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Verb_tenses (present&past)

Verb_tenses (present&past)






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    Verb_tenses (present&past) Verb_tenses (present&past) Presentation Transcript

    • Verb Tenses Present and past
      • I study at the University.
      • I am studying at the University.
      • (temporarily)
      • I never drink coffee but today I am having one.
    • Present Simple
      • Form:
        • Inf + s/es for third person singular
        • Aux: Is/do/does or modals
        • Verbs ending in o,h,s,z add –es
        • Verbs ending in C-y change y to i and add -es
      • situations or actions permanent or repeated
      • He always studies at night
      • In adverbial clauses with future meaning
      • When he gets up tomorrow, he’ll phone me
    • Present Progressive
      • Form:
        • to be + vb-ing
        • Aux: to be
        • CVC (stressed) double Consonant: Stopping
      • Activity in progress or temporary
      • Shut up! I’m trying to hear
      • We are eating in the terrace this month
      • There are verbs which are not usually used in the progressive*
        • Cognition verbs: believe, think, know
        • Possession verbs: have, belong, own
        • Sense verbs: see, hear, taste, smell etc
      • Their meaning implies that you either do it or do not.
      • *When are stative verbs not stative?
      • http://www.annies-annex.com/dynamic_verbs.htm
      • Referring to the action in progress at that moment
      • Aunt Tilly is assuming her check will arrive today.  
      • Indicating a development towards the static state
      • I am feeling unhappy about it.  
      • Giving a notion of temporariness or limited duration to the state
      • Jack is pleasing his boss until bonus time . 
      • Showing a different meaning
    • Present Perfect
      • Form:
        • have/has + past participle
        • Aux: have/has
      • events with non-specific time reference
      • I have been to Rome three times
      • Time reference or result continues or is relevant now
      • He has worked for me before.
    • Past Simple
      • Form:
        • Regular: Vb + ed
          • CY: ied VY: yed
          • CVC: CC-ed VB- e: adds only d
        • Irregular from list
        • Aux DID + INF
      • Action with specific time reference in the past
      • He played the piano when he was nine.
      • He went for a walk
    • Past Progressive
      • Form:
        • Was/were + Vb-ing
        • AUX: Was/were
      • Activity in progress at a certain time in the past
      • activity of a limited duration over a longer period
      • At 9 o´clock I was doing English
      • That week I was visiting my friends
    • Past Perfect
      • HAD+ past participle
      • Action occurring before certain action in the past or that had consequences in a period in the past
      • Before I arrived, he had prepared dinner
      • Charles Dickens wrote some good books. (He is dead, so his bookwriting days are past.)
      • J.K. Rowling has written some good books. (She's still alive, so she can always write some more books, although her Harry Potter series is done.)
      • She waited in line for 8 hours before she could buy the latest Harry Potter book.
      • After she had waited in line for 8 hours and had bought the book, she sat down and started reading it immediately.
    • Homework
      • Do the exercises on present simple and progressive, past simple and progressive, past simple and present perfect and past simple and past perfect. Booklet pages 19-21.
    • Practice
      • Write 6 sentences using each of the tenses we have just seen.
      • These sentences may be true or false, but try to make them sound credible.
      • Swap your sentences with your partner.
      • Correct, if necessary, your partner’s sentences.
      • Try to guess if they are true or not.