Seminar on ‘Decent work and Youth Unemployment’at the first Africa-Europe Youth Platform Meeting in Addis Ababa, 4 – 8 November 2012 A reflection presented by Adikwu Michael Network of International Youth Organizations in Africa (NIYOA)
The story of thefisherman and the professor in a canoe
While there is no singular definition ofemployability, a review of literaturessuggests that employability is about workand the ability to be employed. It is thecapacity and capability of gaining andmaintaining productive work over the periodof ones working life.
To understand the impact of governance on youthemployment, I will like us to reflect on few questions:Was the Arab Spring the result of youth unemploymentor the result of a governance structure that failed to giveenough attention to tackling youth unemployment?Education: does our education system promote actuallearning over paper qualification? How has ICT beenincorporated into learning in our institutions?
Politicalstructures: does the ostensible living of our politicians encourage youths to be creative and work with their hands or does it encourage cheating to get a top political office? BilateralCooperation: Has Aids really worked? Is it true that NGOs and Foreign donors buildings (housing) occupy the more arable and productive lands that could have been used for agriculture?
Civil Service: how regular is retraining and promotion exercises in the civil service? Immigration:does our immigration laws favour cheap labour but promote poor working conditions for immigrants?
National Youth Service schemes Strengthened partnership and increased Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Increased internship and volunteer works Virtual learning system (training courses such as the global education online course) Increased attention and expansion in the informal sector Increased Public – private partnership (PPP) Access to micro-finance and support for SMEs The universities on youth and development (Cape Verde, Mollina, Uruguay, etc)
Continue and improve on the above measures already taken Promote social inclusion. Think and provide for the minority groups and differently abled people De-emphasize the so much attention that is placed on paper qualification rather than actual learning and competence Provide decent part-time jobs Shift focus from Aids effectiveness to development effectiveness
Fight corruption. It’s a two way traffic; there are givers and receivers (unfortunately some are in form of foreign partnership) Reduce military spending and invest the funds into development work Encourage agriculture and access to market for agricultural produce Promote research work. Reduce the bottlenecks that prevent access to funds for SMEs or youth empowerment actions
WHAT IS YOUR OPINIONON THE ABOVESUGGESTIONS AND WHATDO YOU SUGGESTSHOULD BE DONE TOMAKE YOUNG PEOPLEEMPLOYABLE?