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A background to Victorian Literature

A background to Victorian Literature

Published in Education
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  • Upppsss Ada y Marian... ¡A pesar de que el inglés no es mi fuerte, su trabajo me encantó...!
    Me parece precioso y me permitió recordar personajes e instituciones que para mí son altamente significativas... Entre los personajes: William Penn, el quáquero que más admiro, Harriet Beecher Stowe, aquella hija del Pastor, quien con su escrito en la hoja dominical dio luz a 'La cabaña del Tío Tom' y por ahí, a los principios e la libertad de los esclavos...
    Y de las Instituciones, a la misma época victoriana, a la libertad como institución política y a 'The Salvation Army'
    Gracias por permitirnos estos disfrutes...
    Mil gratos recuerdos desde Bogotá,
    María del Carmen
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  • 1 La era Victoriana: época de cambios, época de contrastes Un encuadre de la literatura Victoriana
  • 2 La reina Victoria gobernó el Imperio Británico durante 64 años (1837-1901)
  • 3 La “misión civilizadora de la raza anglosajona” regía la expansión imperial británica
  • 4 … productos terminados desde las colonias…
  • 5 … productos terminados hacia las colonias…
  • 6 … desde la confianza y el optimismo que conducen a la prosperidad…
  • 7 … hasta la incertidumbre y la duda en cuanto al lugar de Gran Bretaña en el mundo…
  • 8 Una época en la que…
  • 9 … la idílica Inglaterra rural perdió su encanto y poco a poco se fue desvaneciendo
  • 10 … la revolución industrial cambió el rumbo de la historia y afectó las condiciones económicas, sociales y culturales de la gente…
  • 11 … cuna de la clase obrera…
  • 12 … el triunfo de la burguesía…
  • 13 … el Romanticismo se volvió la voz de la revolución a comienzos del siglo XIX, y la voz del establishment hacia el final…
  • 14 … el Positivismo medía todo y negaba la intuición… … el Utilitarismo proclamaba que lo que sirve es bueno…
  • 15 … los victorianos confiaban en la perfección de su gobierno representativo…
  • 16 … los obreros vivían y trabajaban en condiciones deplorables y peligrosas…
  • 17 … surge el sindicalismo…
  • 18 … los niños trabajaban en las fábricas y en las minas…
  • 19 … pero luego los niños comenzaron a leer y a escribir…
  • 20 … la educación se basaba en hechos concretos y las aulas eran lugares inhóspitos…
  • 21 … el sistema educativo alimentaba al modelo industrial…
  • 22 … la mujer era “el ángel del hogar”, y una prisionera…
  • 23 … muchas mujeres se unieron a la fuerza laboral…
  • 24 … comenzaron a difundirse ideas feministas y las sufragistas luchaban por los derechos de las mujeres…
  • 25 … la moral victoriana imponía la represión y ensalzaba los valores familiares…
  • 26 … pero ocultaba el adulterio y la prostitución en gran escala…
  • 27 … la Gran Exhibición dejó en claro la superioridad británica frente al mundo… había esperanza de un mundo mejor gracias a la tecnología…
  • 28 … los exploradores y misioneros victorianos iban a África y generaban nuevas formas de ver al mundo… a través de ojos británicos…
  • 29 … a los victorianos los aquejaban muchas dudas de orden religioso… … el aristocrático High Church Movement fue puesto a prueba…
  • 30 por el surgimiento de los Evangelicals y por el Ejército de Salvación…
  • 31 … la ciencia y la religión se enfrentaron cuando Darwin desafió la tradicional creencia religiosa sobre la evolución del hombre...
  • 32 … la exagerada y superabundante decoración victoriana cedió
  • 33 frente al movimiento Arts & Crafts , que buscaba revivir las habilidades artesanales tradicionales y simples…
  • 34 y los rebeldes pre raphaelitas desafiaron las convenciones artísticas y causaron impacto en el mundo artítico victoriano
  • 35 … el entretenimiento de los pobres giraba en torno del boxeo, las apuestas, las carreras de perros y las ferias…
  • 36 … el entretenimiento de los ricos se basaba en la cacería de la zorra, el cricket, el teatro, los salones de baile y el circo…
  • 37 La era victoriana influyó en cada aspecto de la vida…
  • 38 Entonces, ¿cómo reflejaron esa era cambiante, compleja y paradojal los escritores victorianos?

