THE MOMENTOUS JOURNEYS OFCHRISTOFORO COLOMBO
What was his name? Cristoforo Colombo – Italian Cristòfor Colom – Catalan Cristóbal Colón – Spanish Cristóvão Colombo ...
When was he born? Between August 22 and October 31, 1451 Holy Week and Passover at the same time
Where was he born? Genoa Catalonia? Portugal? Spain? On the high seas?
Italy
What do we know? Father: Domenico Colombo – wool weaver andmerchant Mother: Susanna Fontanarossa Brothers: Bartolomeo, ...
The ‘Old World’
The Times Educated knowledge: Earth is a sphere: Aristotle (984-322 BC)/Ptolemy (85-165 AD)/Saint Bede (673-735 AD) Size...
Background Early sea travels Self-educated Interested in biblical texts Learned Latin, Portuguese and Castilian Read ...
Quest for Support 1485 – John II, King of Portugal 1486 – Isabella, Queen of Castile 1488 – John II, King of Portugal ...
The Explorer The Admiral of the Ocean Sea Viceroy and Governor of the Indies 10% of all acquired treasures
Iberia
The Admiral and his fleet Portrait  La Pinta, La Niña y LaSanta Maria
Canary Islands
Momentous First Voyage Aug 3, 1492 – Port of Palos, Spain to Canary Islands Sept 6 – San Sebastian de la Gomera 5 weeks...
First Voyage (Aug 3, 1492-March 15, 1493)
Exploration and Conflict:Second Voyage Sept 24, 1493 - Cadiz Oct 13 – Canary Islands Lesser Antilles, including Virgin ...
Second Voyage (Sept 24, 1493– Aug 20, 1994)
Exploration and Exploitation:Fall from Grace – Third Voyage May 30, 1498 – Sanlúcar, Spain to Portugal (PortoSanto and Ma...
Third Voyage (May 30, 1498 –Oct 1500)
Fourth and Last Voyage:Disaster May 11, 1502 – Cadiz to Moroccan coast Martinique island, Santo Domingo, BayIslands, Hon...
Fourth Voyage (May 11, 1502 –Nov 7, 1504)
Forgotten Returns to Spain in disgrace Fights the courts for reinstatement of his rights‘Pleitos Colonbinos) – continued...
New World
Expansion: Why America? Amerigo Vespucci, Americo Vespucio, AmericusVespucius Born in Florence, Italy – March 9, 1954 to...
Myths and Ironies Popular belief about the earth’ shape and size Queen Isabel selling her jewels CC: first explorer to ...
Impact What DID he DO? Was he a visionary hero or a despicable villain?
RECOMMENDED READING The Memoirs of Christopher Columbus with StephenMarlowe, 1987
Contact us: Dr. Maria H. Koonce and William J. Koonce billmar@cfl.rr.com
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EXPLORATION, EXPLOITATION, EXPANSION, The Momentous Journeys of Cristoforo Colombo

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In spite of the incredible misunderstandings and ironies of his vision, he brought us miraculously to this place and time. He reached the Bahamas, his first landing, on October 12, 1492. He never touched upon what is today the United States of America, but he is undoubtedly the man who opened the pathe to our world!

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EXPLORATION, EXPLOITATION, EXPANSION, The Momentous Journeys of Cristoforo Colombo

