7.

FACT SHEETS ON TOOLS
AND RESOURCES
7.

TOOLS AND RESOURCES

The next three chapters of the guide present fact sheets in the principle areas of action: coordi...
Shared Responsibilities The governments and international actors have shared roles and responsibilities.
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04 fact sheets on tools and resources

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04 fact sheets on tools and resources

  1. 1. 7. FACT SHEETS ON TOOLS AND RESOURCES
  2. 2. 7. TOOLS AND RESOURCES The next three chapters of the guide present fact sheets in the principle areas of action: coordination (Chapter 7), financial resource mobilization (Chapter 8) technical team mobilization (Chapter 9), and information management (Chapter 10). These tools have been developed by international actors to enable them to meet their support obligations to national authorities and ensure coordinated support in disaster response. Above all, humanitarian assistance focuses on the affected people who are the primary beneficiaries. In the case of disasters, assistance is organized by area, such as water and sanitation, hygiene, food assistance, education, shelter, among others. For every assistance area, there are tools at the disposal of humanitarian workers developed by the international community such as EDAN, CERF, UNDAC, and RNA. The many procedures, protocols, and tools should never obscure the main goal of humanitarian action, which is to assist the affected people Responsibility for the Coordination of International Humanitarian Assistance While governments are responsible for attending to the victims of disasters in their territories, the UN, led by the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) and OCHA are required to support governments to ensure the coordination of international humanitarian assistance as established in Resolution 46/182 of the General Assembly. This assistance from the UN comes into force from the time that a State requests or accepts international assistance based on its evaluation of whether its capabilities have been partially or completed exceeded and whether assistance is needed on a temporary or more permanent basis. Shared Responsibilities The governments and international actors have shared roles and responsibilities. The following table describes some of these responsibilities at a national and international level Responsibility for the Coordination of International Humanitarian Assistance While governments are responsible for attending to the victims of disasters in their territories, the UN, led by the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) and OCHA are required to support governments to ensure the coordination of international humanitarian assistance as established in Resolution 46/182 of the General Assembly. This assistance from the UN comes into force from the time that a State requests or accepts international assistance based on its evaluation of whether its capabilities have been partially or completed exceeded and whether assistance is needed on a temporary or more permanent basis13. 13 The assessment of national capacity for response is a matter of national interpretation, which depends on the level of information available after the emergency, as well as the different realities of national organization that can lead to defining the required assistance level. Currently, there is not a tool that supports the analysis of national post-disaster capacities CHAPTER 7 28
  3. 3. Shared Responsibilities The governments and international actors have shared roles and responsibilities. The following table describes some of these responsibilities at a national and international level. To be revised-> Areas Responsibility National International the government is responsible to attend the affected population UN & OCHA are responsible to assist the government in the coordination of international assistance (UN Res 46/182) Accountability to its people and institutions UN and associates, towards the international community, affected government, donors and affected populations Leadership strategic and operational coordination of international actors: RC/HC Organization sectorial tables clusters Funding state budget national emergency fund bilateral contributions loans contributions from civil society contributions from the private sector national emergency team management emergency funds CERF bilateral donations contributions from the international civil society Flash Appeal international emergency team management Communication news LEMA situation reports SITREPS, OCHA and other partners Responsibility for the response Coordination Financial resource and technical team mobilization Information Management CHAPTER 7 29

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