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Millennium Development Goals - Gender Equality In  Moldova
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Millennium Development Goals - Gender Equality In Moldova






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Millennium Development Goals - Gender Equality In  Moldova Millennium Development Goals - Gender Equality In Moldova Presentation Transcript

  • Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women in Moldova Millennium Development Goals Maria Ciochina
  • Global Development
    • Global development is a concept that regards the development of livelihoods and greater quality of life for humans and it is generally thought of as a world which affords individuals and groups fair treatment and an impartial share of the benefits of society.
    • Development it’s strongly linked with the concept of well-being.
  • The Necessity of Millennium Development Goals
    • The President of the Republic of Moldova together with the heads of states and governments from 147 countries (out of total of 191) signed the “United Nations Millennium Declaration: Human Development – A Goal of Major Importance ” in New York in 2000.
    • This document reaffirms the international community’s belief in the fundamental values of humankind:
    • Freedom, Equality, Solidarity, Tolerance, Respect for the Environment and Shared Responsibilities
    • and it emphasizes the importance of resolving major issues concerning
    • Peace Reinforcement, Protection of Human Rights, Assurance of Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection
  • Millennium Development Goals video
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReRx12QUv54
  • The Millennium Development Goals (MGDs) which briefly define the goals for Moldova to be achieved by 2015 and derive from the Millennium Declaration are:
    • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger;
    • Achieve universal access to secondary school education;
    • Promote gender equality and empower women;
    • Reduce child mortality;
    • Improve maternal health;
    • Combat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other diseases;
    • Ensure environmental sustainability;
    • Create a global partnership for development.
  • 3 rd Goal Promote gender equality and empower women
    • The principle of gender equality requires protection, promotion and respect of men and women’s human rights.
    • Furthermore, gender equality implies ensuring and providing equal opportunities for women and men in all areas of activity.
    • Gender equality is expressed through a series of specific actions leading to eliminating genders disparities, stereotypes, sexist attitudes and discrimination.
  • International targets and indicators   for gender equality and empower women
  • Targets and indicators for the Republic of Moldova   The Republic of Moldova plans to achieve Target 4 as it follows
  • Republic of MOLDOVA general information
    • Total Area - 33,843 km 2
    • Total Population - 4,320,748 (2009)
    • Type of Government - parliamentary democracy
    • Sex Ratio (m:1000f) - 910
    • Per Cap. Income $US - 2,500 (2008)
    Sources: www.cia.gov; Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook
  • Reality on Gender in Moldova
    • The structure of the population is composed of 52% women and 48% men. Women represent 50.4% of the economically active population.
    • The majority of unemployed Moldovans - 68 % - are women.
    • Women earn 60 to 80 % of a man’s salary.
    • Women are 3 times as likely to lose their job as a man.
    • Almost half of the unemployment women have high education, special intermediate studies or technical studies and their average age is 30.
    • This thing create a situation of inequality and discrimination for the women part.
    • Representation level of women in certain areas of social life is low, in particular in public administration, economic entities and public institutions, managerial functions in science and education.
    Source: www.un.md INDICATORS 2005 2006 2007 Parliamentary participation of women(%) 7.9 7.9 13.9 Women leaders and high officials from public administration, economic and social organizations (%) 36.6 33.2 37.5 Women in intellectual and scientific occupations (%) 61.3 63.1 62.4 Ratio of women in total population (%) 52.1 52.1 52.1 Ratio of women in active population (%) 49.3 49.96 50.11 GDP per capita in $US (PPP) 2033 2112 2296 women $US 1646 1734 1895 men $US 2455 2523 2733 Index of women’s participation in social life (1 = max) 0.428 0.414 0.482
  • The target for the Government for the next 6 years (till 2015 as is stipulated in MGD) should be extension of women’s participation in social life by:
    • eliminating gender stereotypes regarding the role and place of women in society and in family;
    • fortifying the mechanisms that ensure gender equality at all decision-making level;
    • creating an institutional framework (policy) for preventing and controlling gender-based violence.
  • This target’s achievement should be structured in time as it follows:
    • increasing the numbers of seats held by women in Parliament;
    • increasing the number of female-leaders in top management of public administration, economic or social organizations;
    • equality between women and men’s wages.
  • References :
    • http://www.cia.gov; Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook
    • http://www.un.md ; The United Nations in Moldova
    • http://maps.grida.no/go/graphic/millennium_development_goals_2005_trends
    • http://oambassadors.org/educators/mdg-overview
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReRx12QUv54
    • Maria Ciochina