e-Participation: Social Media and Public Space

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e-Participation: Social Media and Public Space

  1. 1. e-Participation: Social Media and the Public Space Gilberto Corso Pereira 1 Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil Maria Célia Furtado Rocha PRODEB, Salvador, Brazil Alenka Poplin HafenCity University Hamburg, GermanySalvador, June 19 2012 ICCSA 2012 - Cities, Technologies and Planning
  2. 2. NETWORK IS GLOBALInternet allows connection for various networked local events occur in different parts of the worldIn digital culture, the distance is measured differentlyNew geographies are formed exploding contextual limits and boundaries between localities and previous hierarchies of scale
  3. 3. PLACE MATTERS?Most of the urban politics are concrete, focused on the local issues and lead by the local peoplePublic space accommodates a wide range of political activities, many of them visible on the streetsTheir visibility can be amplified by the digital media circulating in local and global networks
  4. 4. PUBLIC SPHERE/SPACECultural/informational repository for ideas and projects that feed the public debate, where the interaction between citizens, civil society and the state happens (Castells, 2008)Public space provides the expanse that allows the public sphere to convene, but it does not guarantee a healthy public sphere (Papacharissi, 2008)
  5. 5. GLOBAL PUBLIC SPHEREIn the globalized world, a global civil society emerges  There is a shift of public spheres territorially limited to a public sphere formed by systems of mediaMass self-communication (web 2.0, 3G, 4G)  Networks of communication that relate many-to- many in a multimodal form of communication that bypasses mass media and often escapes government control (Castells, 2009)
  6. 6. NETWORKED PUBLIC SPHERECellphones provide movements that are born and flow into physical encounters, spreading information and feelings exponentially, a kind of effect from “small worlds”Networks of trust are formed instantly as the person who receives the message identifies its source and starts to distribute it based on its own address book
  7. 7. HYBRID PUBLIC SPHERESocial networks are now the space in which people connect, communicate, exhibit themselves, interact, and invite other to flock to the streets, squares, every public or almost-public spacesThe public sphere has become hybrid  it incorporates virtual and geographical spaces and traditional and social media  no separations between digital/virtual and physical/real as the citizens use these two social environments simultaneously
  8. 8. SPACES FORCOLLABORATION/CITIZENSHIPDigital serious games can add new dimensions in the representation of the reality, and aim to educate and support learning about the environment and urban planning initiativesParticipants take on different roles, can be immersed in the system and suddenly part of the digital reality in a completely new way
  9. 9. SPACES FOR COLLABORATION/CITIZENSHIPDigital representation of the world is now available on handheld devices that can be carried in the pocket and accessed (almost) anywhere providing  easy collaborative mapping and crowdsourcing,  use of geographical and social networking applications on mobile devices  applications of Augmented Reality
  10. 10. https://www.fairelections.eu/
  11. 11. web streets
  12. 12. SOME COMMENTSDespite the lack of transparency andcontrol over the code embedded in thecommercial software, people are stillpopulating the cyberspace and creatingcivic spaces online spaces that support the user’smotivation to speak and collaborate withher community or with a wider publicspace with which he/she identifieshim/herself
  13. 13. SOME COMMENTSEven e-Participation platforms that are simplemurals of complaints may turn into civicspacescreative spaces of shared practices can become aplace for the open knowledge construction anddemocratic improvementInitiatives that consider the differences in theperception and interests among differentgroups may accommodate various subjectivedimensions and establish a new publicspace/sphere multifaceted
  14. 14. SOME COMMENTSInternet is not only a support element and technological mediation. It also works as an environment for information, communication and action within multiple and heterogeneous systemsPlanners must recognize that now the citizens’urban experience is not only influenced by urban form but by different media and forms of communication with which they interact daily
  15. 15. SOME COMMENTSGeographical space was not replaced bycyberspace. Dichotomy between thevirtual/digital x real/physical are beingsurpassed by the overlap or convergencebetween physical and digital environmentsBesides the use of technologies forcommunication and social interaction weface the emergence of what some authorscall "urban computing" or "everyware"(Greenfield, 2006; Dodge & Kitchin, 2011)
  16. 16. Visual explorations of urban mobility SENSEable City Lab - MIT
  17. 17. VIRTUAL/REAL Yu Zheng, Urban Computing with Taxicabs, Beijing, 2011
  18. 18. THE BORDER IS EVERYWHEREIndividual and collective, micro and macroactions became visible showing how theworld behaves at a certain timesLocal interactions can influence the overallnetwork (Latour, 2011). Many people are ableto choose ideas coming from differentcultures and take what they find mostappropriate for each situation
  19. 19. Tweets after the earthquake in Virginia
  20. 20. FINALLY...Knowledge produced in a new way –pervasive, contextualized and unplanned –gives an opportunity to a higher level ofpublic participationIn this way we might experience acitizenship model where local governmentand public administration represent justnodes in a decentralized network whosetopology responds to demands for greaterpublic participation and democracy
  21. 21. e-Participation: Social Media and the Public Space Gilberto Corso Pereira 1 corso@ufba.br Maria Célia Furtado Rocha mariacelia.rocha@prodeb.ba.gov.br Alenka Poplin alenka.poplin@hcu-hamburg.deSalvador, June 19 2012 ICCSA 2012 - Cities, Technologies and Planning

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