Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Become an Expert Class One Tea Part One
Famous Tea Quotes <ul><li>“ If you are cold, tea will warm you. If you are heated, it will cool you. If you are depressed,...
Introduction <ul><li>Hello Everyone. My name is  </li></ul><ul><li>Margaret Harris & the title of my course is:   </li></u...
Self Introduction <ul><li>My name is Margaret Harris. I’ve been teaching about tea, coffee & chocolate since 2006.  We hol...
Self Introduction pg2 <ul><li>Tea is one of the main household beverages in Poland, and for that matter in many countries ...
Today’s Agenda <ul><li>What is tea </li></ul><ul><li>Tea growing regions </li></ul><ul><li>History of tea & teapots </li><...
What is tea? <ul><li>All true teas: white, green, black & oolong come from the same plant  Camellia Sinensis. </li></ul><u...
Camellia Sinensis <ul><li>------- </li></ul>
Tea plant & tea picking <ul><li>Most tea leave picking is still done by human hand, as the leaves are very delicate and ma...
Tea Statistics <ul><li>Tea is the second world’s most consumed beverage after water. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s been used as a...
History of Tea  pg 1 <ul><li>2700’s BC   </li></ul><ul><li>According to legend the first person to discover tea was the Ch...
Japanese Tea Ceremony <ul><li>Japanese Tea Ceremony </li></ul>
History of Tea  pg 2 <ul><li>15 th  Century </li></ul><ul><li>First teapots created from a special purple clay in the Yixi...
History Of Tea  pg 3 <ul><li>1904 </li></ul><ul><li>First Iced Tea invented by Englishman Richard Blechynden, a tea trader...
Origins of the word “TEA” <ul><li>1610 Dutch were denied Canton or Macao </li></ul><ul><li>(Portuguese had a sole right ) ...
Where tea likes to grow <ul><li>“ Tea Belt”: geographic belt that runs between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn – from ...
Tea Growing Regions <ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka (Ceylon) </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya  </...
Main Tea Growing Regions  India <ul><li>Assam, Nilgiri, Darjeeling </li></ul>
Tea Growing Regions  China <ul><ul><ul><li>Yangtze Valley </li></ul></ul></ul>
Tea Growing Regions China  pg2 <ul><li>Fujian Province   Zhejiang Province   </li></ul>
Green Tea <ul><li>During processing green tea leaves are subjected to heat: steaming, pan-firing, or roasting </li></ul><u...
Black Tea <ul><li>Black tea leaves are first spread on  trays and withered in the sun for 18-24 hours  </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Oolong Tea  (Chinese word for Black Dragon) <ul><li>Oolong is partially fermented tea. </li></ul><ul><li>The leaves are wi...
White Tea <ul><li>White tea is the least processed tea. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains only new growth buds and young leave...
Non – Tea   <ul><li> These &quot;teas&quot; are made of ingredients other than true tea, Camellia Sinensis. </li></ul><...
Next week’s topics <ul><li>How to make a good cup of tea </li></ul><ul><li>presentation & demo </li></ul><ul><li>Storing T...
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Tea And Coffee And Chocolate Class At Carnegie Mellon By Margarets Fine Imports In Pittsburgh , Tea Part One

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  • In office William Gladstone: Prime Minister of UK 1892 – 1894 George Orwell: Eric Arthur Blair 25 June 1903) Motihari , Bihar , India Died 21 January 1950 (aged 46) London, England
  • First I would like to find out about everybody’s tea preferences.
  • There are two teas in the back of the room, both decaf: Caramel Rooibos (red tea) and Decaf. Earl Grey. Please help yourself to those at any time during the class.
  • Show tea harvest clips from India
  • Yunnan is the homeland of the wild tea plant. Sichuan tea plant first cultivated. Buddhism played similar role in history of tea, as Catholicism in the history of wine in Europe. As Champagne invented by the monk Dom Perignon in France, various types of teas (black, white, green, oolongs) as well as way of tea preparation and tea ceremonies were invented by anonymous Buddhist monks! Buddhists used tea to stay awake and stimulated during the meditations. The ritual of preparing and partaking of the tea eventually became a spiritual practice. Eventually the custom of drinking tea spread from South to North of China and to other countries and regions, such as Korea , Japan, India, Tibet.
