Malaysian Rainforests and        Indigenous Peoples(or Dr. McG’s Malaysian Vacations)         Dr. Mark A. McGinley  The Ho...
Forestry Research Institute of Malaysia
Dipterocarps
Dipterocarps• Dipterocarps are plants that are members of the  Family Diptocarpaceae, a family containing 17  genera and o...
Dipterocarps       • Dipterocarps dominate         forests in Borneo, Sumatra,         Java, the Malaysian         Peninsu...
“Night Safari” in Oil Palm Plantation
Orang Asli• Orang Asli (lit. "original people", "natural  people" or "aboriginal people" in Malay), is a  generic Malaysia...
Orang Asli• In 2000, the Orang Asli comprise only 0.5% of the  total population in Malaysia. Their population is  approxim...
Orang Asli• Orang Asli are traditionally animists, where  they believe in the presence of spirits in  various objects.• Ho...
Orang Asli• The government agency entrusted to oversee  the affairs of the Orang Asli is the Jabatan Hal  Ehwal Orang Asli...
Orang Asli• The Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954 provides for  the setting up and establishment of the Orang  Asli Reserve Land...
Orang Asli• The Orang Asli are theoretically classified  as Bumiputras,] a status signifying indigenity  to Malaysia which...
Orang Asli• The former Prime Minister of Malaysia,  Dr. Mahathir Mohamad said that Orang Asli were  not entitled more righ...
Typical Orang Asli Housing
Orang Asli Village in Taman Negara
Making Fire
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples  part 1
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples part 1

1,070

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,070
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Malaysian rainforests and indigenous peoples part 1

  1. 1. Malaysian Rainforests and Indigenous Peoples(or Dr. McG’s Malaysian Vacations) Dr. Mark A. McGinley The Honors College and Department of Biological Sciences Texas Tech University
  2. 2. Forestry Research Institute of Malaysia
  3. 3. Dipterocarps
  4. 4. Dipterocarps• Dipterocarps are plants that are members of the Family Diptocarpaceae, a family containing 17 genera and over 500 species.• The name dipterocarp comes from Greek (di = two, pteron = wing and karpos = fruit) and refers to the two-winged fruit produced by these trees.
  5. 5. Dipterocarps • Dipterocarps dominate forests in Borneo, Sumatra, Java, the Malaysian Peninsula, and wet regions of the Philippines. • Generally, dipterocarps are tall trees that produce straight smooth trunks. Some dipterocarps may grow up to 50 meters tall. Normally, dipterocarp trunks do not branch until they reach the canopy.
  6. 6. “Night Safari” in Oil Palm Plantation
  7. 7. Orang Asli• Orang Asli (lit. "original people", "natural people" or "aboriginal people" in Malay), is a generic Malaysian term used officially for non- Malays indigenous to Peninsular Malaysia.• Officially, there are 18 Orang Asli tribes, in three main groups according to their different languages and customs:Wikipedia- Orang Asli
  8. 8. Orang Asli• In 2000, the Orang Asli comprise only 0.5% of the total population in Malaysia. Their population is approximately 148,000.• The poverty rate among Orang Asli is 76.9%. – 35.2% of the population as being "hardcore poor".• The majority of Orang Asli live in rural areas.• In 1991, the literacy rate for the Orang Asli was 43% compared to the national rate of 86%.• They have an average life expectancy of 53 years. A high infant mortality rate is also evident with 51.7 deaths per 1000 births
  9. 9. Orang Asli• Orang Asli are traditionally animists, where they believe in the presence of spirits in various objects.• However, in the 21st century, many of them have embraced monotheistic religions such as Islam and Christianity
  10. 10. Orang Asli• The government agency entrusted to oversee the affairs of the Orang Asli is the Jabatan Hal Ehwal Orang Asli (Department of Orang Asli Affairs) (JHEOA). – objectives are to eradicate poverty among the Orang Asli, improving their health, promoting education, and improving their general livelihood.
  11. 11. Orang Asli• The Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954 provides for the setting up and establishment of the Orang Asli Reserve Land.• However, the Act also includes the power accorded to the Director-General of the JHEOA to order Orang Asli out of such reserved land at its discretion, and award compensation to affected people, also at its discretion.
  12. 12. Orang Asli• The Orang Asli are theoretically classified as Bumiputras,] a status signifying indigenity to Malaysia which – certain social, economic, and political rights, along with the Malays and the natives of Sabah and Sarawak. – However, this status is not mentioned in the constitution.
  13. 13. Orang Asli• The former Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dr. Mahathir Mohamad said that Orang Asli were not entitled more rights than Malays even though they were natives to the land – He compared the Orang Asli in Malaysia to Native Americans in the US, Maoris in New Zealand, and Aboriginals in Australia.• He was criticized by spokespeople and advocates for the Orang Asli who said that the Orang Asli desired to be recognized as the natives of Malaysia and that his statement would expose their land to businessmen and loggers.
  14. 14. Typical Orang Asli Housing
  15. 15. Orang Asli Village in Taman Negara
  16. 16. Making Fire
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×