Maria Savova
Collection Management
& Digital Integration Librarian
ER&L Conference – March 17, 2014
SHOULD WE BE BUYING
PRINT BOOKS
OR
E-BOOKS
FOR THE LIBRARY?
SHOULD WE BE BUYING
PRINT BOOKS
OR
E-BOOKS
FOR THE LIBRARY?
 Availability of content
 Urgency of the information need
 Purpose of the content use
 Discipline area of the content
...
 Required and recommended readings - part of the curriculum
 High usage expected within the period of the study
 Print ...
SPRING 2013 FALL 2013
94%
2%4%
Print CABs
E-book CABs
Both print and e-book CABs
88%
5%
7%
Print CABs
E-book CABs
Both pri...
SPRING 2013 FALL 2013
94%
2%
4%
Print CABs
E-book CABs
Both print and e-book CABs
88%
5%
7%
Print CABs
E-book CABs
Both pr...
 Titles from the Course Adopted Books list:
 Excluded from the study:
 titles in the public domain;
 multiple print co...
 Availability of content
 Urgency of the information need
 Purpose of the content use
 Discipline area of the content
...
 Do students tend to use print or e-
books for their course readings?
(looking to identify trends, but not to explain the...
42%
59%
48%
37%
10%
5%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
Spring p+e CABs Fall p+e CABs
AH SS ST
52%
42%
56%
59%
33%
48%
31%
37%
15%
10%
13%
5%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
All Spring CABs Spring p+e CABs All Fall CAB...
42%
59%
50%
10%
48%
37% 37%
84%
10%
5%
13%
6%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
Spring p+e CABs Fall p+e CABs All pri...
Print books:
 # of circulations
 # of renewals
 # of times the book is
re-shelved – i.e. internal
use
 length of the l...
1. Has the title been used at least once?
[yes or no]
2. How many times per average each
title has been used? [number of u...
Q1: Has the title been
used at least once?
[yes or no]
SPRING 2013
(P+E SAMPLE OF 96 TITLES)
28%
20%
37%
15%
Not usedE- only
Print onlyBoth formats
19%
10%
47%
24%
Not used
E- o...
24%
23%
40%
13%
Not used
SPRING 2013 FALL 2013
28%
20%
37%
15%
Not usedE- only
Print onlyBoth formats
18%
11%
54%
17%
19%
...
71% 66%
54% 57%
29% 34%
46% 43%
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
120%
electronic print electronic print
Spring 2013 Fall 2013
used ...
73%
70% 70% 71%
47%
64%
33%
53%
83%
61%
20%
66%
51%
69%
33%
57%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
AH
Spring
SS Spring...
Q2: How many times
per average each title
has been used?
[number of uses
(checkouts, renewals, online access
sessions, dow...
3.90
14.68
7.71
12.28
0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
Print uses E-uses
Spring Fall
63 titles
used
246 ti...
1.59
2.20
1.77
11.80
5.28
1.59
6.17
2.10
10.99
3.48
0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
Checkouts Renewals Link+ re...
Q3: Average scope of
the usage per title
[length of the
loan/download, length of the
online session, number of pages
acces...
8.4 6.3
24.92
15.68
344.56
5.6 3.8
56.58
30.36
297.65
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
Reserve (h) Time read online
(h)
CA...
 How does being a CAB affect the usage
of a print book in comparison with
other print books?
 Does the fact there is an ...
 How does being a CAB affect the usage of
an e-book in comparison with other e-
books?
 Does the fact there is a print b...
SPRING 2013 FALL 2013
94%
2%
4%
Print CABs
E-book CABs
Both print and e-book CABs
88%
5%
7%
Print CABs
E-book CABs
Both pr...
11.32
10.12
7.50
13.00
8.30
14.65
8.71
2.59
1.83
2.64
0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
Spring EBL Spring E...
3.83
10.78
4.00
2.62
3.37
6.67
3.35
2.13
1.33
2.16
0.00
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
Spring EBL Spring Ebrary Fall EBL ...
411
155
323
290282
524
311
44 50 43
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
Spring EBL Spring Ebrary Fall EBL Fall Ebrary
Pages viewed
p...
364
228
207
278
32
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
Spring EBL Fall EBL
Session length in min
p+e CABs e-CABs All e-books
16
30
22
14
4
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Spring EBL Fall EBL
Download length in days
p+e CABs e-CABs All e-books
 Course Adopted Books are a good investment
for the Library – in both formats
 The data does not show clear preference t...
