Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences

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A presentation explaining Gardner's Multiple Intelligences and how this theory affects teaching methods.

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Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences

  1. 1. Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences By Marie Louise Lawson Library Media Specialist Satellite Independent Schools
  2. 2. What is this theory?  Breaks down seven different “intelligences” to categorize talents and skills  Gardner: “Seven kinds of intelligence would allow seven ways to teach, rather than one.”  All seven are necessary, but only two are generally recognized in school settings.
  3. 3. The Seven Intelligences  Linguistic  Logical-Mathematical  Musical  Bodily-Kinesthetic  Spatial  Interpersonal  Intrapersonal
  4. 4. Linguistic Intelligence  Typically valued in schools  Sensitivity to language – Response to both written and spoken  Ability to learn language  Ability to use language as expression  Examples: writers, poets, lawyers, speakers
  5. 5. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence  Also typically valued in schools  Analyze problems logically  Adept at mathematical operations  Solve problems scientifically  “Detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically”
  6. 6. Musical Intelligence  Associated with the arts  Performance and composition skills  Appreciation of musical patterns  Recognize and compose pitch, tone and rhythm  “Runs in an almost structural parallel to linguistic intelligence”
  7. 7. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence  Also generally associated with the arts  Use of one’s body to solve problems – Whole body or parts of the body  Use of mental abilities to coordinate movement  Mental and physical activity are related
  8. 8. Spatial Intelligence  Generally connected with the arts  Recognize and use patterns of space  Space in wide or confined areas  More than visual – Includes abstract analytical abilities – Goes beyond simply seeing images
  9. 9. Interpersonal Intelligence  What Gardner calls a “personal intelligence”  Understanding of other people – Intentions, motivations, and desires  Work effectively with others  Particularly critical in education  Examples: educators, salespeople, political leaders, counsellors
  10. 10. Intrapersonal Intelligence  Another “personal intelligence”  Understanding of oneself – Appreciate our feelings, fears & motivations  Effective working model of ourselves  Helps to regulate our lives
  11. 11. What does this mean for teachers?  More to consider when evaluating students – How students learn – What will benefit students  More to consider when planning effective curriculum-based lessons – How curriculum matches up with student learning  Helps teachers think about the learning process  Gives teachers a greater understanding of student learning
  12. 12. Acknowledgements  Research: – Smith, Mark K. (2008) “Howard Gardner and Multiple Intelligences.” The Encyclopedia of Informal Education. http:// www.infed.org/thinkers/gardner.htm. – Grow, Gerald. “Spatial Intelligence” Writing and Multiple Intelligences. http://www.longleaf.net/ggrow/7In/Spatial.html  Special Thanks to: – Teachers and participants in today’s in-service – Mr. Ronald McDonald, Principal

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