Millennium Development Goals - Gender Equality In Moldova

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Millennium Development Goals - Gender Equality In Moldova

  1. 1. Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women in Moldova Millennium Development Goals Maria Ciochina
  2. 2. Global Development <ul><li>Global development is a concept that regards the development of livelihoods and greater quality of life for humans and it is generally thought of as a world which affords individuals and groups fair treatment and an impartial share of the benefits of society. </li></ul><ul><li>Development it’s strongly linked with the concept of well-being. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Necessity of Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>The President of the Republic of Moldova together with the heads of states and governments from 147 countries (out of total of 191) signed the “United Nations Millennium Declaration: Human Development – A Goal of Major Importance ” in New York in 2000. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>This document reaffirms the international community’s belief in the fundamental values of humankind: </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom, Equality, Solidarity, Tolerance, Respect for the Environment and Shared Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>and it emphasizes the importance of resolving major issues concerning </li></ul><ul><li>Peace Reinforcement, Protection of Human Rights, Assurance of Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection </li></ul>
  5. 5. Millennium Development Goals video <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReRx12QUv54 </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Millennium Development Goals (MGDs) which briefly define the goals for Moldova to be achieved by 2015 and derive from the Millennium Declaration are: <ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve universal access to secondary school education; </li></ul><ul><li>Promote gender equality and empower women; </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce child mortality; </li></ul><ul><li>Improve maternal health; </li></ul><ul><li>Combat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other diseases; </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure environmental sustainability; </li></ul><ul><li>Create a global partnership for development. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 3 rd Goal Promote gender equality and empower women <ul><li>The principle of gender equality requires protection, promotion and respect of men and women’s human rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore, gender equality implies ensuring and providing equal opportunities for women and men in all areas of activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender equality is expressed through a series of specific actions leading to eliminating genders disparities, stereotypes, sexist attitudes and discrimination. </li></ul>
  8. 8. International targets and indicators   for gender equality and empower women
  9. 9. Targets and indicators for the Republic of Moldova   The Republic of Moldova plans to achieve Target 4 as it follows
  10. 10. Republic of MOLDOVA general information <ul><li>Total Area - 33,843 km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Population - 4,320,748 (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Government - parliamentary democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Sex Ratio (m:1000f) - 910 </li></ul><ul><li>Per Cap. Income $US - 2,500 (2008) </li></ul>Sources: www.cia.gov; Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook
  11. 11. Reality on Gender in Moldova <ul><li>The structure of the population is composed of 52% women and 48% men. Women represent 50.4% of the economically active population. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of unemployed Moldovans - 68 % - are women. </li></ul><ul><li>Women earn 60 to 80 % of a man’s salary. </li></ul><ul><li>Women are 3 times as likely to lose their job as a man. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost half of the unemployment women have high education, special intermediate studies or technical studies and their average age is 30. </li></ul><ul><li>This thing create a situation of inequality and discrimination for the women part. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Representation level of women in certain areas of social life is low, in particular in public administration, economic entities and public institutions, managerial functions in science and education. </li></ul>Source: www.un.md INDICATORS 2005 2006 2007 Parliamentary participation of women(%) 7.9 7.9 13.9 Women leaders and high officials from public administration, economic and social organizations (%) 36.6 33.2 37.5 Women in intellectual and scientific occupations (%) 61.3 63.1 62.4 Ratio of women in total population (%) 52.1 52.1 52.1 Ratio of women in active population (%) 49.3 49.96 50.11 GDP per capita in $US (PPP) 2033 2112 2296 women $US 1646 1734 1895 men $US 2455 2523 2733 Index of women’s participation in social life (1 = max) 0.428 0.414 0.482
  13. 14. The target for the Government for the next 6 years (till 2015 as is stipulated in MGD) should be extension of women’s participation in social life by: <ul><li>eliminating gender stereotypes regarding the role and place of women in society and in family; </li></ul><ul><li>fortifying the mechanisms that ensure gender equality at all decision-making level; </li></ul><ul><li>creating an institutional framework (policy) for preventing and controlling gender-based violence. </li></ul>
  14. 15. This target’s achievement should be structured in time as it follows: <ul><li>increasing the numbers of seats held by women in Parliament; </li></ul><ul><li>increasing the number of female-leaders in top management of public administration, economic or social organizations; </li></ul><ul><li>equality between women and men’s wages. </li></ul>
  15. 16. References : <ul><li>http://www.cia.gov; Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.un.md ; The United Nations in Moldova </li></ul><ul><li>http://maps.grida.no/go/graphic/millennium_development_goals_2005_trends </li></ul><ul><li>http://oambassadors.org/educators/mdg-overview </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReRx12QUv54 </li></ul>
  16. 17. THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION !!! <ul><li>Maria Ciochina </li></ul>

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