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Explanatory document on the NEET and EU measures for the EU youth conference
Explanatory document on the NEET and EU measures for the EU youth conference
Explanatory document on the NEET and EU measures for the EU youth conference
Explanatory document on the NEET and EU measures for the EU youth conference
Explanatory document on the NEET and EU measures for the EU youth conference
Explanatory document on the NEET and EU measures for the EU youth conference
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Explanatory document on the NEET and EU measures for the EU youth conference

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Explanatory document on the NEET and EU measures for the EU youth conference …

Explanatory document on the NEET and EU measures for the EU youth conference
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  • 1. EXPLANATORY DOCUMENT FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION YOUTH CONFERENCE The aim of this document is to provide the participants and facilitators of the European Union Youth Conference with an insight on the Presidency’s priority: young people not in employment, education and training (NEETs). This document also provides a short summary of the measures already taken at EU level to address the issues NEETs face, in and outside the field of youth. The challenge posed by NEETs in the EU During the Lithuanian Presidency of the Council of the EU, the main priority in the youth sector is young people who are not in employment, education or training (here and after – NEETs). Following the work started by Irish Presidency on social inclusion, Lithuania plans to prepare council conclusions on the improvement of social inclusion of youth who are not in education, employment or training. There were almost 59 million of 15-24 years old persons in EU in 2012. This represents almost 11,7% of the total EU population and it is on constant decrease, in an ageing society. Since 2008, the economic crisis and recession hitting the EU highlighted the sore youth unemployment problem – in December 2012 the youth unemployment rate reached 23,4%3 – almost 14 million of youth had no job. The increasing youth unemployment also revealed the NEET issue, raising a worrying situation for the present but also the future. Percentage rate of youth who are not in education, employment or training is over 15% in most of EU countries (EU27 average is 15,4%). A definition for NEETs? Because of different national legislation, EU member states do not have a unified definition of youth as a target in the employment policies they implement. Age is one of defining group-specific indicators. According to the European Commission’s “EU Youth report”1 , people aged 15-29 years old are defined as youth. According Eurostat statistical reviews the group of NEET young people is defined among young people aged 15 to 24 years old2 . Nevertheless, the characteristics of the NEET group vary in different countries in terms of age, social status, living conditions, migration background, sickness, disability, and early parenthood. There is still no 1 European Commission “EU Youth report” (2009), http://ec.europa.eu/youth/documents/youth_report_final.pdf 2 Eurostat “Young people not in employment and not in any education and training (NEET rates), (2013), http://goo.gl/Mbnsiv
  • 2. recognized common international definition of NEETs and comparison between different states is still very difficult. The necessity for establishing a NEETs definition, which would allow comparing indicators in different countries, was raised in the process of solving the problems of increasing numbers of unemployed youth. The definition of NEET for all member states as standardized rate calculating methodology was defined in 2010. Under this definition, NEETs include: Unemployed individuals, not in education or training3 Inactive individuals, not in education or training4 Today, the statistical information the EU gathered about NEET is sorted by sex, age groups, labour market status (unemployed, inactive) and level of education. Eurofound in its research on “Young people and NEET in Europe: First findings”5 indicates five main NEET groups: 1. The conventionally unemployed. The biggest NEET group which can be further subdivided into long-term and short-term unemployed people; 2. Unavailable. Includes young carers, young people with family responsibilities and young people who are sick or disabled; 3. Disengaged. Young people who are not seeking jobs or education and are not constrained from doing so by other obligations or incapacities, and takes in discouraged workers as well as other young people who are pursuing dangerous and asocial lifestyles; 4. Opportunity-seekers. Young people, who are actively seeking work or training, but are holding out for opportunities that they see as befitting their skills and status; 5. Voluntary NEETs. Young people who are travelling and those constructively engaged in other activities such as art, music and self-directed learning. During the EU Youth Conference, these definitions will help you in your discussions on the social inclusion of NEETs. 3 According to definition of International Labour Organization unemployed are those persons, who are not working, but actively seeking for employment and could start to work immediately (this definition differs from definition of unemployed persons) 4 According to definition of International Labour Organization not active persons are those persons who are not economically active and are not considered as labour power (they are not officially working, neither officially unemployed) 5 European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) “Young people and NEETs in Europe: First findings” (2011), http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/pubdocs/2011/72/en/2/EF1172EN.pdf
  • 3. EUROPEAN UNION MEASURES IN FAVOUR OF NEETS Confronted with the problem of high youth unemployment and raising levels of youth not in employment, education or training, the European Union has adopted a set of initiatives over the last years, which directly or indirectly are expected to contribute to the social inclusion of NEETs. Some of them are unfortunately not fully implemented yet and others are still discussed at political level between the European Commission and the Council of the EU. Social Investment Package – in 2013 the Social investment Package introduced initiatives to strengthen people’s skills and capacities and to support them to participate fully in employment and social life. Key policy areas include education, quality childcare, healthcare, training, job-search assistance and rehabilitation. The aim of the Social investment Package is to: • guide EU countries in using their social budgets more efficiently and effectively to ensure adequate and sustainable social protection; • strengthen people’s current and future capacities, and improve their opportunities to participate in society and the labour market; • focus on integrated packages of benefits and services that help people throughout their lives and achieve lasting positive social outcomes; • stress prevention rather than cure, by reducing the need for benefits. That way, when people do need support, society can afford to help; • safeguard minimum income levels; • reduce homelessness; • calls for investing in children and young people to increase their opportunities in life. http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=1044&newsId=1807&furtherNews=yes The European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion is an initiative introduced in 2010 with the aim to help EU member states reach the target of lifting 20 million people out of poverty and social exclusion. The key actions and programmes of the initiative are placed in the areas of access to labour market, social protection and access to essential services, education and youth policies, migration and integration of migrants, social inclusion and antidiscrimination, sectoral policies and external dimension. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2010:0758:FIN:EN:PDF Council Recommendation on validation of non-formal and informal learning – adopted in 2012 the recommendation encourages member states to establish no later than 2018 arrangements for the validation of non-formal and informal learning, which would identify and certify individual's learning outcomes acquired through non-formal and informal learning. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2012:398:0001:0005:EN:PDF EU Skills Panorama – is online tool gathering information about skills needed, forecasting and developments in the labour market within the EU. http://euskillspanorama.ec.europa.eu/ Youth on the Move – is an initiative launched in 2010, as a part of the Europe 2020 strategy, which aims to improve young people’s education and employability, reduce high youth unemployment and increase the
