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4 literature in the spanish colonial period
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4 literature in the spanish colonial period


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  • 1. Literature in the SpanishColonial PeriodAn Overview
  • 2. Brief Timeline 1521 was the year the Spanish colonizers came ◦ the start of the rule of the “cross and the sword” ◦ Half a century later, colonization and evangelization, through Miguel Lopez de Legaspi and Fray Andres Urdaneta respectively
  • 3. Brief Timeline 1834 ◦ International trade opened 1869 ◦ Opening of the Suez Canal  Event leads to burgeoning of agricultural industry ◦ Carlos Ma. De la Torre, a sympathetic governor-general, was appointed, opening up a movement led by middle class for reforms
  • 4. Brief Timeline 1593, the year when Doctrina Christiana, was printed, first book ever printed in the country
  • 5. Notes on SpanishColonization The use of faith (Christian) to supplant the existing native, local belief ◦ Politics and religion were already mixing at that time! Colonial strategy was to undermine oral tradition The Spaniards eventually hired translators for the instructional materials, marking the beginning of “Indio” literacy
  • 6. Colonial Writers of PhilippineLiterature Francisco de San Jose, Fernando Bagong Banta and Gaspar Aquino de Belen ◦ Translators of Spanish texts ◦ The most famous is de Belen, a poet translator who wrote the Tagalog version for the Passion of Christ
  • 7. Colonial Writers of PhilippineLiterature Jose dela Cruz ◦ The foremost proponent of komedya ◦ His appeal to the non-literate was universal
  • 8. Colonial Writers of PhilippineLiterature Francisco Baltazar ◦ Also known as “Balagtas” ◦ Acknowledged master of traditional poetry ◦ Was a child of the global bourgeois revolution, thanks largely to the Industrial Revolution ◦ Best known for his work, Florante at Laura about tyranny in Albania
  • 9. Colonial Writers of PhilippineLiterature Pedro Paterno ◦ Wrote Ninay, first Filipino novel and written in Spanish
  • 10. Colonial Writers of PhilippineLiterature Jose Rizal ◦ chose realistic novel as his medium ◦ Chose prose over poetry, challenging figurative tradition set by Balagtas ◦ Famous for his works Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo
  • 11. Colonial Writers of PhilippineLiterature Graciano Lopez-Jaena and Marcelo Del Pilar ◦ Liberal Reformists ◦ Formed the Propaganda Movement, and printed works that were considered subversive
  • 12. Colonial Writers of PhilippineLiterature Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto ◦ Writers and social critics REVOLUTIONARIES!