Organizing Your WritingMa. Martha Manette A. Madrid, Ed.D. Professor email@example.com
Organization in writing is how ideas are presented. Typically, organization refers to the larger parts of a piece of writing, although it also refers to how paragraphs and sentences are written.
Chronological Order- presents ideas according tothe time in which theyoccurred. This type oforganization is especiallyeffective if you are describing aprocess, relaying a series ofactions, or telling a story
Climactic order or Emphatic order-requires you to arrange yourideas according to theirimportance.-Do you want yourstrongest, most importantpoint to hit the readerimmediately or do you wantthese points to appear near theend?
Definition-A definition essay is writing that explains what a term means. Some terms have definite, concrete meanings, such as glass, book, or tree. Terms such as honesty, honor, or love are abstract and depend more on a persons point of view.Three Steps to Effective Definition Tell readers what term is being defined. Present clear and basic information. Use facts, examples, or anecdotes that readers will understand.
Space order- means writing about objects in the order of where they are located.- When you are writing a description of how something looks, or how to go somewhere, you need to use space order.- For example, you can describe something from the top to the bottom, from the nearest point to the farthest point, from the right side to the left side.
Appropriate Details-uses details to support a thesis or illustrate an idea-uses clearly appropriate details to support a thesis or illustrate ideas displays consistent facility in the use of language-demonstrates syntactic variety and appropriate word choice
Comparison and Contrast-Comparisons allow you to analyze and evaluate two or more concepts.-You can compare two concepts by showing either the differences or the similarities between them.-This type of organization is especially effective in showing how one concept is better than another. This way, you can persuade readers to choose one over another.
Cause and EffectCauses tell readers why something happened.For example, numerous stolen bikes on campus cause students to register their bikes. Smoking causes lung cancer.Effects are the results of something.For example, fifty new bike racks were put on campus with funding from registered bikes. Twelve hundred smokers die every year from lung cancer.
Inductive order(from specific to general)- make a general statement and support that statement with specific examplesDeductive order (from specific to general)- provide the reader with specific information and then make a general conclusion.