Lessons fromthe Great Depression       Marjorie Schwarzer    John F. Kennedy University          March 4, 2010
De Young Museum, 2006
Liberace Museum, Las Vegas
Activity at Exploratorium, based on experiential              ideas of John Dewey
Palace of Legion of Honor, San Francisco (1926)
Taxidermy display, 1928Snow Museum of Natural History, Oakland
Outdoor nature lessons basedon experiential ideas of John Dewey
1920s immigrants fromGreece, Italy, Eastern Europe
Between 1923 and 1930,most American families bought their first radio.
In 1929, the stockmarket crashed15010050 0      1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933
In a time of financial  famine, the public is  forced to a  reappraisal of all its  possessions,  institutions and  custom...
Century of Progress Exposition        Chicago, 1933
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

From Duluth Children’s Museum’s     Facebook site (2009)
Mimeographs from Mabel Wing’s oral history,    Duluth Children’s Museum archives
Nelson Atkins Museum opened in 1930            in Kansas City
Interior, Oakland Public Museum
October 29, 1929
Nelson Atkins Museum opened in 1930            in Kansas City
Andrew Mellon purchased the Alba Madonna for     $1.2 million from Russia in 1931
National Gallery of Art, founded during the      Depression by Andrew Mellon
Museum of Science and Industry  Coal Mine exhibition, 1933:an ode to technological progress
California Academy of Sciencesopened its first Africa Hall in 1934
1920s immigrants fromGreece, Italy, Eastern Europe
The first visitor studies were funded by the  Carnegie during the Great Depression
Visitor studies led to actionMany museums stayed open  until 10pm, seven days a  week.They rearranged exhibits to  make th...
MoMA director Alfred Barr touring college students through a traveling exhibition
In 1930, AFA began to tourthe nation’s first popular art shows
Museums offered classes in commercial design for        the unemployed in the 1930s
Children’s games were popular in 1930s museums
 “The [1930s] crisis kindled America’s social imagination … asserting life-saving grace, unity and style against the encr...
InnovationPublic ServiceSustainability
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
Lessons from the Depression
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Lessons from the Depression

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This powerpoint accompanies the article "Bringing it to the People, Lessons from the Great Depression" about what museums did during the 1930s economic crisis. http://www.aam-us.org/pubs/mn/depression.cfm

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Lessons from the Depression

  1. 1. Lessons fromthe Great Depression Marjorie Schwarzer John F. Kennedy University March 4, 2010
  2. 2. De Young Museum, 2006
  3. 3. Liberace Museum, Las Vegas
  4. 4. Activity at Exploratorium, based on experiential ideas of John Dewey
  5. 5. Palace of Legion of Honor, San Francisco (1926)
  6. 6. Taxidermy display, 1928Snow Museum of Natural History, Oakland
  7. 7. Outdoor nature lessons basedon experiential ideas of John Dewey
  8. 8. 1920s immigrants fromGreece, Italy, Eastern Europe
  9. 9. Between 1923 and 1930,most American families bought their first radio.
  10. 10. In 1929, the stockmarket crashed15010050 0 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933
  11. 11. In a time of financial famine, the public is forced to a reappraisal of all its possessions, institutions and customs.—P. Youtz, Brooklyn Museum, 1933
  12. 12. Century of Progress Exposition Chicago, 1933
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16. From Duluth Children’s Museum’s Facebook site (2009)
  17. 17. Mimeographs from Mabel Wing’s oral history, Duluth Children’s Museum archives
  18. 18. Nelson Atkins Museum opened in 1930 in Kansas City
  19. 19. Interior, Oakland Public Museum
  20. 20. October 29, 1929
  21. 21. Nelson Atkins Museum opened in 1930 in Kansas City
  22. 22. Andrew Mellon purchased the Alba Madonna for $1.2 million from Russia in 1931
  23. 23. National Gallery of Art, founded during the Depression by Andrew Mellon
  24. 24. Museum of Science and Industry Coal Mine exhibition, 1933:an ode to technological progress
  25. 25. California Academy of Sciencesopened its first Africa Hall in 1934
  26. 26. 1920s immigrants fromGreece, Italy, Eastern Europe
  27. 27. The first visitor studies were funded by the Carnegie during the Great Depression
  28. 28. Visitor studies led to actionMany museums stayed open until 10pm, seven days a week.They rearranged exhibits to make them more comfortable to view.
  29. 29. MoMA director Alfred Barr touring college students through a traveling exhibition
  30. 30. In 1930, AFA began to tourthe nation’s first popular art shows
  31. 31. Museums offered classes in commercial design for the unemployed in the 1930s
  32. 32. Children’s games were popular in 1930s museums
  33. 33.  “The [1930s] crisis kindled America’s social imagination … asserting life-saving grace, unity and style against the encroaching darkness.” – Morris Dickstein, Dancing in the Dark: A Cultural History of the Great Depression, 2009.
  34. 34. InnovationPublic ServiceSustainability

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