The mitre imitates the Old Testament priestly headcovering and is the headdress of bishops, worn at liturgical functions. It is either precious, golden (orphreyed), or simple (simplex). The precious mitre is worn by celebrants, the simple by concelebrants, and the golden by the celebrant at an ordination. All cardinals wear a damasked mitre (simplex) in presence of the Pope. It is very tall and made of layered white damask silk.
b. Kissing and bowing at the altar -sign of devotion and veneration
c. Sign of the cross -act of self blessing before prayer -reminds us of our baptism Reminds us that it is the means of our salvation
At this point in the Mass, the priest invites us to examine our consciences and to express sorrow for our sins. We ask our Lord at this time to pardon us of any sin, we may have unintentionally forgotten to confess, praying that our soul be spotlessly clean as we welcome our Lord in His Eucharist - His Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity to be one with us. d. Penitential Rite
e. Gloria The community praises the Holy trinity.
f. Prayer of theday Recalls the mystery of salvation proper to the day or feast
g. Raised, open arms Human expression of trust and petition Sign of peace; sign of being defenseless.
A.1st reading responsorial psalm II. Liturgy of the word
b. 2 nd readingWith faith and reflection,the community receives God’s word.
c. Gospel The good news is heard (our link to the past) Standing while the Gospel is read- connotes alertness and readiness than just sitting down.
d. homily The proclaimer of the Word relates the Gospel to everyday life. The priest relates the good news to the present. The Homily is the application of the Word of God today
The Creed A Roman Catholic translation of this creed reads: I believe in God, the Father Almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord. He was conceived by the Power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended to the dead. On the third day He rose again. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father .He will come again to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body and the life everlasting. AMEN.
6.Prayers of the faithful/ generalintercession
a. Procession with the gifts A symbol of community’s willingness to give of itself
b. Presentation of the gifts to the altar These gifts are symbol of God’s gift, and are the result of human labor
c. Mixture of water and wine When wine and are mixed the people are united to Christ. Mixing- represents my poor little personality is lost in the sacrifice of Christ.
d. Private prayer of the priest Humility and purity are required for self- giving so that the gifts of washing of hand and wine may become Christ’s body and blood. Washing of hands- it is spiritual cleansing since he is approaching a most important part of the mass.
e. Prayer of the gifts -Asking the spirit to make holy A prayer of petition offered by the priest on behalf of the worshipping community.
Dialogue with preface- praises GOD as the Creator and Lord of history. Holy, holy, holy- divine praises sung or said by the priest and people. Invocation of the Holy Spirit- Acknowledges the power of the Spirit. Account of the Institution- remembers and makes present Christ’s sacrifice of his body and blood. Eucharistic Prayer
1. Praises God as creator and Lord of historyDialogue with Preface
2. Divine praises sung or said by the priest and people.Holy, holy, holy
3. Invocation of the Holy SpiritAcknowledges the power of the Holy Spirit.
4.Account of the Institution Remembers and makes present Christ sacrifice of his body and blood.
5. Remembering andprayer of the offeringChrist takes the church into his once-and-for-all sacrifice.
6. IntercessionThe community prays for the salvation of all both living and the dead.
7. Concluding doxologyConcludes thanksgiving with praise to the Trinity.
Our Father, Who art in heaven, Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy Will be done, on earth as it is in Heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.a. Our father
b. Prayer for peace Desires love and peace of Christ
c. Breaking of Bread Breaks one bread –symbol of unity- so all may share in same body.
Lamb of God A song that accompanies the breaking of the bread. It is a cry for mercy and peace.
Reception or communion Food for salvation We become one in the Lord so that we can be one in loving others.
Concluding PrayerPetitions the Lord that union with Him will bear fruit in daily life.
1. Corporal is a square of fine linen with a small cross worked in the center. The corporal linen is the most important of the Holy cloths. The priest spreads it on the altar and places the chalice and the Host after consecration.
2.Purificator it is used by the priest to wipe the inside of the chalice before putting the wine. It is used by the priest to wipe the inside of the chalice before putting in the wine and after ablution.
3. Pall is a small square piece of linen starched stiff used to cover the chalice.
4.White towel - is used during washing of hands after the preparation of the gifts.
1. Alb is a white linen tunic which envelopes the priest’s whole body (Make me white, O Lord, and cleanse my heart; that being made white in the Blood of the Lamb I may deserve an eternal reward).
