Climate of England.The overall climate in England is called temperate maritime. This means that it is mild with temperatures notmuch lower than 0ºC in winter and not much higher than 32ºC in summer. It also means that it is damp andis subject to frequent changes.Probably the best months to travel in England are May, June, September and October. These monthsgenerally have the most pleasant temperatures and less rain. July and August are the warmest months. Thesunniest parts of the Britain are along the south coast of England.
Currency• The British currency is the pound sterling. The sign for the pound is .• We do not use the Euro. Although a few of the big shops will accept Euro, it is rarely used across Britain.• Since decimalisation in 1971 , the pound has been divided into 100 pence.• The pound ( ) is made up of 100 pence (p) exactly like the dollar is split into 100 cents.• The singular of pence is "penny". The symbol for the penny is "p"; hence an amount such as 50p is often pronounced "fifty pee" rather than "fifty pence".
Customs and traditions• The first day of the month of May is known as May Day. It is said to be a time of love and romance.• Traditional English May Day celebrations include Morris dancing, crowning a May Queen and dancing around a Maypole.• Although summer does not officially begin until June, May Day marks its beginning. May Day celebrations have been carried out in England for over 2000 years.• The month of May has many traditions and celebrations. For the convenience of the general public, many May Day activities have now been moved to the new May Day holiday (from 1978) on the first Monday of the month. This Monday is a bank holiday, a day off school and work.
History6500BC Rising sea levels flood the English Channel, cutting us off from the French and creating the British Isles3000-2500 BC Stonehenge is finished.43 AC Though Julius Caesar first invaded England in 55BC, the first real wave of Romans really arrived in 43AD50 AC The city of London is established1078 Work starts on The Tower of London1558 Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England1603-1714 603 -1714 Britain enters a peri6500 BC od of civil war1652-1654 Tea first arrives in Britain from China (via Portugal), and is taken up by King Charles II and his hot-beverage-loving wife Catherine of Braganza1683 The London Underground opens1914-1918 First World War.1939-1945 The Second World War
Geography• England can be divided into two major regions. They are called highland zone and the lowland zone. The highland zone is the region where there are big hills and mountains in the north and west. The lowland zone in the south and east contain mostly rolling plains.• The highland zone contains rugged hills, mountains, and eroded (worn away) areas continuously broken by valleys and plain. The highest point is 2930ft above sea level. The Highland is cooler than the Lowland, and gets more rainfall and less sunlight. In many places in the Highlands it’s impossible to farm. The soil is often to thin and stony, with hard rock formation below the ground.
Population.• England has a population of 52 million, having a density of almost 392 inhabitants per square kilometer, is why it is considered the most populous country in the UK, as in this country is 84% of the population the UK total.
Languages• In England, the language is the British English and there are some dialects or varieties talked by different social groups but this isn’t important because there is a basic English that everybody speaks .
Places to visit.1.Victoria and Albert Museum( SouthKensingston).2.Birmingham Museum of Jewelry.3.Buckingham palace.4.Stonehenge(North of Salisbury).5.Walls of York(York).6.Walls of Adriano7.New Forest.8.London Eye.9.Man Isle.10.Big Ben.