Federal Legislative History: Online Resources Maria A. Jankowska UCLA Research Library January 2012
Outline <ul><li>I am just a bill  – YouTube video </li></ul><ul><li>Bill introduced in House/ Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Bil...
School House Rock! -  Just A Bill
Bills, Resolutions, and Amendments <ul><li>Draft legislations introduced in either the House of Representatives (H.R. #) o...
Committee Prints <ul><li>Committee Prints and miscellaneous congressional publications are used by committees during the c...
Hearings and Testimony <ul><li>Congressional hearings are transcripts of testimony before committees and subcommittees in ...
Bill Markup Reports <ul><li>After hearings are completed, the bill is considered in a session that is popularly known as t...
House and Senate Committee Reports <ul><li>Committee  report describes the purpose and scope of the measure and the reason...
Floor Debates <ul><li>Debate time for a measure is normally divided between proponents and opponents. When amendments are ...
Conference Reports  <ul><li>If the two houses disagree on aspects of the bill, they may have a conference to resolve dispu...
Presidential Statements <ul><li>After the bill is passed by Congress, the President must sign the bill into law.  Look for...
Sources for Laws <ul><li>Slip Law </li></ul><ul><li>Statute at Large (at the end of each session) </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. C...
More Resources <ul><li>Voteview.com   Roll Call Data, last 50 Senate votes, and nomination data. </li></ul><ul><li>United ...
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Federal legislative history

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Federal legislative history

  1. 1. Federal Legislative History: Online Resources Maria A. Jankowska UCLA Research Library January 2012
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>I am just a bill – YouTube video </li></ul><ul><li>Bill introduced in House/ Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Bill assigned to Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Committee Prints </li></ul><ul><li>Hearings and Testimony </li></ul><ul><li>Markups and Votes </li></ul><ul><li>Floor Debates (Congressional Record) </li></ul><ul><li>Conference Committee (Reports) </li></ul><ul><li>President Signs or Vetoes </li></ul><ul><li>Public Law (Slip Law or Statutes at Large) </li></ul><ul><li>Law Codified (United States Code) </li></ul><ul><li>New Regulations (Federal Register) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation Codified (Code of Federal Regulations) </li></ul>
  3. 3. School House Rock! - Just A Bill
  4. 4. Bills, Resolutions, and Amendments <ul><li>Draft legislations introduced in either the House of Representatives (H.R. #) or the Senate (S.#) within the United States Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>GPO About Congressional Bills </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Printed Bill: </li></ul><ul><li>107 H.R. 3162, 110 S. 55 </li></ul><ul><li>OpenCongress 109 th Congress (2005/07-present </li></ul><ul><li>FDsys-Browse Bills </li></ul><ul><li>103 rd Congress (1993/95 – present </li></ul><ul><li>ProQuest Congressional </li></ul><ul><li>101 st Congress (1989/91– present </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas </li></ul><ul><li>101 st Congress (1989/91) – present </li></ul><ul><li>Century of Lawmaking </li></ul><ul><li>Bills & Resolutions 1799-1873. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Committee Prints <ul><li>Committee Prints and miscellaneous congressional publications are used by committees during the consideration of a bill.  Often written by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) </li></ul><ul><li>FDsys: Congressional Committee </li></ul><ul><li>ProQuest Congressional From 1930- Search “Congressional Publications” </li></ul><ul><li>Congressional Research Service Reports access via UNT digital collection. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hearings and Testimony <ul><li>Congressional hearings are transcripts of testimony before committees and subcommittees in the United States Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>FDSys 104 th Congress (1995-present </li></ul><ul><li>UCLA library catalog </li></ul><ul><li>use to find print, online, and microfiche holdings </li></ul><ul><li>ProQuest Congressional indexed from 1824 – current, Transcripts from 1988-present </li></ul><ul><li>Congressional Committees </li></ul>
  7. 7. Bill Markup Reports <ul><li>After hearings are completed, the bill is considered in a session that is popularly known as the “mark-up” session. Amendments may be offered to the bill, and the committee members vote to accept or reject these changes. </li></ul><ul><li>National Journal Daily covers recent markup sessions for the House and Senate </li></ul>
  8. 8. House and Senate Committee Reports <ul><li>Committee report describes the purpose and scope of the measure and the reasons for recommended approval. House Report numbers are prefixed with “H.Rpt.” and then a number indicating the Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>American State Papers </li></ul><ul><li>1 st -25 th Congress (1789-1838) </li></ul><ul><li>Archive of Americana ( under U.S. Congressional Serial Set, 1817-1980 15 th -98 th Congress (1817-1985) </li></ul><ul><li>American Memory U.S. Serial Set 23 rd -64 th Congress (1833-1917) </li></ul><ul><li>Proquest Congressional </li></ul><ul><li>101 st Congress (1990- </li></ul><ul><li>FDsys Congressional Reports </li></ul><ul><li>104 congress (1995/97- </li></ul>
  9. 9. Floor Debates <ul><li>Debate time for a measure is normally divided between proponents and opponents. When amendments are offered, these are also debated and voted upon. </li></ul><ul><li>Congressional Record (via Hein) 43 rd -109 th Congress (1873-2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Congressional Record (ProQuest Congressional) 1873-1997 </li></ul><ul><li>FDsys Congresional Record 1994-present </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conference Reports <ul><li>If the two houses disagree on aspects of the bill, they may have a conference to resolve disputes.  They will draft a report showing how they came to their conclusions. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the bill passes both houses, it is called an &quot;enrolled act.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>FDsys Congressional Reports </li></ul><ul><li>104 th Congress (1995-present </li></ul>
  11. 11. Presidential Statements <ul><li>After the bill is passed by Congress, the President must sign the bill into law.  Look for the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents or the Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States . </li></ul><ul><li>FDsys Compilation of Presidential Documents </li></ul><ul><li>1993-present </li></ul><ul><li>FDsys  Public Papers of the President </li></ul><ul><li>(1991-2004) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sources for Laws <ul><li>Slip Law </li></ul><ul><li>Statute at Large (at the end of each session) </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Code (organized by subject) </li></ul><ul><li>FDSys: Public and Private Laws (1995 to date; PDF & text) </li></ul><ul><li>United States Statutes at Large ( 1951-2002 ; 2003 to date ; PDF & text) </li></ul><ul><li>HeinOnline Select U.S. Statutes at Large from the list of collections. </li></ul><ul><li>ProQuest Congressional Select Legislative Histories, Bills and Laws. </li></ul>
  13. 13. More Resources <ul><li>Voteview.com Roll Call Data, last 50 Senate votes, and nomination data. </li></ul><ul><li>United States Senate – Legislation & Records </li></ul><ul><li>United States House of Representatives – The Legislative Process </li></ul><ul><li>FDSys: History of Bills 98th Congress (1983) to date </li></ul><ul><li>OnTheIssues : Every Political Leader on Every Issue </li></ul><ul><li>CQ Electronic Library   Reference resource for research in American government, politics, legislation, history, public policy, and current affairs. </li></ul><ul><li>Think Tanks, Kennedy School Library Harvard's Kennedy School of Government list of links to public policy think tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Rand Corporation Issue Briefs Policy-oriented summaries of published work. Access open to all Internet users. </li></ul><ul><li>PolicyArchive Online archive of public policy research. </li></ul>

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