  • The teapot is thought to be originally derived from ceramic kettles and bronze wine pots. The oldest known teapot , dated to year 1513 can be found in the Flagstaff House Museum of Tea ware (the oldest colonial-style building remaining in Hong Kong , China ). From the end of 17 th century the teapots along with tea were shipped from China to Europe. Teapots were packed below the deck, as they would withstand sea water without damage), and tea was kept on the top to be dry. China teapots were made either from porcelain or clay. The first clay teapots were made in Yixing province approx. 500 years ago.The Yixing region is famous until today for the beautiful teapots that come in many various colors and shapes. Here is an example of such teapot. It is not only a practical teapot, but at the same time a beautiful art object. Now few words about porcelain teapots. Porcelain is believed to have originated in China as well, during the Tang Dynasty (100-200 CE). (The term Anno Domini is Medieval Latin , translated as In the year of ) (It is also the basis of scholarly dating, though many people adopt the Common Era labels, retaining the same numeric values but using the label &amp;quot;CE&amp;quot; (Common Era) ) Boston Tea Party: In the 18 th century Originally the porcelain was brought to Europe from China, and it held a high value, because of its rarity. Therefore the word ‘ china ’ became a name synonymous with the Franco-Italian term “ porcelain”. Many unsuccessful attempts have been made in Europe to make porcelain. It is not until 1708 that the first porcelain is invented in Dresden/ Germany by by scientist Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus and alchemist Johann Friedrich Bottger, who both worked for August II. “the strong”, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland. It was not until 1765 that William Cook worthy opened first porcelain factory in Plymouth UK. Boston Tea Party took place on December 16, 1773. It was a major catalyst of the American Revolution and remains an iconic event of American history Boston Tea Party: During that time Britain shipped tea to America, where they were selling it for profit, but also gathered taxes for it. Americans then started to buy tea from the black market to avoid paying taxes, as they didn’t want to pay taxes to the parliament in which they had no representation. At this time British East India Company artificially lowered the tea prices, so they fell below black market prices, thinking that this would prompt Americans to buy tea and pay taxes to them again. However the response came on Dec 16, 1773 in Boston port, when 200 men dressed as Mohawks, dumped all tea chests from 3 British ships into the sea. In turn in March 1774 Parliament threatened to close Boston port. This and other actions in the end lead to the American War of Independence!
  • He first decided to send tea samples to prospective clients in small silk pouches. However apparently one of his customers accidentally dropped the bag into a cup of water, and that’s how it all started!
  • Show page with tea in different languages.
  • In tropical regions, such as Sri Lanka teas are picked year round. In higher altitudes, like Darjeeling teas are only picked six months of the year.
  • Assam currently is almost equivalent to the size of Ireland or Austria . India is mostly know for production of black teas
  • Tea And Coffee And Chocolate Class At Carnegie Mellon By Margarets Fine Imports In Pittsburgh , Tea Part One

    1. 1. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Become an Expert Class One Tea Part One
    2. 2. Famous Tea Quotes <ul><li>“ If you are cold, tea will warm you. If you are heated, it will cool you. If you are depressed, it will cheer you. If you are excited, it will calm you.” ~ William Gladstone </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tea is one of the main stays of civilization in this country.” ~ George Orwell </li></ul><ul><li>“ Women are like tea bags, they don’t know how strong they are until they get into hot water.” ~ Eleanor Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>“ To an Englishman, tea is of far greater importance than toilet paper.” – anon. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Hello Everyone. My name is </li></ul><ul><li>Margaret Harris & the title of my course is: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tea, Coffee, Chocolate – </li></ul><ul><li>become an expert”. </li></ul><ul><li>In today’s class and next weeks class we will be talking about TEA. After that, in the 3 rd week about COFFEE, and in the 4 th week about a sweet topic: CHOCOLATE! </li></ul>
    4. 4. Self Introduction <ul><li>My name is Margaret Harris. I’ve been teaching about tea, coffee & chocolate since 2006. We hold Tea Classes in our store Margaret’s Fine Imports on every 1 st Wednesday of each month and I am also available for Tea Classes and Tea Tasting events outside the store, like here. </li></ul><ul><li>I am a member of USA Specialty Tea Institute and also a member of Western Pennsylvania Tea Association. </li></ul><ul><li>My affection for tea started back in my native Poland, when I suspect I had my first “tea” when I was a day old  </li></ul>
