  • 11. WWF Ecoregions of TexasTemperate Grasslands, Savannas, & Shrublands
    Edwards Plateau savanna
    Dominant plants
    Junipers (Juniperus), Oaks (Quercus) and Mesquite (Prosopis)
  • 12. WWF Ecoregions of TexasTemperate Grasslands, Savannas, & Shrublands
    Texas blackland prairies
    Dominant plants
    Grasses (Family Poaceae)
  • 13. WWF Ecoregions of TexasTemperate Grasslands, Savannas, & Shrublands
    Western short grasslands
    Dominant plants
    Grasses (Family Poaceae)
  • 14. WWF Ecoregions of TexasDeserts & Xeric Shrublands
    Chihuahuan Desert
    Dominant plants
    Crosote (Larreatridentata), other desert shrubs, and cacti
  • 15. WWF Ecoregions of TexasDeserts & Xeric Shrublands
    Tamaulipanmezquital
    Dominant plants
    Mesquite (Prosopis) and Grasses
  • 16. WWF Ecoregions of Texas
    (references)
    • Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests
    • 17. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Sierra_Madre_Occidental_pine-oak_forests
    • 18. East central Texas forests
    • 19. http://www.eoearth.org/article/East_Central_Texas_forests
    • 20. Arizona Mountains forest
    • 21. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Arizona_Mountains_forests
    • 22. Piney Woods forests
    • 23. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Piney_Woods_forests
    • 24. West Gulf coast grasslands
    • 25. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Piney_Woods_forests
    • 26. Central and Southern mixed grasslands
    • 27. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Central_and_Southern_mixed_grasslands
  • WWF Ecoregions of Texas(references)
    Central forest-grassland transition
    http://www.eoearth.org/article/Central_forest-grasslands_transition
    Edwards Plateau savanna
    http://www.eoearth.org/article/Edwards_Plateau_savanna
    Texas Blackland Prairies
    http://www.eoearth.org/article/Texas_blackland_prairies
    Western short grasslands
    http://www.eoearth.org/article/Western_short_grasslands
    Chihuahuandeseret
    http://www.eoearth.org/article/Chihuahuan_desert
    Tamaulipanmezquital
    http://www.eoearth.org/article/Tamaulipan_mezquital
  • 28. WWF Ecoregions of Texas
    Summary of Dominant Plants
    Oaks
    Pines
    Grasses
    Desert Shrubs
  • 29. WWF Ecoregions of MalaysiaTropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    Dominant plants
    Dipterocarps and other tropical trees
  • 30. WWF Ecoregions of MalaysiaTropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    Borneo montane rainforests
    Dominant plants
    Araucariaceae, Clethraceae, Ericaceae, Fagaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Podocarpaceae, Symplocaceae, and Theaceae
  • 31. WWF Ecoregions of MalaysiaTropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    Borneo peat swamp forests
    Dominant plants
    Dipterocarps and other tropical tress
  • 32. WWF Ecoregions of MalaysiaTropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    Peninsular Malaysian montane rainforest
    Dominant plants
    Dipterocarps and other tropical trees
  • 33. WWF Ecoregions of MalaysiaTropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests
    Dominant plants
    Dipterocarps
  • 34. WWF Ecoregions of MalaysiaTropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    Peninsular Malaysian rainforest
    Dominant plants
    Dipterocarps
  • 35. WWF Ecoregions of MalaysiaTropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests
    Dominant plants
    Dipterocarps
  • 36. Ecoregions of MalaysiaMontane Grasslands and Savannas
    Kinabalumontane alpine forests
    Dominant plants
    Dipterocarpaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Leuminosae, Myristicaceae, and Sapotaceae, Ericaceae, Myrtaceae, Fagaceae, Lauraceae, Magnoliaceae, gymnosperms
  • 37. Ecoregions of MalaysiaMontane Grasslands and Savannas
    South China Sea Islands
    Dominant plants
    Tropical forest, scrub forest, and coastal scrub and grasses
  • 38. Ecoregions of MalaysiaMangroves
    Myanmar Coast mangroves
    Dominant plants
    mangroves
  • 39. Ecoregions of MalaysiaMangroves
    • Sunda Shelf mangroves
    • 40. Dominant plants
    • 41. mangroves
  • WWF Ecoregions of Malaysia)
    (references
    • Borneo Lowland Rain Forests
    • 42. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Borneo_lowland_rain_forests
    • 43. Borneo Montane Rain Forests
    • 44. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Borneo_montane_rain_forests
    • 45. Borneo Peat Swamp Forests
    • 46. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Borneo_peat_swamp_forests
    • 47. KinabaluMontane Alpine Meadows
    • 48. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Kinabalu_montane_alpine_meadows
    • 49. Myanmar Coast Mangroves
    • 50. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Myanmar_Coast_mangroves
    • 51. Peninsular Malaysian Montane Rain Forests
    • 52. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Peninsular_Malaysian_rain_forests
    • 53. Peninsular Malaysian Peat Swamp Forests
    • 54. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Peninsular_Malaysian_peat_swamp_forests
    • 55. Peninsular Malaysian Rain Forests
    • 56. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Peninsular_Malaysian_rain_forests
    • 57. South China Sea Islands
    • 58. http://www.eoearth.org/article/South_China_Sea_Islands
    • 59. Sunda Shelf Mangroves
    • 60. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Sunda_Shelf_mangroves
    • 61. Tenasserim-South Thailand Semi-evergreen Rain Forests
    • 62. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Tenasserim-South_Thailand_semi-evergreen_rain_forests
  • Ecoregions of Malaysia
    Dominant plant types
    Dipterocarps
    Other broad leaf tropical trees
    Mangroves