2. Cincture or Girdle- is the cord which fastens the alb at the waist. (Gird me, O Lord, with the cincture of purity, and quench in my heart the fire of concupiscence, that the virtue of continence and chastity may abide in me).
Stole is the long silk band that fits around the neck on the breast of the priest. It is a symbol of authority of the church. " (Lord, restore the stole of immortality, which I lost through the collusion of our first parents, and, unworthy as I am to approach Thy sacred mysteries, may I yet gain eternal joy).
Chasuble - is the uppermost vestment worn by the celebrant at Mass (O Lord, who has said, "My yoke is sweet and My burden light," grant that I may so carry it as to merit Thy grace).
Cassock is the principal vestment of the ecclesiastics
7. Cope is a mantle used for benediction, procession and other occasions.
Humeral veil- is the long silk cloth used by the priest when carrying a blessed sacrament and giving benedictions.
Dalmatic- - the special vestment used by the deacon during high mass Lord, endow me with the garment of salvation, the vestment of joy, and with the dalmatic of justice ever encompass me.
Amice is a piece of white linen cloth which covers the priest’s shoulders. (Place upon me, O Lord, the helmet of salvation, that I may overcome the assaults of the devil).
Manipleis a short and narrow strip of cloth which hangs from the left arm. (May I deserve, O Lord, to bear the maniple of weeping and sorrow in order that I may joyfully reap the reward of my labors).
Birettais a tri-cornered or square-shaped hatwith silk trim, tuft (except for the birette of seminariansand cardinals) and three raised wings,called "horns," on top at three corners(the side of the hat without the horn isworn on the left side of the head). It ismade of scarlet silk for cardinals,violet silk for bishops, and blackmerlino for priests, deacons, andseminarians.
The crozier is the shepherds staff used by bishops. The crozier has always been in the Church a symbol of the bishops pastoral role.Crozier
When a Bishop isconsecrated as Bishop, hereceives a ring representinghis office (Cardinals receivetheir own special ring, also).The Popes ring, known asthe "Fishermans Ring,"is the personal and uniqueseal of that reigning Pontiffand is (or at least used to be)destroyed on his death.
he zucchetto is the silkyarmulka-like skullcapworn by bishops. ThePopes zucchetto iswhite; the cardinalszucchetti are scarlet; thebishops zucchetti areviolet. Priests may use ablack cloth zucchettofor everyday wear, butnot during the liturgy.
the zucchetto is the silk yarmulka-like skullcap worn by bishops.The Popes zucchetto is white;the cardinals zucchetti are scarlet;the bishops zucchetti are violet.Priests may use a black cloth zucchettofor everyday wear, but not during theliturgy.
The pallium is worn only by archbishops(in their own dioceses),patriarchs, and the Pope, assymbol of their authority. Itsa band of white wooladorned with 6 small blackcrosses, worn around theneck with extensions frontand back, and pinned to thechasuble in three placesabout the neck.
The non-silk part of thepallium is made of white wool,part of which is supplied bytwo lambs presented annuallyby the Lateran Canons Regularon the feast of St. Agnes (21January). The lambs aresolemnly blessed on the highaltar of that church after thepontifical Mass, and thenoffered to the pope, who sendspalliums made of their wool tothe archbishops.
WHITE vestments are used worn duringChristmas time and Easter time, on the feast of Our Lord and theBlessed Virgin Mary, the angels and confessors, virgins, Holy men and Women. White symbolizes purity and joy.
RED vestments are used at the Pentecost, feast of Apostlesand martyrs, Passion of OurLord, feast of the Holy Cross,
1. ADVENT -signifying the coming o arrival. It begins on the Sunday closest to the Feast of St. Andrew (Nov.30) and therefore falls from November 27 to December 3. The season also reflects the joy of anticipation. - Liturgical color: violet
2. CHRISTMAS- this season starts with Christmas eve and concludes with the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord, usually on the Sunday after Epiphany.Liturgical color: white
3. LENT a Penitential Season starting with everyone receiving the Blessed ashes on Ash Wednesday and continuing until Holy Saturday. It extends a period of 40 days. - this seasons rules 6 weeks, the sixth week of which is Palm Sunday. Liturgical color: violet
this season begins with Easter Sunday which is 4. EASTER celebrated on the Sunday, between March 25 and April 25 and culminates at Pentecost Sunday. The yearly celebration of Resurrection of Christ is the oldest and most solemn Christian feast, considered the center of Liturgical Year. this season runs for 8 weeks, the 8th Sunday of which is the Pentecost Sunday. Liturgical color: White