    5. 5. Self Introduction pg2 <ul><li>Tea is one of the main household beverages in Poland, and for that matter in many countries of the world like England, France, Russia, China, Japan, India, Sri Lanka and so on… </li></ul><ul><li>I became even more interested in tea since I’ve opened my business 7 years ago. I am a graduate of Warsaw Medical College (1982) and also have an RN Diploma. I have not been practicing either profession for several years now, but my educational background helps me better understand the health issues related to the consumption of tea, coffee & chocolate. </li></ul><ul><li>But enough about me. Let’s now move on to our main character: TEA! </li></ul>
    6. 6. Today’s Agenda <ul><li>What is tea </li></ul><ul><li>Tea growing regions </li></ul><ul><li>History of tea & teapots </li></ul><ul><li>10 Minute Intermission </li></ul><ul><li>Types of tea </li></ul><ul><li>Non-teas: Tisanes, Rooibos, Yerba Mate </li></ul>
    7. 7. What is tea? <ul><li>All true teas: white, green, black & oolong come from the same plant Camellia Sinensis. </li></ul><ul><li>Camellia Sinensis is an evergreen bush that can grow up to about 30 ft high, however it is usually trimmed at waist level for easier leaf picking and to produce more young fresh leaves. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Camellia Sinensis <ul><li>------- </li></ul>
    9. 9. Tea plant & tea picking <ul><li>Most tea leave picking is still done by human hand, as the leaves are very delicate and machinery would damage some of them. </li></ul><ul><li>The actual Tea is the Tea Plant , however we also refer to tea as the beverage obtained by steeping the tea leaves in hot water (usually). </li></ul>
    10. 10. Tea Statistics <ul><li>Tea is the second world’s most consumed beverage after water. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s been used as a beverage for nearly 5000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest producers of tea are China & India with over 800,000 tons of tea manufactured per year (each). </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 80% of tea consumed in the US is in the form of Iced Tea. </li></ul><ul><li>An average cup of tea in the world holds 6-7oz of tea, however an average cup of tea in the US holds 12-14oz of tea! </li></ul>
    11. 11. History of Tea pg 1 <ul><li>2700’s BC </li></ul><ul><li>According to legend the first person to discover tea was the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung , who one day found a leaf from a nearby tree in the cup of hot water next to him, and decided to try this new concoction. He enjoyed it very much and sent servants for more leaves. And so tea was born. However, for many years tea in China was used mostly as medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>805 </li></ul><ul><li>Tea brought to Japan by Japanese monks </li></ul><ul><li>1400 – late 1500’s </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the Japanese Tea Ceremony: Zen priests Murata Shuko </li></ul><ul><li>and Sen-no Rikyu </li></ul><ul><li>1557 </li></ul><ul><li>First tea trading from China to the West by Portuguese merchants, who received </li></ul><ul><li>the exclusive right to trade in Macao. Then from Lisbon tea would be distributed to other European ports mostly by the Dutch. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Japanese Tea Ceremony <ul><li>Japanese Tea Ceremony </li></ul>
    13. 13. History of Tea pg 2 <ul><li>15 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>First teapots created from a special purple clay in the Yixing region of China. </li></ul><ul><li>1602 </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch East India Company establishes bases in Indonesia and Japan to trade directly with the Orient. </li></ul><ul><li>17 th -18 th Centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Tea drinking becomes more and more popular in many European countries. (Queen Anne in England chooses tea over beer(!) as her usual breakfast drink…). </li></ul><ul><li>Invention of Samovar (self-heater) in Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>1650 </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of tea in the US (New Amsterdam, later New York) by Dutch Director General, Peter Stuyvesant. </li></ul><ul><li>1773 </li></ul><ul><li>The Boston Tea Party. </li></ul><ul><li>1830 </li></ul><ul><li>First tea plants planted by British in India. </li></ul>