Transcript

  • 1. TheVictorianEra An Age of Change… An Age of Contrast…A Background to Victorian Literature Ada Villalba, Mariana Fiorito
  • 2. QueenVictoriaruled for 64 years (1837-1901) Her Majesty Victoria, By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India
  • 3. The “civilizing mission of theAnglo-Saxon race” ruled the expansion of Imperial Britain…
  • 4. … raw materials from the colonies…
  • 5. … finished products to the colonies…
  • 6. from confidence and optimism leading to prosperity…
  • 7. … to uncertainty and doubt regarding Britain’s place in the world…
  • 8. An age when…
  • 9. … idyllic ,ruralEnglandlost its charmand slowlyfaded away
  • 10. … the Industrial Revolution marked a major turningpoint in history, greatly affecting the social, economic and cultural conditions of people’s lives…
  • 11. … the cradleof theworkingclasses…
  • 12. … the triumph ofthe bourgeoisie…
  • 13. … Romanticism became the voice of revolution at the beginning of the 19th century and thevoice of the establishment at the end of it… (*)
  • 14. … Positivism measured everythingand denied intuition… … Utilitarianism proclaimed that what is useful is good…
  • 15. … Victorians believed in the perfection of their evolved, representative government…
  • 16. … workers lived and worked in appalling and dangerous conditions…
  • 17. … Unionism was born…
  • 18. … children were employedin factories and mines…
  • 19. … but then children began to read and write…
  • 20. … education was based on factsand classrooms were grim places…
  • 21. … schoolsfed theindustrialmodel…
  • 22. … a woman wasthe “angel ofthe house”…anda prisoner…
  • 23. … many women joinedthe workforce…
  • 24. … feminist ideas began to spreadand the Suffragettes began to fightfor women’s rights…
  • 25. … Victorianmoralityimposedrestraint andworshippedfamily life...
  • 26. … yethidwidespreadadulteryandprostitution…
  • 27. … the Great Exhibition made Britain’s superiority clear to the world… There was hope of a better future thanks to technology…
  • 28. … Victorian explorers and missionaries went to Africa to create new ways of seeing the world… through British eyes…
  • 29. … Victorians experienced agreat deal of religious doubt… … the aristocratic High Church Movement was challenged …
  • 30. by the arrival oftheEvangelicals and the Salvation Army…
  • 31. … Science and Religion clashed asDarwin raised controversy by challenging thereligious view of the evolution of man…
  • 32. … the extremelyornate and clutteredVictorian decoration
  • 33. gave way to theArts & Crafts Movement and aimed at reviving the traditional, simpler, craft skills…
  • 34. the rebellious Pre-Raphaelitesdefied art conventions andshook the Victorian artworld…
  • 35. … entertainment for the poor included boxing, gambling, dog races and fairs…
  • 36. … and entertainment for the wealthy includedfox hunting, cricket, theatre going, dance halls and the circus...
  • 37. The Victorian Era left no aspect of life untouched…
  • 38. … How did Victorian writersreflect that changing, complex, paradoxical age?
  • 39. ImagesD1: https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRk2oqqOPy-cyRtOE-ROluK-gdY9SIochgu8AGjWu3bXlL6TwqyXAD2: http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRXsaRVvVf7uTfUk1HvKh0a5C6dYMGHmCAIT3kQJ89y9bsaVdyTD2: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRhyUajPi06z7Sw4-F-ZvqBWnnbPUVbU4JNqGO4vKL1b1iqo80cD3: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTIzxeZNLfenGJwj4E2EXfnowNK79MhxrUAwFZwrsZrqOV9MHxgCAD4: https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS7bPBtqN7-GWbQ3Q1Z3u7H7ajtZG98gP5E9y1pAsTpptJv-biLD4: https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcThOVMxlivy0Sk6fN_QnhPf6zwdlYsDCg80GLQ_EdDO_mc4tx-XD4: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS07n5XccR0iU_9dbl4bfHkX8v5_Ri4z1LFeXi-EMScMR-9-JEkEgD5: