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    Grammar notebook Grammar notebook Presentation Transcript

    • Grammar Notebook
      By: Mariana Tucker
    • Table of Contents
      Preterite vs. imperfect
      Ser vs. estar
      Verbs like gustar
      Comperatives/superlatives
      Transition words
      Future
      Trigger words- future
      Por
      para
      • Preterite
      • Tigger words- Preterite
      • Car-Gar-Zar
      • Spock Verbs
      • Snake and Snake-y verbs
      • Cucaracha Verbs
      • Imperfect
      • Trigger words- imperfect
      • Irregulars
    • Preterite
    • Preterite continued…
      -AR verbs
      -Er/-ir verbs
    • Haceque
      Un dia
      Unavez
      Anteayer
      El pasado
      ayer
      Trigger words- Preterite
      A lasocho
      *When you see these words in a sentence you will have a hint to use the preterite*
      A noche
    • -Car, -Gar, -Zar
      Tocar (yo form)
      Jugar (yo form)
      Tocé = WRONG!
      Jugé= WRONG!
      Toqué- to get the hard “c’ sound
      Jugué- to get the hard “g” sound
    • Spock Verbs
      *Stem changing verbs in the preterite
      FuiFuimos
      Fuiste
      FueFueron
      d/v -i d/v -imos
      d/v -iste
      d/v -io d/v –ieron
      hicehicimos
      hiciste
      hizohicieron
      Ir/Ser:
      Dar/Ver:
      Hacer:
    • “Snake” Verbs
      • O to u
      • Morir
      • dormir
      E to I
      • Competir
      • Repetir
      • Servir
      • Sentir
      • Pedir
      • Preferir
      *Snake verbs will only change in the “usted” and “ustedes” form
    • “Snake-ey” verbs.
      The verbs that require a “y” in the “usted” and ustedes” form happen with verbs like leer and oir.
      Oir
    • Preterite Irregulars aka “Cucharacha Verbs”
      Andaranduv-
      Estarestuv-
      Poderpud-
      Poner pus-
      Quererquis-
      Saber sup-
      Tenertuv-
      Venirvin-
      decirdij-
      traertraj-
      conducirconduj-
      producirproduj-
      Traducirtraduj-
      • The root of these verbs change but the normal preterite endings will stay the same.
      • The highlighted verbs will end in –eron instead of –ieron because of the j’s that are at the end of the verbs.
    • Imperfecto
    • Imperfect irregulares
      Ir
      -ibaíbamos
      -ibas
      -ibaiban
      • Ser
      -eraéramos
      -eras
      -era eran
      • Ver
      -veíaveíamos
      -veías
      - veíaveían
    • A veces
      mientras
      Los lunes
      Trigger words- Imperfect
      Todos los días
      siempre
      Cadadía
    • Ser- “to be”
      D- escriptions
      O- rigin
      C- haracteristics
      T- ime
      O- ccupation
      R- elationships
      P- ossesion
      E- vents
      D- ates
    • Estar
      H- ealth
      E- motions
      L- ocation
      P- resent condition
      I
      N
      G
      }
      Ar- ando
      Er/ir- endo
      -yendo
    • VerboscomoGustar
      When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the infinitive, singular form of gustar is always used
      Often used in conditional (me gustaría) to soften a request.
      • Ejemplos:
      • A Adela le encanta la musicá de Shakira.
      • A mi me aburre la músicaclásica.
    • Verboscomogustar cont…
      • Caerbien/mal
      • disgustar
      • Hacerfalta
      • preocupar
      • soprender
      • apetecer
      Abburir
      Encantar
      Faltar
      Fascinar
      Importar
      Interesar
      Molestar
      Quedar
      Doler
    • Comparatives/Superlatives
      Ejemplos:
      • La casa esgrande
      • El graneroesmasgrandeque la casa
      • El castilloes el masgrande de todos
      • Ejemplos:
      • Estedinosaurioesferoz.
      • Estedinosaurioesmenosferozque el otro
      • Estedinosaurioes el menosferozdinosaurio en el mundo.
    • Comparatives/ superlatives cont…
      Irregulares
      Buenomejor
      Malopeor
      Viejor mayor
      Jovenmenor
      * To say “more than” or “less than” with numbers….use “mas de” or “menos de” + number
    • Connector words
      Aunque- even though
      Por lo tanto- therefore
      Mientras- while
      Pero- but
      Tambien- also
      A pesar de- in spite of
      Sin embargo/ no obstante- nevertheless
    • El Futuro
      Irregulares
      QuererQuerr
      Saber Sabr
      Caber Cabr
      Haber Habr
      Decir Dir
      Hacerhar
      PonerPondr
      SalirSaldr
      TenerTendr
      ValerValdr
      VenirVendr
      PoderPodr
    • Trigger words- Futuro
      Mañana
      El proximodía
      En dos días
    • When to use POR….
      Passing through…PORtal
      General rather than specific location….PORtugal
      How long something lasts….PORever
      The cause of something…PORpuse
      An exchange…imPORt/esPORt
      Doing something in place of or instead of someone else….I’m POR, pay for me
      A means of transportation….transPORtation
    • When to use PARA…
      For whom something is done…surprise PARAty
      Destination….PARAguay
      The purpose for which something is done…PARAchute
      To express an opinion…PARAdon me
      To contrast or compare…comPARA
      Tp express idea of deadline…PARAmedic