La sardana : a dance from Catalunya Marina Márquez, Paola Vidovic, Sonia Escobar, Jessica Calvo & Xénia Giménez IES RUBIÓ I ORS L’Hospitalet de Llobregat
SARDANA The sardana is a type of circle dance typical of Catalonia, Spain.There are two main types, the original sardana curta (short sardana) and the more modern sardana llarga (long sardana), which is more popular. The music written for the dance is a sardana , and is usually divided in two sections ( tirades ), called curts and llargs.
The first tirada , the curts ("short steps"), of length between 20 and 50 measures, has a two-measure pattern and is danced with the arms down: (point-step-step-cross) to the right followed by (point-step-step-cross) to the left. The second tirada, the llargs ("long steps"), 50 - 100 measures, has a four-measure pattern and is danced with the arms up to shoulder level. The contrapunt , like the introit , is played by the flabiol (an instrument similar to a flaut), and is a two-measure break before the last repeat of the llargs . The cop final ("final beat") concludes the dance with a unified movement from all the dancers, still holding hands.
This way, the modern sardana dance has the following pattern, which shows all the repeats of the curts and llargs : 1. Introit 2. curts 3. curts 4. llargs 5. llargs 6. curts 7. llargs 8. contrapunt 9. llargs 10. cop final Curts Llargs The hands’ union
SARDANA’S ORIGIN <ul><li>The origin of the sardana is not clear, but many people say that it comes from the Empordà region. It has some similarities with popular genres such as zarzuela and the Italian operas. </li></ul><ul><li>At the Renaixença or newborn Catalan nationalism, the origins of the dance were embellished to symbolize a distinct Catalan culture. </li></ul><ul><li>In the year 2010 the Generalitat de Catalunya (Catalonia government) added the sardana to the Catalonia's Festivities Heritage Catalogue and declared it a festivity of national interest. </li></ul>
L’EMPORDÀ <ul><li>L’Empordà </li></ul><ul><li>is a Catalan area at </li></ul><ul><li>the top of Catalunya where sardanes were probably born. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s also the name of a famous sardana. </li></ul>
L’ EMPORDÀ SONG <ul><li>This is the title of one of he most typical sardanes . </li></ul><ul><li>The song is about the story of a shepherd who lived in the mountains and a mermaid who lived inside the sea. They fell in love and she asked him to move with her, but he didn’t want to go to the sea. On the contrary, the shepherd wanted her to go with him to the mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>One day, they decided to meet half-way, the place where they met was l’Empordà . </li></ul><ul><li>The musician who wrote the melody was Enric Morera i Viura, and the author of the lyrics was Joan Maragall i Gorina. Both were from Catalunya . </li></ul>
TYPICAL CLOTHES <ul><li>If you want to dance sardanas, you have to wear the following: </li></ul><ul><li> WOMEN: </li></ul><ul><li>A red T-shirt. </li></ul><ul><li>A white and long skirt. </li></ul><ul><li>Espardeñas (shoes made of esparto grass). </li></ul><ul><li> MEN: </li></ul><ul><li>A white T-shirt </li></ul><ul><li>Black trousers </li></ul><ul><li>A red belt. </li></ul><ul><li>Espardeñas (shoes made of esparto grass). </li></ul>
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