http://www.chapatimystery.com/images/highwaysofempire.jpgD6: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTe-3T4B6PN9QMoVGN4T-pU-A_-3xG4xoJdqTwinODZyzDRTOKajgD7: https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSzqfSaUry3YNFhlcaYQ4X7gVIYn3GgpKETGye7NgSv9APwnFHyD8: https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRGI7wnXGVH4bYmJ3sx_I6LX98yjE83dGKipNHwW1SBvZjXT9zcrwD9: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTEb5r63DPh8KvHBk5JnPjGGZZKUwiQM19YrWannaVXZdUQ-IyfD9: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSPlHJn89Dufh5nYdBN2vW0r0MS_pkU5sTWyaFmlR42mI-zwH82YgD10: http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQhJO-Zpf7ejMMgolMmkVs2rlKjv5ALZsCk8qyTlrCEKXlZ5bQwkQD10: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTU5WZmcnUyoI-rpYoY2zjrCmhuV4ihRCIfvMpwApxHx2bLoPfxyAD11: https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQaanc0nBiBVVr0J35Z1WQNx-viEU6u5q43rb9txN8V9Hx6Ha81D11: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSAP3lif7SfWUsyuN68ypvVjYaqfTdUUJCNqIA9-v2TuLaj9c5y-wD12: https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRtlfeIpfTELWtr5kgS1SbyQUJnD4PMu9m2mnvmgI_yj-qcB-hrowD12: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRthRT1hOZXgdT3CgUQ0WDggubx-OHMwqw-1UlwNV7S00nT9jGND12: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRGLXj7agAtckhTqGWItJ_oZ7Duck7wfPlvkUtP9Han38GZqoRmDgD13: (text) (*) http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/hum_303/romanticism.html, Sep.23rd.D13: https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ2KGw54il6EmqsQqz0I13lp6QVXhJ1Z0unFJ708BijJH-N3v1yUAD13: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcToX7YE_9lAWNaNJ2T6u2U_cYun_MrJy6E0zrU2T9WCwexnT3nPGAD14: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQu4rPzqgKdMLbi3oDheOvjrGFvWTH2Ai-TTLtyjQk3-Dzr638WgQD14: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQNBxJ38vQnsszRDaY0pnVjWrEIfJln5l2SU376hHBOnh4BNx9aD15: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRYfG63nxUzsLBTne93xJqrfCw8cTiTBBAvIW3zFchvGyErUohkuwD15: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSeD_S35XSODUE0WdSJyQoloNeHjUGjfo5Xb1Q6mF7ugOvlF2KZD15: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS0HFLqY8A3xQlCmyp5wpYNm3tr7T9zJuIqJp-o3O9EP3mqwxwFD15: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSovzMGvVoEGfoUY8sc9aJ_mKY8sGAPaWsWPj55UX4rb6b4StJcZgD16: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRbuXBIgRBFd-VgS4d5Q_y911z7JrF_U3AVyLEsctcbQvoEFrKJD16: https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRWtrBW1Hc52xu6G6C8RBUODU-OycvOoQB0vK9MP7_SLd8-IPtzD17: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSs9yAjSkC4OgQFHUYMJmIP4wRe6vK6-paIO9NKaKJIQZQ5Mx53wQD17: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRvSGRNrysFd2eYlOmzcQzLCuXX5F67-KxMKxn7BYYwKlc5ELtoVQD17: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQL56_1AoIolm5hnA-zcr8r0sCQq-hxAKHejNTk-BgWMCqh3GWMWAD17: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRacWEqTeKC0gNcFsCnQpm_Q1p1v0zFm3mfLM8SRWc_HzjdlpfZD17: https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTXA1Okt3BPdFl0bqfngKnEf02ZaB67BpC2leJOgIDj7g6sqYHn_wD18: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_era#PovertyD18: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR9_mEa68fse1zvbbw0J-19qffS1GRqBI1LXJay9gtpzZfaOECNOgD19: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT8BVJJE5SGkVR_WkUzHZJlXtaew7oxH2iZEHW5LZuq4QMUW5aHD19: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR0o4BviZ4-F5VBnwxp985oZQtCpIPdKghEIeo1AKuGpWv5bfRXD20: http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRWdXpQBOujBsAASvLmdRngTqK9S7Sah2zrYjdxgZc8H3u9rqFcD20: https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ5Cbvs8hQG2ZSIILfzHsTmCzmbK5pb4voVtwx-hOhWcIW0Vh_OD21: https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ73pvLlaUdGnDeRE8ZNueOpZDYkOvV7rQhwVsaZQk1q_bQ4iC44gD21: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSZ1Hp9kb5SZfVo8DlXTfhX3NhANu-Pz9JKA2IpNTg9OYIweOgJD21: https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS9yI6d-p7unq_qEUTMXvv2velB0URPHCs1TPHW6iqnhZ8-Sw5QD22: http://www.bookdrum.com/images/books/185620_m.jpg
