6 States and 2 Territories ◦ Canberra – Capital ◦ New South Wales – Oldest State and where Sydney is ◦ Victoria – Smallest State and where Melbourne is ◦ Queensland – Brisbane ◦ South Australia ◦ Western Australia ◦ Northern Territory ◦ Tasmania 2,941,300 Sq. Miles Population 22,949,849 (estimate of 2013)
School Attendance is compulsory in most states from ages 5-16 99% adult literacy rate 37 government funded universities, 2 private
Fourth highest life expectancy in the World Universal Healthcare since 1975 Highest rates of skin cancer in the World Current system called Medicare instituted in 1984
Flight or Cruise are main ways to travel to Australia If you are not a citizen, you must have a Visa to enter Australian law prevents bringing in drugs, steroids, weapons, firearms and protected wildlife. Some foods are also prohibited. Vaccinations are needed only if you visited or traveled from a yellow fever infected country within 6 days prior.
Seasons are opposite US December-February is Summer March – May is Autumn June – August is Winter September – November is Spring Northern states are warm much of the time Southern states have cooler Winters Australia is one of the driest continents
No official Language English is the National Language Between 200 to 300 indigenous languages existed at the time of first European contact Auslan is the Australian Sign Language for the Deaf
Many foods originated in Australia: ◦ Macadamia Nuts ◦ Bush Tucker ◦ Pavlova ◦ Chicken Parmigiana ◦ Granny Smith and Pink Lady Apples ◦ Lamingtons (National cake of Australia) They also enjoy emu, fish ‘n’ chips, tim tam, meat pies, fairy bread, crocodile, barramundi and grilled kangaroo
140 species of marsupials – ◦ Kangaroo, wallabies, koalas and wombats Monotrems – Egg-laying mammals – only found in Australia - Platypus The Dingo is the largest carnivorous mammal in Australia 828 species of birds – about half found only in Australia 24 of the world’s 25 most deadliest venomous snakes are found in Australia 5 species of endangered sea turtles 4000 of the world’s 22000 types of fish Great Barrier Reef Kangaroo Island
Adelaide Festival of Arts Rock Art – Aboriginal Art Kakadu National Park – History of Aboriginies
Australian Rules Football (AFL) Australian Open – Tennis Melbourne Cup – Horse Racing Darwin Beer Can Regatta ◦ 35 years, started in 1974 – Family Day ◦ Boats built out of beer and soda cans ◦ Started after Cyclone Tracy devastated Darwin and the workers drank a lot of cans of beer to fight the humid climate. There was no recycling program so they decided to build boats out of the cans and race them. It has become a yearly tradition.
Australian Open Tennis Melbourne Cup Australian Football Darwin Beer Can Regatta
Sand Sculpting Championships Sydney Mardi Gras – Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Lasseters Camel Cup Shinju Matsuri Festival of the Pearl
Gay and Lesbian MardiGras in Sydney Lasseter’s Camel Cup
Penicillin (1940) – Howard Florey won the Nobel Prize in 1945 Pace Maker (1926) – Mark Lidwell Bionic Ear (1978) Graeme Clark invented the multi- channel Cochlear Implant