 More data – including titles from syllabi and
reading lists, and including data from other e-book
providers.
 More data...
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Used vs. not used p+e CABs - Fall 2013 Used Not used
0
2
4
6
8
Would you like the Library to purchase t...
QUESTIONS?
maria_savova@cuc.claremont.edu
www.slideshare.net/mariasavova3
Borrow vs. Click: comparing the usage of print and e-book equivalents of Course Adopted Books
Borrow vs. Click: comparing the usage of print and e-book equivalents of Course Adopted Books
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Borrow vs. Click: comparing the usage of print and e-book equivalents of Course Adopted Books

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What factors influence the format preferences between e-books and their print equivalents within an academic library context? This session examines and analyzes findings from a two semester study in Claremont Colleges Library, comparing the usage of print and electronic equivalents of the same Course Adopted Book title.

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  • Unique opportunity to try and understand students' format preferences. Sample was not random – based on e-book availability from EBL, Ebrary, EBSCO, and Springer.What was excluded – titles in the public domain, with multiple print copies, available e-books, but not in the catalogue
  • Unique opportunity to try and understand students' format preferences. Sample was not random – based on e-book availability from EBL, Ebrary, EBSCO, and Springer.What was excluded – titles in the public domain, with multiple print copies, available e-books, but not in the catalogue
  • Borrow vs. Click: comparing the usage of print and e-book equivalents of Course Adopted Books

    1. 1. Maria Savova Collection Management & Digital Integration Librarian ER&L Conference – March 17, 2014
    2. 2. SHOULD WE BE BUYING PRINT BOOKS OR E-BOOKS FOR THE LIBRARY?
    3. 3. SHOULD WE BE BUYING PRINT BOOKS OR E-BOOKS FOR THE LIBRARY?
    4. 4.  Availability of content  Urgency of the information need  Purpose of the content use  Discipline area of the content  Scope of the content use  Personal preferences of the user
    5. 5.  Required and recommended readings - part of the curriculum  High usage expected within the period of the study  Print books on Reserve  Print books shelved in the stacks with the regular collection, 7-day loan and not allowed on ILL  E-books
    6. 6. SPRING 2013 FALL 2013 94% 2%4% Print CABs E-book CABs Both print and e-book CABs 88% 5% 7% Print CABs E-book CABs Both print and e-book CABs
    7. 7. SPRING 2013 FALL 2013 94% 2% 4% Print CABs E-book CABs Both print and e-book CABs 88% 5% 7% Print CABs E-book CABs Both print and e-book CABs 96 titles 123 titles
    8. 8.  Titles from the Course Adopted Books list:  Excluded from the study:  titles in the public domain;  multiple print copies;  available e-books, no MARC records in the catalogue
    9. 9.  Availability of content  Urgency of the information need  Purpose of the content use  Discipline area of the content  Scope of the content use  Personal preferences of the user
    10. 10.  Do students tend to use print or e- books for their course readings? (looking to identify trends, but not to explain them) Decision regarding format purchases for the CAB service.
