Millennium Development Goals - Gender Equality In MoldovaPresentation Transcript
Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women in Moldova Millennium Development Goals Maria Ciochina
Global development is a concept that regards the development of livelihoods and greater quality of life for humans and it is generally thought of as a world which affords individuals and groups fair treatment and an impartial share of the benefits of society.
Development it’s strongly linked with the concept of well-being.
The Necessity of Millennium Development Goals
The President of the Republic of Moldova together with the heads of states and governments from 147 countries (out of total of 191) signed the “United Nations Millennium Declaration: Human Development – A Goal of Major Importance ” in New York in 2000.
This document reaffirms the international community’s belief in the fundamental values of humankind:
Freedom, Equality, Solidarity, Tolerance, Respect for the Environment and Shared Responsibilities
and it emphasizes the importance of resolving major issues concerning
Peace Reinforcement, Protection of Human Rights, Assurance of Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection
Millennium Development Goals video
The Millennium Development Goals (MGDs) which briefly define the goals for Moldova to be achieved by 2015 and derive from the Millennium Declaration are:
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger;
Achieve universal access to secondary school education;
Promote gender equality and empower women;
Reduce child mortality;
Improve maternal health;
Combat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other diseases;
Ensure environmental sustainability;
Create a global partnership for development.
3 rd Goal Promote gender equality and empower women
The principle of gender equality requires protection, promotion and respect of men and women’s human rights.
Furthermore, gender equality implies ensuring and providing equal opportunities for women and men in all areas of activity.
Gender equality is expressed through a series of specific actions leading to eliminating genders disparities, stereotypes, sexist attitudes and discrimination.
International targets and indicators for gender equality and empower women
Targets and indicators for the Republic of Moldova The Republic of Moldova plans to achieve Target 4 as it follows
Republic of MOLDOVA general information
Total Area - 33,843 km 2
Total Population - 4,320,748 (2009)
Type of Government - parliamentary democracy
Sex Ratio (m:1000f) - 910
Per Cap. Income $US - 2,500 (2008)
Sources: www.cia.gov; Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook
Reality on Gender in Moldova
The structure of the population is composed of 52% women and 48% men. Women represent 50.4% of the economically active population.
The majority of unemployed Moldovans - 68 % - are women.
Women earn 60 to 80 % of a man’s salary.
Women are 3 times as likely to lose their job as a man.
Almost half of the unemployment women have high education, special intermediate studies or technical studies and their average age is 30.
This thing create a situation of inequality and discrimination for the women part.
Representation level of women in certain areas of social life is low, in particular in public administration, economic entities and public institutions, managerial functions in science and education.
Source: www.un.md INDICATORS 2005 2006 2007 Parliamentary participation of women(%) 7.9 7.9 13.9 Women leaders and high officials from public administration, economic and social organizations (%) 36.6 33.2 37.5 Women in intellectual and scientific occupations (%) 61.3 63.1 62.4 Ratio of women in total population (%) 52.1 52.1 52.1 Ratio of women in active population (%) 49.3 49.96 50.11 GDP per capita in $US (PPP) 2033 2112 2296 women $US 1646 1734 1895 men $US 2455 2523 2733 Index of women’s participation in social life (1 = max) 0.428 0.414 0.482
The target for the Government for the next 6 years (till 2015 as is stipulated in MGD) should be extension of women’s participation in social life by:
eliminating gender stereotypes regarding the role and place of women in society and in family;
fortifying the mechanisms that ensure gender equality at all decision-making level;
creating an institutional framework (policy) for preventing and controlling gender-based violence.
This target’s achievement should be structured in time as it follows:
increasing the numbers of seats held by women in Parliament;
increasing the number of female-leaders in top management of public administration, economic or social organizations;
equality between women and men’s wages.
http://www.cia.gov; Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook