Cell Vocabulary
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Cell Vocabulary






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Cell Vocabulary Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Intro to Cell Vocabulary Fancy Names For Simple Things
  • 2. Cells
    • Cells are the basic unit of all living things…if it is alive it has cells
  • 3. Two “Classes” of Cells
    • There are 2 classes of cells. There are only two differences between Plant & Animal cells…try to spot them by the end of the show
    Plant cells Animal Cells
  • 4. Cell Differentiation
    • There are only 2 classes of cells (plant/animal), but there are many kinds of cells in each class. Each kind of cell has a DIFFERENT job to do…it specializes.
    I am a heart cell! I am a skin cell I’m a Prison Cell! 
  • 5. When you hear the new vocabulary…just think of a Turtle
  • 6. Cell Membrane
    • The cell membrane holds the cell together and allows nutrients in the cell
    • It’s just like a turtle’s skin
    • The cell membrane is on the edge of a cell
  • 7. Cytoplasm
    • Cytoplasm is the watery gel (Jello!) inside a cell….it’s goop! It holds the ORGANelles
    • Cytoplasm is like the turtles blood and other liquids
  • 8. Mitochondria
    • Mitochondria is an ORGANelle that releases energy from food
    • Mitochondria is like a turtle’s stomach
  • 9. Nucleus
    • The nucleus controls the cell
    • The nucleus is like the turtle’s brain
  • 10. Chromosomes
    • Chromosomes are inside the nucleus and are made of genes (DNA)
    • Genes decide the cells traits and activities (heart cell, eye cell (color))
  • 11. Nuclear Membrane
    • The nuclear membrane allows substances to pass in and out of the nucleus
    • It surrounds the nucleus (the brain) like the turtle’s skull…protects it
  • 12. Vacuoles
    • Vacuoles are spaces in the cytoplasm (gel) where food and chemicals are stored
    • It’s like “fat” on a turtle
    I am NOT fat…I’m just a little plump!!
  • 13. Cell Wall
    • Cell Walls are only in plant cells
    • They make the cell strong and rigid
    • They are like a turtle’s shell (but only plants have them…that’s why grass stands straight up!)
  • 14. Chloroplasts
    • Chloroplasts are only in plant cells
    • They contain chlorophyll, which helps make energy/food from sunlight
    • Chlorophyll is green in color…so any plant that is green has chloroplasts
    I’m green…do I have chloroplasts?
  • 15. What’s the Difference?
    • So what are two things that Plant cells have that animal cells don’t?
    ? Chloroplasts & Cell Walls
  • 16. What would happen if animals had Chloroplasts?
  • 17. Now, let’s review…
    • Cell Membrane Cell Wall Chloroplasts
    • Chromosomes Nucleus Nuclear Membrane
    • Mitochondria Cytoplasm Vacuoles
    • Plant/Animal Cell Differentiation Cells
  • 18. Congratulations
    • You now know all the vocabulary for cells
  • 19. This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching.