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“NEETs: an European Picture of the NEET phenomenon”

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MASSIMILIANO MASCHERINI, research manager in European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) presented “NEETs: an European Picture of the NEET phenomenon”.

MASSIMILIANO MASCHERINI, research manager in European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) presented “NEETs: an European Picture of the NEET phenomenon”.

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  • 1. Not in Employment, Education and Training An European Picture of the NEET phenomenon. Massimiliano Mascherini EUROFOUND European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions mam@eurofound.europa.eu @MascheriniM
  • 2. • At the European level, NEETs are defined as all the unemployed and inactive persons (according to ILO definition) who, regardless their educational level, are currently not in any education and training. • The acronym NEETs first emerged in the UK in the late 1980s • This is the definition agreed by the Employment Committee (EMCO) and its indicators group. INDIC/02/260110/EN - INDIC/11/210410/EN - EMCO/31/190510/EN (unemployed and inactive not in educ. and training) (all young people population) NEET rate =
  • 3. NEETs are an heterogeneous population. Conventionally Unemployed Unavailable Disengaged Voluntary NEETs and Opportunity seekers • They do not accumulate human capital through formal channels • Bring special populations at the centre of the policy debate • Must be disaggregated when using the concept for policymaking
  • 4. How many NEETs in Europe? NEETrateinEurope,2012–Source:Eurostat 7.8 million NEETs 15-24 6.8 million NEETs 25-29 2007-2012 • Almost doubled in GR,ES,IE. • Increased sharply also in DK, NL • Baltic Reps: sharp increase and now decrease
  • 5. Potential risk factors of ending up NEETs • Low educational level (+300%) • Living in remote areas (+150%) • Immigration background (+70%) • Suffering disabilities (+40%) • Parents with low educ. level (+200%) • Divorced parent (+40%) • Parents experienced unempl. (+17%) • Low household income (+100%)
  • 6. Spending a protracted period outside labour market and education may lead to a wide range of negative social conditions: These outcomes each have a cost attached to them and therefore being NEET is not just a problem for the individual but also for societies and economies as a whole. • Isolation • Disaffection • Political Marginalization and Extremisms • Asocial lifestyle • Risk of health problems
  • 7. 119 BN 2008 139 BN 147 BN 153 BN 162 BN 2009 2010 2011 2012 BillionEuro Taking into account the foregone earnings and the additional expenditure for the welfare systems, EUROFOUND estimated the economic loss of having 14 million of NEETs.
  • 8. How to fight youth unemployment and to re- integrate NEETs into labour market and education?
  • 9. Discouraged youth Lack of education Lack of experience Frictional unemployment Different people – different needs Unavailable • Policies have to take into account the diversity of youth population
  • 10. Discouraged youth Lack of education Lack of experience Frictional unemployment Different people – different needs Unavailable • Policies have to take into account the diversity of youth population Good job seeking infrastructure Practical possibilities to complete their education Subsidised employment Guidance and motivation Vocational trainingTraineeships Removing barriers
  • 11. • In some period the time of intervention is crucial! Preventing Early School Leavers Diagnostic policies Alternative schooling environments General and careers counselling and support Increasing compulsory age Supporting School to Work transition Advice and Guidance Apprenticeships Traineeships Internships
  • 12. Steps Forward • Many Member States need a new approach to the problem: Mismatches need to be fought and more preventative approaches need to be taken! • It is simply the time to act now! • Member States should learn from each other and adapt good practices to their national context when thinking about the transferability of these policies. mam@eurofound.europa.eu @MascheriniM • Youth unemployment : an endless bleeding of talents that governments fail in re-integrate into the labour market.
  • 13. THANKS! mam@eurofound.europa.eu @MascheriniM