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Public Broadcasting Research Team 1E - Mark Boukes, Liza de Leeuw, Femke de Koning, Jan Peters
Public Broadcasting <ul><li>Public broadcasting: active on the platforms radio, television, internet and mobile telephony ...
History <ul><li>1951: Rise of television and Dutch Television Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>1956: All broadcasters provided...
Aims <ul><li>Divers information to enrich the population </li></ul><ul><li>Objective, robust and independent news </li></u...
What should it add? <ul><li>Different opinions from different points of view </li></ul><ul><li>“ Public service broadcasti...
What should it add? <ul><li>Different opinions from different points of view </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pluralism of media-conten...
What should it add? <ul><li>Different opinions from different points of view </li></ul><ul><li>Brand new cabinet (Rutte - ...
What should it add? <ul><li>Different opinions from different points of view </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists </li></ul><ul><l...
Role of public broadcasting <ul><li>High quality programs or programs that focus on a relatively small audience, which are...
Role of public broadcasting <ul><li>Deuze (2006): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Journalism is generally considered to be contributin...
Arguments against public broadcasting <ul><li>“ Unfair competition” </li></ul><ul><li>  Bennett (2004)  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Discussion What should public service broadcasting cost? <ul><li>NPO  - € 0,10  </li></ul><ul><li>BBC - € 1,40 per person ...
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Public broadcasting; what should it add, what should be its role and what are the arguments against it

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Public broadcasting; what should it add, what should be its role and what are the arguments against it

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  • Some form of marketfailure must lie at the heart of any concept of public service broadcasting. If public broadcasting would be the same as commercial broadcasting he would say that there is no right of existence for public broadcasters.
  • Some form of marketfailure must lie at the heart of any concept of public service broadcasting. If public broadcasting would be the same as commercial broadcasting he would say that there is no right of existence for public broadcasters.
  • If you won’t achieve to create high quality programs we will
  • Most scientists are extremely positive about the Dutch model of public broadcasting. The say that it provides high quality programs for a wide audience. They praise the system of dual accountability, which from one hand gives power to the audience with the public accountability. The public broadcasters will show programs that the public wants. The external accountability is maybe more important for the pluralistic content. A independent commission is periodically testing all broadcasters and give their advice about how to create a pluralistic program that fulfils the aim of the public broadcaster.
  • Transcript of "Public broadcasting; what should it add, what should be its role and what are the arguments against it"

    1. 1. Public Broadcasting Research Team 1E - Mark Boukes, Liza de Leeuw, Femke de Koning, Jan Peters
    2. 2. Public Broadcasting <ul><li>Public broadcasting: active on the platforms radio, television, internet and mobile telephony </li></ul><ul><li>The main purpose: to reach as many different groups in society with diverse and high quality content </li></ul>
    3. 3. History <ul><li>1951: Rise of television and Dutch Television Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>1956: All broadcasters provided by the NTS </li></ul><ul><li>1962: Competition Veronica </li></ul><ul><li>1964-1969: Overgangsbestel & The founding of the NOS </li></ul><ul><li>1987: The Dutch Medialaw constituted </li></ul><ul><li>1989: Commissionary for the Media founded </li></ul><ul><li>1998: NOS & NPS </li></ul><ul><li>2003: Criticism Public Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>2010: Announced large cutbacks of expenditures </li></ul>
    4. 4. Aims <ul><li>Divers information to enrich the population </li></ul><ul><li>Objective, robust and independent news </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a vibrant public sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of civic engagement </li></ul>
    5. 5. What should it add? <ul><li>Different opinions from different points of view </li></ul><ul><li>“ Public service broadcasting must inform, educate and entertain in a way which the private sector, left unregulated, would not do” </li></ul><ul><li>Former BBC-Chairman Gavyn Davies </li></ul>
    6. 6. What should it add? <ul><li>Different opinions from different points of view </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pluralism of media-content is what public broadcasting should provide for a wide audience” </li></ul>Chairman NPO - Henk Hagoort “ The public broadcaster is responsible for the production and spread of a pluralistic supply of high quality programs on the areas of information, culture, education and entertainment” (source npo.nl)
    7. 7. What should it add? <ul><li>Different opinions from different points of view </li></ul><ul><li>Brand new cabinet (Rutte - Verhagen) </li></ul><ul><li>High quality programs with less budget </li></ul><ul><li>- reduce of theme-channels </li></ul><ul><li>- clustering of public broadcaster organizations </li></ul><ul><li>- reduction of bureaucracy </li></ul>
    8. 8. What should it add? <ul><li>Different opinions from different points of view </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Are positive about the Dutch model of public service broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Collins, R., Finn, A., McFayen. S. & Hoskins, C. (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Bardoel, J. (2003) </li></ul><ul><li>public accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Dual system of accountability </li></ul><ul><li>external accountability </li></ul>
    9. 9. Role of public broadcasting <ul><li>High quality programs or programs that focus on a relatively small audience, which are due to economic reasons not profitable to being produced by commercial parties. </li></ul><ul><li>McManus (1995): </li></ul><ul><li>- Commercial broadcasters only deal in their own interest </li></ul><ul><li>- A healthy market needs choice for the consumers </li></ul><ul><li>- Giving the audience a choice between different programs </li></ul>
    10. 10. Role of public broadcasting <ul><li>Deuze (2006): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Journalism is generally considered to be contributing significantly to the functioning and well-being of society”. </li></ul><ul><li>Croteau (2006): </li></ul><ul><li>The special status to serve the public and responsibility to inform and educate the citizens is recognized in different ethical codes (Statement of Principles of the American Society of Newspaper Editors and the Society of Professional Journalists: “Public enlightenment is the forerunner of justice and the foundation of democracy”). </li></ul>
    11. 11. Arguments against public broadcasting <ul><li>“ Unfair competition” </li></ul><ul><li> Bennett (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Having only commercial broadcasting, means that governments are left out in the process of news coverage” </li></ul><ul><li>McManus (1995) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Market based broadcasters are forced to work in a more efficient manner” ------  </li></ul>
    12. 12. Discussion What should public service broadcasting cost? <ul><li>NPO - € 0,10 </li></ul><ul><li>BBC - € 1,40 per person a day </li></ul><ul><li>ARD & ZDF - € 0,45 </li></ul><ul><li>Are politicians complaining about nothing? </li></ul><ul><li>Or do we have to cut (even more) on budgets for PB? </li></ul>
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