    14. 14. History Of Tea pg 3 <ul><li>1904 </li></ul><ul><li>First Iced Tea invented by Englishman Richard Blechynden, a tea trader at the St. Louis World Fair. (it was very hot..) </li></ul><ul><li>1908 </li></ul><ul><li>First teabag invented by importer Thomas Sullivan in New York. Eventually design was improved by Thomas J. Lipton in England and tea bags were mass produced in the US buy the 1920s. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Origins of the word “TEA” <ul><li>1610 Dutch were denied Canton or Macao </li></ul><ul><li>(Portuguese had a sole right ) and they started buying tea in a Java port, now Indonesia. </li></ul><ul><li>Their suppliers were from the Chinese provinces of Fujian and Hokien, which were close to the border with Taiwan. </li></ul><ul><li>The Fujian & Hokien word for tea is t’e, instead of ch’a or cha , and is pronounced “tay”. </li></ul><ul><li>And since all other European countries, except Portugal, bought their first teas from the Dutch, they call it in a similar way. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Where tea likes to grow <ul><li>“ Tea Belt”: geographic belt that runs between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn – from the equator to 23 ° 26′ 22″ north and south </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: tropical & subtropical, warm temperatures, and substantial rainfall – 80 to 100 inches a year </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation 3,000 to 6,000 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Higher elevations produce thinner tea leaves with more concentrated flavor! (better) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Tea Growing Regions <ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka (Ceylon) </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>Malawi </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Zimbabwe </li></ul>
    18. 18. Main Tea Growing Regions India <ul><li>Assam, Nilgiri, Darjeeling </li></ul>
    19. 19. Tea Growing Regions China <ul><ul><ul><li>Yangtze Valley </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Tea Growing Regions China pg2 <ul><li>Fujian Province Zhejiang Province </li></ul>
    21. 21. Green Tea <ul><li>During processing green tea leaves are subjected to heat: steaming, pan-firing, or roasting </li></ul><ul><li>The heat stops enzymatic changes and prevents oxidation </li></ul><ul><li>Then leaves are then rolled, twisted, and dried. </li></ul><ul><li>Green tea has 8-10 times more antioxidants than any other plant </li></ul><ul><li>The color of green tea remains green or grayish green </li></ul>
    22. 22. Black Tea <ul><li>Black tea leaves are first spread on trays and withered in the sun for 18-24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>After drying the leaves are rolled and twisted in order to break down their cell walls and accelerate the oxidation process. This causes the leaves to ferment and to release components responsible for their characteristic color, aroma and taste. </li></ul><ul><li>The last stage is firing in order to stop fermentation and dry the leaves completely. </li></ul><ul><li>Color of the leaves: dark brown or black </li></ul>
    23. 23. Oolong Tea (Chinese word for Black Dragon) <ul><li>Oolong is partially fermented tea. </li></ul><ul><li>The leaves are withered in the sun, but for a shorter period of time than black tea, only about 4-5 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>When the leaves are only partially fermented (different degrees), they are fired to stop the fermentation (oxidation) process. </li></ul><ul><li>Oolong tea leaves are reddish – brown. </li></ul>
    24. 24. White Tea <ul><li>White tea is the least processed tea. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains only new growth buds and young leaves (the 2 top leaves). </li></ul><ul><li>Steamed or gently dried on bamboo racks indoors. </li></ul><ul><li>The little buds are covered with white-silvery hairs which give this tea a whitish appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>High antioxidant level! </li></ul><ul><li>White tea is very light in color and flavor. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Non – Tea <ul><li> These &quot;teas&quot; are made of ingredients other than true tea, Camellia Sinensis. </li></ul><ul><li>      Roots, Flowers, Leaves, Seeds, Fruits, etc </li></ul><ul><li>      Tisanes or Herbal Teas are caffeine free, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>examples: Chamomile, Peppermint, Hibiscus, Chrysanthemum, Lemon Verbena </li></ul></ul><ul><li>   Rooibos: Asphalatus Linearis, grows in South Africa (no caffeine, high antioxidants </li></ul><ul><li>      Some non-teas may contain caffeine, such as Yerba Mate: Ilex paraguariensis. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grows in Argentina, Brazil, Chile & Uruguay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different type of caffeine than in coffee: no side effects, high antioxidants </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Next week’s topics <ul><li>How to make a good cup of tea </li></ul><ul><li>presentation & demo </li></ul><ul><li>Storing Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Health Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Tea & Dieting </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz </li></ul>
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