Invasive species  kendall arthur
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Invasive species kendall arthur

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    Invasive species  kendall arthur Invasive species kendall arthur Presentation Transcript

    • InvasiveSpeciesBy Kendall Arthur
    • Invasive Species “An alien species whose introduction does or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health…” “ „Alien species‟ means, with respect to a particular ecosystem, any species that is not native to that ecosystem.”
    • Threats Disease Predators Competition Hybridization Habitat alteration  Example: Zebra Muscles
    • Disease Invasive species bring diseases not native to the ecosystem Detrimental to native species with no immunity Example:  Asian chestnut blight fungus  180 million acres of forest destroyed  Moth species living in chestnuts became extinct
    • Predators Reduce population sizes  No evolved defenses Extinction  Example: Brown Tree Snake  Introduced to Guam through ship cargo  Eliminated 10 of 11 species of bird species
    • Competition Invasivespecies are more efficient Native species are not as well adapted Example: North American gray squirrels  Introduced to Great Britain and Italy  Driving native red squirrels to extinction  Forage for nuts more efficiently
    • Hybridization Members of two different species mate and successfully reproduce Invasive species is more abundant Genes “flood” the native species  Forces extinction Genotype of native species phased out  No selection for reproductive isolating mechanisms
    • Habitat Alteration Introduced species alter the ecological make up Cause harm to native species Example: Zebra Mussels
    • Zebra Mussels Brought to U.S. (Great Lakes) from Russia in ballast of ships Filter large amounts of water Reduce densities of planktonic organisms Settle in dense masses over expansive areas 30 freshwater mussel species threatened with extinction by competition
    • Zebra Mussels
    • Zebra Mussels
    • Zebra MusselsLuna Pier Beach, Monroe A barge in Twin Cities, County, Michigan Minnesota
    • HumansThe Most Invasive of Species
    • We Industrialize
    • Pollution Chemical pollutants  Pesticides  SO2, CO, nitrogen oxides Changes metabolism  Chemical imbalances
    • Spread of Disease Bringdiseased animals from one place to another and infect native populations  Bird flu  Swine flu Self invasive species  Spread diseases across human populations
    • Spread of Diseases Hawaiian Islands  Habitat fragmentation  Habitat destruction  Alien species  Diseases
    • We Develop
    • Habitat Destruction Development of  Infrastructure  Agriculture Deforestation Waste dumping #1 cause of species extinction
    • Habitat Destruction In Europe, >85% natural habitat destroyed for agriculture California coastal wetlands shrunk by 90% over 150 years 98% usable agricultural area on Earth already developed
    • Deforestation 48% - Subsistence agriculture in poor countries 32% - Commercial agriculture 14% - Commercial Logging 6% - Charcoal and other fuel wood removal
    • Deforestation
    • Deforestation The Tropical Rainforests  Contain 50% of all 10 million species of plants, animals, and insects  50,000 disappear annually due to deforestation  “Lungs of our planet”
    • Deforestation The Amazon Rainforest  If destroyed, U.S. greenhouse gas emissions would increase 50 fold  90 indigenous tribes destroyed  Loss of…  Medicinal knowledge of plants, trees, and other species  Great economic value if sustained
    • Deforestation
    • We Innovate
    • Competition The ultimate competitors Make our own resources Can outcompete any species Exploiting resources
    • Overexploitation Hunting  Medicine  Clothing  Trophies Overfishing  Shark fin soup outlawed in California Overgrazing  Agriculture
    • But who suffers?
    • Extinction Main reason  Human overpopulation of the earth Extinction rate of species accelerated starting 1600 AD 80% of all extinctions due to habitat destruction by humans
    • One last thing….
    • We suffer We pose a threat to future generations We have negative effect on them, but they have no effect on us Must maintain the earth for the future We are the greatest threats to ourselves
    • In Conclusion… Invasive species are a danger to many different ecosystems Humans are the most invasive species What must be done?  Maintenance  Education  Reforms  Protection of ecosystems
    • Sources"FARM: Farm Animal Rights Movement." The Cost of Disappearing Rainforests. Google Blogger, 14 Oct 2010. Web. 21 Nov. 2011.Hogan, C Michael. ”Causes of Extinction." Encyclopedia of Earth. 2010. Web. 21 Nov 2011. <http:// www.eoearth.org/article/Causes_of_extinction? topic=58074>.Hogan, C Michael. “Deforestation.” Encyclopedia of Earth. 2010. Web. 21 Nov 2011. http://www.eoearth.org/ article/Deforestation?topic=58071McGinley, Mark. "Invasive species". Encyclopedia of Earth. 2010. Web. 21 Nov 2011. http://www.eoearth.org/article/ Invasive_species?topic=49513.