Wildlife Damages Animals may not avoid oil spills Oil coats animal’s bodies Oil that sticks to feathers and fur causes: Hypothermia Decreased Buoyancy Increased predation Malnutrition Damage scent Internal health problems
Hypothermia Destroys insulation and waterproof features Lanugo – wooly fur insulationBuoyancy Oiled feathers at weight Drowning of birds Fur seal pups Unable to stay afloat with oiled fins
Increased Predation Inability to fight off predators Matted feathers Oiled flippersMalnutrition Causes low body temperature Metabolism tries to combat cold, body weight diminishes Prey contamination
Damage Scent Coversscent of seal pups Rejection Abandonment StarvationInternal Health Ingestion causes ulcers Stomach bleeding Inflammation and infection
Prevention Offshore Oil Spill Prevention and Response Reassessing training protocols, equipment and procedures Plans for avoidance, control and shutdown of offshore operations Federally mandated Drilling blowout preventer Pipe rams and Shear rams
Expected Learning Outcomes What is an oil spill? What are 2 ways it affects wildlife? How can oil be cleaned from land? What is a BOP?