    11. 11. 42% 59% 48% 37% 10% 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Spring p+e CABs Fall p+e CABs AH SS ST
    12. 12. 52% 42% 56% 59% 33% 48% 31% 37% 15% 10% 13% 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% All Spring CABs Spring p+e CABs All Fall CABs Fall p+e CABs AH SS ST
    13. 13. 42% 59% 50% 10% 48% 37% 37% 84% 10% 5% 13% 6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Spring p+e CABs Fall p+e CABs All print books All e-books AH SS ST
    14. 14. Print books:  # of circulations  # of renewals  # of times the book is re-shelved – i.e. internal use  length of the loan period o in days o in hours (for reserve) E-books  # of online sessions  # of downloads  # of section requests  # of unique users  # of pages viewed  # of pages copied/printed  length of online session in minutes  length of downloads in days
    15. 15. 1. Has the title been used at least once? [yes or no] 2. How many times per average each title has been used? [number of uses (checkouts, renewals, online access sessions, downloads) per used title] 3. Average scope of the usage per title [length of the loan/download, length of the online session, pages accessed]
    16. 16. Q1: Has the title been used at least once? [yes or no]
    17. 17. SPRING 2013 (P+E SAMPLE OF 96 TITLES) 28% 20% 37% 15% Not usedE- only Print onlyBoth formats 19% 10% 47% 24% Not used E- only Both formats Print only FALL 2013 (P+E SAMPLE OF 123 TITLES)
    18. 18. 24% 23% 40% 13% Not used SPRING 2013 FALL 2013 28% 20% 37% 15% Not usedE- only Print onlyBoth formats 18% 11% 54% 17% 19% 10% 47% 24% Not used E- only Both formats Print only Including borrowed print Locally owned or licensed content
    19. 19. 71% 66% 54% 57% 29% 34% 46% 43% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% electronic print electronic print Spring 2013 Fall 2013 used not used
    20. 20. 73% 70% 70% 71% 47% 64% 33% 53% 83% 61% 20% 66% 51% 69% 33% 57% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% AH Spring SS Spring ST Spring Total Spring AH Fall SS Fall ST Fall Total Fall E- used P- used
    21. 21. Q2: How many times per average each title has been used? [number of uses (checkouts, renewals, online access sessions, downloads) per used title]
    22. 22. 3.90 14.68 7.71 12.28 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 Print uses E-uses Spring Fall 63 titles used 246 times 77 titles used 594 times 74 titles used 1086 times 67 titles used 823 times
    23. 23. 1.59 2.20 1.77 11.80 5.28 1.59 6.17 2.10 10.99 3.48 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 Checkouts Renewals Link+ requests Online sessions Downloads Spring Fall
    24. 24. Q3: Average scope of the usage per title [length of the loan/download, length of the online session, number of pages accessed]
    25. 25. 8.4 6.3 24.92 15.68 344.56 5.6 3.8 56.58 30.36 297.65 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 Reserve (h) Time read online (h) CAB loan (days) Download length (days) Pages viewed Spring Fall E-BOOKS PRINT BOOKS PRINT BOOKSE-BOOKS E-BOOKS
    26. 26.  How does being a CAB affect the usage of a print book in comparison with other print books?  Does the fact there is an e-book available for the same title affect the usage of a print CAB?
    27. 27.  How does being a CAB affect the usage of an e-book in comparison with other e- books?  Does the fact there is a print book available for the same title affect the usage of an e-CAB?
    28. 28. SPRING 2013 FALL 2013 94% 2% 4% Print CABs E-book CABs Both print and e-book CABs 88% 5% 7% Print CABs E-book CABs Both print and e-book CABs 96 titles 123 titles
    29. 29. 11.32 10.12 7.50 13.00 8.30 14.65 8.71 2.59 1.83 2.64 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 Spring EBL Spring Ebrary Fall EBL Fall Ebrary Online sessions p+e CABs e-CABs All e-books
    30. 30. 3.83 10.78 4.00 2.62 3.37 6.67 3.35 2.13 1.33 2.16 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 Spring EBL Spring Ebrary Fall EBL Fall Ebrary Downloads p+e CABs e-CABs All e-books
    31. 31. 411 155 323 290282 524 311 44 50 43 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Spring EBL Spring Ebrary Fall EBL Fall Ebrary Pages viewed p+e CABs e-CABs All e-books
    32. 32. 364 228 207 278 32 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 Spring EBL Fall EBL Session length in min p+e CABs e-CABs All e-books
    33. 33. 16 30 22 14 4 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Spring EBL Fall EBL Download length in days p+e CABs e-CABs All e-books
    34. 34.  Course Adopted Books are a good investment for the Library – in both formats  The data does not show clear preference to one format vs. the other across the disciplines  We have no justification to prefer neither print nor e- across the board and need to drill down into the data on a subject level
    35. 35.  More data – including titles from syllabi and reading lists, and including data from other e-book providers.  More data analysis – on a subject level  More detailed analysis on the not used titles  Correlating the usage data with other sources – surveys, qualitative data, anecdotal evidence – to try and figure out the “why”
    36. 36. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Used vs. not used p+e CABs - Fall 2013 Used Not used 0 2 4 6 8 Would you like the Library to purchase the course books you assign to your students? Yes. I would like the Library to purchase the course books in print format Yes. I would like the Library to purchase the course books in electronic format No. I think each student should purchase the books I assign
    37. 37. QUESTIONS? maria_savova@cuc.claremont.edu www.slideshare.net/mariasavova3

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