On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
By continuing to use LinkedIn’s SlideShare service, you agree to the revised terms, so please take a few minutes to review them.
There are only 2 classes of cells (plant/animal), but there are many kinds of cells in each class. Each kind of cell has a DIFFERENT job to do…it specializes.
I am a heart cell! I am a skin cell I’m a Prison Cell!
When you hear the new vocabulary…just think of a Turtle
The cell membrane holds the cell together and allows nutrients in the cell
It’s just like a turtle’s skin
The cell membrane is on the edge of a cell
Cytoplasm is the watery gel (Jello!) inside a cell….it’s goop! It holds the ORGANelles
Cytoplasm is like the turtles blood and other liquids
Mitochondria is an ORGANelle that releases energy from food
Mitochondria is like a turtle’s stomach
The nucleus controls the cell
The nucleus is like the turtle’s brain
Chromosomes are inside the nucleus and are made of genes (DNA)
Genes decide the cells traits and activities (heart cell, eye cell (color))
The nuclear membrane allows substances to pass in and out of the nucleus
It surrounds the nucleus (the brain) like the turtle’s skull…protects it
Vacuoles are spaces in the cytoplasm (gel) where food and chemicals are stored
It’s like “fat” on a turtle
I am NOT fat…I’m just a little plump!!
Cell Walls are only in plant cells
They make the cell strong and rigid
They are like a turtle’s shell (but only plants have them…that’s why grass stands straight up!)
Chloroplasts are only in plant cells
They contain chlorophyll, which helps make energy/food from sunlight
Chlorophyll is green in color…so any plant that is green has chloroplasts
I’m green…do I have chloroplasts?
What’s the Difference?
So what are two things that Plant cells have that animal cells don’t?
? Chloroplasts & Cell Walls
What would happen if animals had Chloroplasts?
Now, let’s review…
Cell Membrane Cell Wall Chloroplasts
Chromosomes Nucleus Nuclear Membrane
Mitochondria Cytoplasm Vacuoles
Plant/Animal Cell Differentiation Cells
You now know all the vocabulary for cells
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