  • 40. D23: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTKCukFLVV9Ijwvb6JvKK8hd88XdsiDIcXymEJAQ7zh3Fb3cZi4D23: https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSbS5Va0jCZt9400nqSyPjOFR1W_3H2Lv_6snJyTeGiOWgcCh4GD24: http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSj47bCIDMlD0YdoI6BMFYZJ_joQnG6i3xcD9V7yfJEEBMyINoXMQD24: https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRCZm3oUV4rs0DmgdTrimrMfdhYdKFaMkDjF7CwzC00U3N8KLH9D25: http://wikis.lib.ncsu.edu/images/c/c5/Victorianfamily.gifD26: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRIDtk7P8IEZna0odhOb6CnankEaCcZtEADIadSd8im3yCN7_3xXwD27: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRxdtX-MhCVxi1xfFapgC49x3sdWv5wNac1s5Qkp3zCAt_uZPXgmAD27: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSGoezmbcm855sWjlyqGWliThC8pmYp_JZ0VksA3qDrDaAzDCdfWwD28: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQwy0jOIwOK1boqu9zEm-xe5lip18ZR_yn7pUQ8oHXogQbphW9lQQD28: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQuVCOhxZqJUficASJMfW83khVM31w5iKj5BaFYT6H-fVtCdj0SD28: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQlacwVNLiY1W3-DUuob2tmxlC-1AoqMlN9y6ICrEKVHiUCSbRaIQD29: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT9xzrQcaTACD0Km9T8DN461ii7rsooCZs58pSjgw3X6jdji0lpdQD30: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSB0gD9yR01ATkEpZQi4Bfp9MvGfTJrvCdUqqTVnCezMeutKg0NvgD30: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRJGLWBraPJkFodFRSl0RTXOtplHPnv4LhQz_KLb3QeEu3z_hU5D31: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcStDroGKMPofiUnUvLxjjIQvsYx0RcrtAg3DoK0P3jLtObct5E-iwD31: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT2qxFqLeP-BZ5vx8neCz-Kqlor3b89BGSvmIyUsP0jWmV8QAeeD31: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQTyJ957mqw6S4u5cDpTq2o43LtaYWF8QQOREd4nlu-JJpI54FjqwD32: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRiqxiBuFoZMsU1vNVFxDdSRxGp8WS7gTaactofarMCn1DYjSdCD32: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTABv8I9Rc__lM5gfTEjAqQxZ8SW90sLt_bH7By3LvFmhZFA3LdVQD32: https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS4RDzHx0xhzAud-bx_zhwY6vGCREx2J9tSIjBbUctQOpyit_NzoQD32: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQuEddNWWG7tIxj3l9GjHF45axjJbCwYTLLmd21cBpVg6K7jlpgFwD32: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSGjwQ8jgMhkFzhT1ZlnUbt_rkz2HhiX3LF6uw87QmMecygZZ1uD32: http://www.victorianweb.org/images/furn1.gifD33: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTsp3xY4bRJZq2WJ_cG5zWGki-EENLhPB5NVlDwWrrh96qUVfmBD33: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQcaYvzcGRtIazs9G1FGfv1-5BRIfsXKNIP7OBJpXyvIsoN4aRFD33: http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR4XZN5M8I8b1M-lW0izgN6E6_eZwU4zzdrOAsJtxWE1uGAMXssDgD34: http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRL_JqOAPQcis-vYdE44yCL5CpQ8gff6pNSGc35WFvpHMVlMNr5ygD34: http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSEcsWrZdg8zBQhaUo9y65khH7imfJ1pQ8kJ3KwXoZhrj5NFHPn6AD34: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSBrD8WPHYXONveOW_bzrhp9pZ3S29NSORbEmFTgudF3xodaVRDD35: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT82czWN_p3RW2xpZ31Lc3TKahGSE0q-rC5TXxnhKilSTbOBv8U5QD35: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQM5pbs0MF8Z1hpSRKlkHAOsdHGVPH5zhqJrivV9s1yBV0VXwVoD36: http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRyavQj2Fk1sCovEatrh1aBNrYciTJNL3RzpKxE00Dc1H26r46QD36: http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ_CsbPgmOElK5z36fxB081nIfQ2xMOez_nq7cmSIKtlJbzUYQHpwD36: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTq3HeHZH3BmOcUobFR-iHmLo_G3ihE_puXUeI1Mpj6gMc0j5YkaQD38: https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRjyAwHWJvTWxmQ5TSfyA42nr-g3WYTAn_vQoB1dm0Vd4U4OIJ2oQD40: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSXP9oUhTq2XmOleybxsDYxU8lG3mcOpA3L2-hiYn0PrNivUgJSPA end Ada & Marian