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This thesis presents an experience of common pool resources in the Northeast Semiarid region (Russas, Ceará, Brazil) in the rural community of Lagoa dos Cavalos. This community is comprised of lands of inheritance and the result of land fragmentation that has undergone in the Jaguaribe river valley since the colonial period. The beginning of anorganization process, back in the 1980s, allowed the residents of this community to combine existing forms of communal use of resources with new collective actions associated with practices denominated Living with the Semiarid, becoming as an example of organization and resistance to the capitalist modernization. The research questions sought to understand the factors that, in the history of the group would have influenced the process of local organization, the decision to collectively explore and manage the local resources as well as the persistence of this form of use and resource management. The analysis were supported by the theory of common resources, as well as contributions from the concept of collective action and the theory of reciprocity, without giving up additional references as necessary. Qualitative research was employed, in whose development a set of procedures and different steps were used, combining tools such astestimonial sources, documents, literature review and simple observation. The field phase was conducted in two stages: an exploratory phase, with the use of scripts applied to a actors chosen at random; an non-structured interviews phase, conducted with actors selected from a unintentional sampling technique. The analysis of all information was aided by the technique of data triangulation. The research findings showed the existence of a set of institutional arrangements settled on particular characteristics whose social relationships fostered and strengthened human and ethical values among the residents and beneficiaries of the common resources. In order to overcome the dilemmas of collective actions, such arrangements facilitate the persistence and sustainability in the combination of the two forms of resource management and therefore helping to resist to the market forces, allowing the residents to even take advantage of contradictory state policies.