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Secondary 2 History-British's Effort to Defend Singapore
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Secondary 2 History-British's Effort to Defend Singapore

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  • 1. British’s Effortsto DefendSingapore
  • 2. Why is Singapore known as animpregnable fortress?• An impregnable fortress is a place that hasvery strong barriers that it is a problem tobreak through the barriers.• Singapore a natural barriers so it was knownas an impregnable fortress• Singapore was a military base which protectsthe British’s valuable things in the Far East• The British recognized Singapore as ‘thebastion of the East’, ‘the key to the Pacific or‘the Gibraltar of the Orient’
  • 3. • The locals are very confident in using theBritish’s defense system. They thoughtthat the British will never defeat them
  • 4. Factors making Singapore animpregnable fortress• British’s Effort– The British used the ‘main fleet strategy tobring warship from Europe to Asia when theyneeded it– In 1938, they built a naval base which canserve the British fleet– Provide support for military aircraft by buildingmilitary airfield in Tengah and Sembawang– Protect the people from falling bombs or otherattacks by building underground bunkers inFort Canning, Labrador and Sembawang
  • 5. – Set a 15-inch gun which was facing the oceanso that it can kill the Japanese coming fromthe ocean– More troops were sent from India, Britain andAustralia to defend Malaya and Singaporefrom a Japanese’s attack• Geography of the Malaya– The coastal areas were mostly mangroveswamps and the Malay Peninsula hadmountains with forests from the North to theSouth which made it hard for the Japanese topass through
  • 6. – There were less roads and they were guardedwhich would make it hard for the Japanese toinvade Singapore

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