  1. 1. THE MOMENTOUS JOURNEYS OFCHRISTOFORO COLOMBO
  2. 2. What was his name? Cristoforo Colombo – Italian Cristòfor Colom – Catalan Cristóbal Colón – Spanish Cristóvão Colombo – Portuguese Christohorus Columbus - Latin Christoffa Corombo – Genoese Cristopher Columbus - English
  3. 3. When was he born? Between August 22 and October 31, 1451 Holy Week and Passover at the same time
  4. 4. Where was he born? Genoa Catalonia? Portugal? Spain? On the high seas?
  5. 5. Italy
  6. 6. What do we know? Father: Domenico Colombo – wool weaver andmerchant Mother: Susanna Fontanarossa Brothers: Bartolomeo, cartographer; GiovanniPellegrino and Giacomo Wife: Filipa Moniz Perestrelo Son: Diego Mistress: Beatriz Enriquez de Arana Son: Fernando
  7. 7. The ‘Old World’
  8. 8. The Times Educated knowledge: Earth is a sphere: Aristotle (984-322 BC)/Ptolemy (85-165 AD)/Saint Bede (673-735 AD) Size of Earth correctly estimated: Erosthenes (c 276-195BC) and Alfraganus (9th C) Vikings, like Leif Ericson had explored these lands (c1000) Marco Polo’s accounts (1298) Motivation to reach China (Cathay), India and Japan(Cipangu) Portugal (Bartolomeu Dias) push to South of Africa Spain: End of the Reconquista: Jan 2, 1492
  9. 9. Background Early sea travels Self-educated Interested in biblical texts Learned Latin, Portuguese and Castilian Read works about astronomy, geography, andhistory Was mistaken about the size of the Earth, the size ofEurasia, and the distance between Japan and China.
  10. 10. Quest for Support 1485 – John II, King of Portugal 1486 – Isabella, Queen of Castile 1488 – John II, King of Portugal Genoa Venice Bartholomew to Henry VII, King of England 1492 – Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella ofCastile
  11. 11. The Explorer The Admiral of the Ocean Sea Viceroy and Governor of the Indies 10% of all acquired treasures
  12. 12. Iberia
  13. 13. The Admiral and his fleet Portrait  La Pinta, La Niña y LaSanta Maria
  14. 14. Canary Islands
  15. 15. Momentous First Voyage Aug 3, 1492 – Port of Palos, Spain to Canary Islands Sept 6 – San Sebastian de la Gomera 5 weeks across the ocean Oct 12, 1492 – San Salvador (Guanahani), TheBahamas Oct 28 – Northeast Cuba Dec 5 – Hispaniola (Haiti) Jan 13, 1493 – Samana Peninsula (Dominican Rep) March 4 – Lisbon, Portugal March 15 – Palos, Spain
  16. 16. First Voyage (Aug 3, 1492-March 15, 1493)
  17. 17. Exploration and Conflict:Second Voyage Sept 24, 1493 - Cadiz Oct 13 – Canary Islands Lesser Antilles, including Virgin Islands Greater Antilles: Puerto Rico (San JuanBautista), Hispaniola, Southeast Cuba, andJamaica August 20, 1494 – Hispaniola and Spain
  18. 18. Second Voyage (Sept 24, 1493– Aug 20, 1994)
  19. 19. Exploration and Exploitation:Fall from Grace – Third Voyage May 30, 1498 – Sanlúcar, Spain to Portugal (PortoSanto and Madeira) to Canary Islands and CapeVerde July 31 – Trinidad Aug 4 to 12 – Gulf of aria, mainland of SouthAmerica including Venezuela, the OrinocoRiver, Margarita Island, Tobago and Granada Aug 19, 1500 – Hispaniola Oct 1, 1500 – Columbus and brothers sent to Spainin chains
  20. 20. Third Voyage (May 30, 1498 –Oct 1500)
  21. 21. Fourth and Last Voyage:Disaster May 11, 1502 – Cadiz to Moroccan coast Martinique island, Santo Domingo, BayIslands, Honduras, Puerto Castilla, Hondurasmainland Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama April 16 left for Hispaniola May 10 – Cayman islands (Las Tortugas) andJamaica February 29, 1504 – Lunar Eclipse Nov 7 – Sanlúcar, Spain
  22. 22. Fourth Voyage (May 11, 1502 –Nov 7, 1504)
  23. 23. Forgotten Returns to Spain in disgrace Fights the courts for reinstatement of his rights‘Pleitos Colonbinos) – continued by his heirs Writes two books: Book of Privileges (1502) andBook of Prophecies (1506) Dies in Valladolid, May 20, 1506 (age 54) a brokenman
  24. 24. New World
  25. 25. Expansion: Why America? Amerigo Vespucci, Americo Vespucio, AmericusVespucius Born in Florence, Italy – March 9, 1954 to February22, 1512 Merchant, Explorer, Cartographer Demonstrated that the New World was not Asia, but apreviously unknown continent Two letters (Mundus Novus and Lettera) demonstratethat these lands were not Asia but a fourth previouslyunknown continent Martin Waldseemüller translated to Latin, and named thecontinent ‘America’ in 1507 on his world map.
  26. 26. Myths and Ironies Popular belief about the earth’ shape and size Queen Isabel selling her jewels CC: first explorer to reach Americas CC calling the inhabitants ‘Indios’ ‘Discovery’ ‘New’ world’ Perception of the term ‘America’ Naming of the continent
  27. 27. Impact What DID he DO? Was he a visionary hero or a despicable villain?
  28. 28. RECOMMENDED READING The Memoirs of Christopher Columbus with StephenMarlowe, 1987
  29. 29. Contact us: Dr. Maria H. Koonce and William J. Koonce billmar@cfl.rr.com

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