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Story-Based Approach to Teaching Preschool English

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  • 1. Story-Based Approach to Teaching Preschool English by Margarita Kosior margaritakosior@gmail.com @margaritakosior
  • 2. Before electricity there was storytelling Is it true?
  • 3. What is storytelling?
  • 4. Preschool years (ages up to 5) • Time of personal, social and emotional development • Time of acquiring knowledge and beginning to understand the world • Time when children become keen observers of the world • Time when children learn to understand others and express themselves effectively • Time when children build their vocabulary • Time when their environment becomes larger and richer http://encompassnw.org/DownFiles/DL34/CC4_Ch1_exrpt.pdf
  • 5. Let’s talk about…: •Benefits of storytelling •Stories in the classroom – action plan •Examples
  • 6. Benefits of Storytelling Mental –Storytelling boosts thinking capacity
  • 7. Benefits of Storytelling Mental – cont’d – Stories help children acquire and develop individual reading tastes, skills, and creativity
  • 8. Benefits of Storytelling Mental – cont’d –Stories arouse curiosity and encourage children to ask questions
  • 9. Benefits of Storytelling Social • Increase children’s willingness to communicate thoughts and feelings • Teaching about cultures, ways of solving everyday problems, about social interactions • Teach children about themselves and about others • Can promote a positive attitude to people from different lands, races and religions • Develop empathy
  • 10. Benefits of Storytelling Social • Conveying values (bravery, respect, tolerance, teamwork, patience, generosity, fair play, forgiveness, peace, etc.)
  • 11. Benefits of Storytelling Social – cont’d • The value of hard work – “The Three Little Pigs” – “The Cicada and the Ant"
  • 12. Benefits of Storytelling Social – cont’d • The value of determination, constancy/perseverance and modesty – "The Tortoise and the Hare"
  • 13. Benefits of Storytelling Social – cont’d • The value of inner beauty – "Beauty and the Beast“ – "The Frog Prince"
  • 14. Benefits of Storytelling Social – cont’d • The value of courage – "Jack and the Beanstalk"
  • 15. Benefits of Storytelling Educational • Active learning through stories http://eideneurolearningblog.blogspot.com/2011/01/from-passive- to-active-learners.html
  • 16. Benefits of Storytelling Educational – cont’d • Intrinsic motivation • Active participation in the process of teaching/learning • Effective internalization of language • Support for thematic concepts and vocabulary of each theme • Adds variety to your lesson
  • 17. Stories in the Classroom Action Plan
  • 18. Stories in the Classroom Action Plan: Before Do your homework Test – are you ready for a career in storytelling?
  • 19. Test  • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does a princess spend her formative years locked in a tower growing her hair? • “Rapunzel” • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does a princess prick her finger on a spindle on her 16th birthday and take a very long nap? • “Sleeping Beauty”
  • 20. Test – cont’d • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does a boy steal a giant’s harp and a hen that lays golden eggs? • “Jack and the Beanstalk” • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does a princess accidentally drop her golden ball into a well, and accept the help of an amphibian to retrieve it? • “The Frog Prince”
  • 21. Test – cont’d • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does a Russian witch with iron teeth live in a house on chicken legs? • “Baba Yaga” • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does a boy outsmart a powerful magician pretending to be his uncle, and summon a genie who makes him rich? • “Aladdin and the Magic Lamp”
  • 22. Test – cont’d • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does a miller’s idle boast lead to his daughter being locked in a room at the local castle to spend the night with a spinning wheel? • “Rumpelstiltskin” • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does a girl’s stepmother arrange to have her taken into the forest and killed, just because a talking mirror said the girl was the fairest of them all? • “Snow White”
  • 23. Test – cont’d • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does an enchanted fish give an ungrateful woman a new house, which only makes her want more? • “The Fisherman and His Wife” • IN WHAT FAIRY TALE does a merchant’s youngest daughter agree to move to the palace of a hideous creature who wants her to say she’ll marry him? • “Beauty and the Beast”
  • 24. Stories in the Classroom Action Plan: Before – cont’d
  • 25. Stories in the Classroom Action Plan: Before – cont’d • Also – Select follow-up activities – Decide whether you want to tell the story at once, or break it down to create suspense – Before you begin • Show the cover, present the author and the title • Provide a context for the story • Present the main characters – Present unknown vocabulary using flashcards
  • 26. Stories in the Classroom Action Plan: During • How to become a memorable storyteller – Get the audience involved – Make eye contact with your audience – Know your audience – Don’t be afraid of silence
  • 27. Stories in the Classroom Action Plan: During – cont’d • Use gesture, intonation, facial expressions • Vary volume, pitch and tempo • Use distinct character voices • Follow your words with actions
  • 28. Stories in the Classroom Action Plan: After • Follow-up activities – Song – Actions to go along with the songs – Role-play – Sequencing
  • 29. Stories in the Classroom Action Plan: After – cont’d • Follow-up activities – cont’d – Drawing – Relating stories to personal experiences – Discuss the message / the moral of the story “Storytelling reveals meaning without committing the error of defining it.” Hannah Arendt (political theorist)
  • 30. Examples
  • 31. The Rainbow Fish – message The more you share, the happier you become
  • 32. The Rainbow Fish
  • 33. The Rainbow Fish
  • 34. The Rainbow Fish
  • 35. The Very Hungry Caterpillar - message Time / the story of life itself
  • 36. The Very Hungry Caterpillar • Lifecycle (noodle project, life cycle mobile, movement activity) • Fruit (magic box, fruit salad) • Days of the week • Math / counting • Song
  • 37. The Very Hungry Caterpillar Idea taken from http://0809morningprek.blogspot.com/2009/04/life-cycle-of-
  • 38. The Very Hungry Caterpillar • Magic box
  • 39. The Very Hungry Caterpillar • Days of the week and fruit – spin wheel Idea taken from http://eslprintables.com/printable.asp?
  • 40. The Very Hungry Caterpillar • Domino
  • 41. The Very Hungry Caterpillar Song: The Butterfly Colors Song http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RPAZHVNVJp0
  • 42. Why tell stories? ”Children who are not spoken to by responsive adults will not learn to speak properly. Children who are not answered will stop asking questions. They will become incurious. And children who are not told stories and who are not read to will have few reasons for wanting to learn to read." Gail E. Haley (American Author and Illustrator)
  • 43. Reward?
  • 44. Works Cited Casciani D 2005, Counting on the Caterpillar, BBC news, viewed on 8 March 2012, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/4717503.stm Classic Fairy Tales.com, Viewed on 8 March 2012, http://www.classic- fairytales.com/default.asp Freemand J 2007, “Once Upon a Time: Using Storytelling, Creative Drama, and Reader's Theater with Children in Grades PreK-6”, Libraries Unlimited, Westport, Connecticut How Children Develop and Learn n.d., The Creative Curriculum for Preschool, Encompass: Children, Families, Community, viewed on 8 March 2012, http://encompassnw.org/DownFiles/DL34/CC4_Ch1_exrpt.pdf When Preschoolers Ask Questions, They Want Explanations 2009, Science Daily, viewed 8 March 2012, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091113083254.htm