  • 4. youth employment rate in line with wider EU target of achieving a 75% of employment rate for the working- age citizens. The initiative involves: • The Youth Opportunities Initiative consist in a set of measures, planned for 2012 and 2013, to drive down youth unemployment including: o increased use of the European Social Fund by national governments to tap into the €30 billion not yet allocated to projects for period of 2007-2013; o 1.3 million in the European Social Fund for technical assistance to set up apprenticeship schemes; o €3 million in the European Social Fund for technical assistance for young business starters and social entrepreneurs. More on the Youth Opportunities Initiative: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp? catId=1006&langId=en • Your first EURES job is a job mobility scheme to help young Europeans find work in other EU countries. http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=993 For full information on Youth on the Move: http://ec.europa.eu/youthonthemove/index_en.htm The Youth Employment Package is a set of measures proposed by the European Commission in 2012 to help Member States tackle unacceptable levels of youth unemployment and social exclusion by giving young people offers of jobs, education and training. http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=1036&newsId=1731&furtherNews=yes The Youth Employment Package includes the following measures: • The European Alliance for Apprenticeships – a platform which would bring together public authorities, business and social partners, VET providers, youth representatives and other key actors such as chambers of commerce in order to coordinate and upscale different initiatives for successful apprenticeship type schemes. Youth Guarantee Initiative – a measure which ensures that all young people under the age 25 receive a good-quality offer of employment, continued education, an apprenticeship or a traineeship within a period of four months of becoming unemployed or leaving formal education. It is especially aimed at ensuring that the human capital of young Europeans will deliver long-term benefits and contribute to sustainable and inclusive economic growth, and acknowledges the need to fight the discrimination some young people face. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32013H0426(01):EN:NOT • Quality Framework on Traineeships – a framework setting unanimous principles and conditions for trainees within the EU member states regarding the objectives and content, duration, guidance of the traineeships and social security and costs’ compensation of the trainees. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2012:0728:FIN:EN:PDF The Youth Employment Initiative is an initiative set to reinforce the Youth Employment Package and financially support the EU member states in which the unemployment rate of young people not in education, employment or training is above 25%. Erasmus+ is the new budgetary programme for education, youth and sports for the period of 2014-2020. The programme will focus on mobility, cooperation and policy reform and in terms of NEETs will support training, teaching and volunteering opportunities and enhance the situation of vocational students, trainees, teachers, trainers, youth workers and young people.
  • 5. Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs is a support programme for young European entrepreneurs providing them with the skills necessary to start and/or successfully run a small business in Europe. http://www.erasmus-entrepreneurs.eu/index.php CURRENT COUNCIL CONCLUSIONS ON YOUTH 2010 Council conclusions on competences supporting lifelong learning and the "new skills for new jobs" initiative. LT/EN Council Conclusion on access of young people to culture LT/EN Council Conclusion on the European and International Policy Agendas on Children, Youth and Children’s Rights LT/EN Council Conclusion on the "Youth on the Move" initiative — an integrated approach in response to the challenges young people face LT/EN 2011 Council conclusions Promoting youth employment to achieve the Europe 2020 objectives EN/LT Council conclusions on the eastern dimension of youth participation and mobility LT/EN 2012 Council conclusions on fostering the creative and innovative potential of young people LT/EN Conclusions of the Council and of the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council, on the participation and social inclusion of young people with emphasis on those with a migrant background EN/LT 2013 Council conclusions on the contribution of quality youth work to the development, well-being and social inclusion of young people EN/LT Council conclusions on maximising the potential of youth policy in addressing the goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy EN/LT The EU Youth Conference will be the occasion for you, participants, to discuss the further measures the EU should adopt and implement to favour the social inclusion of NEETs.
  • 6. Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs is a support programme for young European entrepreneurs providing them with the skills necessary to start and/or successfully run a small business in Europe. http://www.erasmus-entrepreneurs.eu/index.php CURRENT COUNCIL CONCLUSIONS ON YOUTH 2010 Council conclusions on competences supporting lifelong learning and the "new skills for new jobs" initiative. LT/EN Council Conclusion on access of young people to culture LT/EN Council Conclusion on the European and International Policy Agendas on Children, Youth and Children’s Rights LT/EN Council Conclusion on the "Youth on the Move" initiative — an integrated approach in response to the challenges young people face LT/EN 2011 Council conclusions Promoting youth employment to achieve the Europe 2020 objectives EN/LT Council conclusions on the eastern dimension of youth participation and mobility LT/EN 2012 Council conclusions on fostering the creative and innovative potential of young people LT/EN Conclusions of the Council and of the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council, on the participation and social inclusion of young people with emphasis on those with a migrant background EN/LT 2013 Council conclusions on the contribution of quality youth work to the development, well-being and social inclusion of young people EN/LT Council conclusions on maximising the potential of youth policy in addressing the goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy EN/LT The EU Youth Conference will be the occasion for you, participants, to discuss the further measures the EU should adopt and implement to favour the social inclusion of NEETs.

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