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Secondary 2 Geography-Case study-Population Growth in China
 

Secondary 2 Geography-Case study-Population Growth in China

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    Secondary 2 Geography-Case study-Population Growth in China Secondary 2 Geography-Case study-Population Growth in China Presentation Transcript

    • Popul at i onG ow h i n r t C na hi
    • Popul at i on i n C na hi• Am ount of popul at i on i n 2006=1313973703• 21% popul at i on ar e bel ow 14 year s ol d• 71% popul at i on ar e f r om 15 t o 64 year s ol d• 8% popul at i on ar e above 64 year s ol d
    • One-C l d Pol i cy i n C na hi hi• D eng Xi aopi ng, t he l eader of t he C m st Par t y of C na r eal i zed om uni hi t hat C na i s over popul at i ng i n hi 1978.• H im e posed t he O ne-C l d Pol i cy i n hi 1979 t o r educe t he popul at i on dow n t o 1200000000 by 2000. The pol i cy r equi r e peopl e t o appl y f or a cer t i f i cat e t o have babi es
    • Peopl e w t h 1 chi l d i• Have a f r ee educat i on• Have a one m h sal ar y annual l y ont till t he chi l d i s 14 year s ol d• Have pr i or i t y i n housi ng• Have pensi on benef i t
    • Peopl e w t h m e t han 1 i or chi l d• Don’t have f r ee educat i on• N addi t i onal sal ar y annual l y. o I nst ead, t hey have paym ent of f i ne• Don’t have pr i or i t y i n housi ng• Don’t have pensi on benef i t s
    • Opposi ng of t he O ne-C l d hi Pol i cy• Boys are more important than girls as they can pass down their family’s sur nam i n t he C nese t r adi t i on e hi• Girls must live with her husband’s f am l y i f she i s m r i ed. Thus, a i ar gi r l cannot t ake car e of her f am l y i w hen she get m r i ed ar
    • Popul at i on pyr am d of 2000 i and pr oj ect ed 2025
    • R ax of t he O el ne-C l d hi Pol i cy• D t o t he dr op of t he bi r t h r at e, ue t her e m be not enough yout h t o ay suppor t t he agei ng popul at i on• Ther e ar e m e m t han w an, t hi s or an om m cause m t o be unabl e t o f i nd a ay an wfe i• The pol i cy w r el axed. N t he as ow coupl e m have m e babi es w t h t he ay or i per m ssi on of t he gover nm i ent
    • Sum ar y m• D eng Xi aopi ng r eal i zed t he over popul at i on of C na and appl i ed t he O hi ne-C l d Pol i cy i n hi 1979 t o r educe t he popul at i on. Peopl e w t h i 1 chi l d have f r ee educat i on, addi t i onal sal ar y, pr i or i t y i n housi ng and pensi on benef i t and vi ce ver sa. Boys ar e m e or i m t ant t han gi r l as t hey can pass dow por n t hei r sur nam and can t ake car e of t hei r e par ent s. D t o t he dr op of bi r t h ue r at e, t her e m be i nsuf f i ci ent yout hs t o ay suppor t t he el der l y and t her e ar e m e m or an t han w an, t he coupl e m have m e babi es om ay or i f t hey got per m ssi on f or m t he gover nm i ent