choosing a Topic
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  • 1. Importance Choosing a topic is the first, most difficult and most important step in the research process. Researchers will be spending a great deal of time and effort on their research, they should give the choice of topic careful thought.
  • 2. 1. Choose a topic that is close to your interest and experiences. Some Tips for the Researcher It must be something you know or something that has special meaning for you. An ideal topic is one that does not only elicit curiosity but one which you already have some knowledge of.
  • 3. 2. Check availability of materials or resources on your chosen topic. Some Tips for the Researcher Many materials written on the subject ensure a thorough investigation on the subject. There should be at least two up to date and reliable books and magazines on the subject.
  • 4. 3. Consider the length of the report and the length of the time needed to complete the report. Some Tips for the Researcher A short report demands a short time to prepare. A delimited or specific topics also requires research time.
  • 5. 4. Find a topics of novelty. Some Tips for the Researcher 5. Consider the age level, interest and occupation of your expected readers.
  • 6. Helpful question that may asked to start or set the mind of the researcher working: 1. What could be the need of the time? 2. What field or area am I interested in? is it a field where others could be interest too? 3. Has the field been explored? Are there research studies already available in this field of study? 4. Will I be able to handle the area competently? 5. What situation surround this field of study? 6. Who are the personalities who have done something in this particular field? 7. What will the result be useful for? 8. What is the importance of the particular field?
  • 7. Defining and Narrowing Down a Topic After choosing a topic for the research, the researcher should examine whether the topic chosen is quite broad or narrow. Given the tome and the number of pages the researcher needs to write, he/she must limit the topic of the research to a manageable size. Establishing a suitable limit for the topic is crucial step in organizing an effective report. The shorter the report, the narrower the topic should be.
  • 8. Defining and Narrowing Down a Topic Example: Broad Topic: Environmental Awareness Narrower Topic: Environmental Awareness of Students Narrowest Topic: Environmental Awareness of Students in CSPC
  • 9. Steps in Topic Definition and Delimitation Defining and Narrowing Down a Topic 1.Define major terms or concepts. Read literatures on the topic to review what has been written on the concept by foreign and local authors. As you read related literatures on the subject, you come across studies, cases and/or papers related to the topic. From this, you can note variables and define terms associated with the topic. 2. Focus on one main idea or event.
  • 10. Steps in Topic Definition and Delimitation Defining and Narrowing Down a Topic 3. Read general articles on the topic to become familiar with it. Encyclopedia articles are good sources of background reading. Decide what facets of their subject are the most interesting or most suitable for research. 4. Ask yourself a series of questions to delimit the topics. The answer to each questions leads to narrowing down the subject.
  • 11. Quiz: 1. Why choosing a topic is the first, most difficult and most important step in the research process? 2. An ideal topic is one that draw curiosity but one which you already have some knowledge of. (True or False) 3-5. Give at least two tips or consideration that the researcher must keep in mind on choosing a topic (key words)?
  • 12. Answer: 1. Bonus ( any answer that are related to the question is correct.) 2.TOPIC 3-5. 1.Choose a topic that is close to your interest and experiences. 2.Check availability of materials or resources on your chosen topic. 3. Consider the length of the report and the length of the time needed to complete the report. 4. Find a topics of novelty. 5. Consider the age level, interest and occupation of your expected readers.
  • 13. Source: Research and Technical Writing By: Reynaldo R. Fortillo Ma. Consuelo S. Quindara Mila E. Isles Clarita O. Manzano Vivian B. Flores Imelda K. Gamboa Amelia O. Bacuñgan Carolina G. Alberca Prepared by: Mark Angelo B. Bernaldez