Tea And Coffee And Chocolate Class At Carnegie Mellon By Margarets Fine Imports In Pittsburgh , Tea Part One

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Tea And Coffee And Chocolate Class At Carnegie Mellon By Margarets Fine Imports In Pittsburgh , Tea Part One

Tea And Coffee And Chocolate Class At Carnegie Mellon By Margarets Fine Imports In Pittsburgh , Tea Part One

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  • In office William Gladstone: Prime Minister of UK 1892 – 1894 George Orwell: Eric Arthur Blair 25 June 1903) Motihari , Bihar , India Died 21 January 1950 (aged 46) London, England

Transcript

  • 1. Famous Tea Quotes
    • “ If you are cold, tea will warm you. If you are heated, it will cool you. If you are depressed, it will cheer you. If you are excited, it will calm you.” ~ William Gladstone
    • “ Tea is one of the main stays of civilization in this country.” ~ George Orwell
    • “ Women are like tea bags, they don’t know how strong they are until they get into hot water.” ~ Eleanor Roosevelt
    • “ To an Englishman, tea is of far greater importance than toilet paper.” – anon.
  • 2. Introduction
    • Hello Everyone. My name is Margaret Harris & the title of my course is: “Tea, Coffee, Chocolate – become an expert”.
    • In today’s class and the next week class we will be talking about TEA. After that, in the 3 rd week about COFFEE, and in the 4 th week about sweet topic: CHOCOLATE!
  • 3. Self Introduction
    • My name is Margaret Harris.I’ve been teaching about tea, coffee & chocolate since 2006. We hold Tea Classes in our store Margaret’s Fine Imports on every 1 st Wednesday of each month and I am also available for Tea Classes and Tea Tasting events outside the store, like here.
    • I am a member of USA Specialty Tea Institute and also a member of Western Pennsylvania Tea Association.
    • My affection for tea started back in my native Poland, when I suspect I had my first “tea” when I was a day old 
  • 4. Self Introduction pg2
    • Tea is one of the main household beverages in Poland, and for that matter in many countries of the world like England, France, Russia, China, Japan, India, Sri Lanka and so on…
    • I became even more interested in tea since I’ve opened my business 7 years ago. I am a graduate of Warsaw Medical College (1982) and also have an RN Diploma. I have not been practicing either profession for several years now, but my educational background still comes very helpful in better understanding of the health issues related to the consumption of tea, coffee & chocolate.
    • But enough about me. Let’s now move on to our main character: TEA!
  • 5. Today’s Agenda
    • What is tea
    • Tea growing regions
    • History of tea & teapots
    • 10 min Intermission
    • Types of tea
    • Non-teas: Tisanes, Rooibos, Yerba Mate
  • 6. What is tea?
    • All true teas: white, green, black & oolong come from the same plant Camellia Sinensis.
    • Camellia Sinensis is an evergreen bush that can grow up to about 30 ft high, however is trimmed usually at the waist level for easier leaf picking and to produce more young fresh leaves.
  • 7. Camellia Sinensis
    • -------
  • 8. Tea plant & tea picking
    • Most of the tea leaves picking is still done by human hand, as the leaves are very delicate and machinery would damage some of them.
    • The actual Tea is the Tea Plant , however we also refer to tea as to the beverage obtained steeping the tea leaves in hot water (usually).
  • 9. Tea Statistics
    • Tea is the second world’s most consumed beverage after water.
    • It’s been used as beverage for nearly 5000 years.
    • The largest producers of tea are China & India with over 800,000 tons of tea manufactured per year (each).
    • Approx. 80% of tea consumed in USA is in a form of Iced Tea.
    • Average cup of tea in the world holds 6-7oz of tea, however average cup of tea in USA holds 12-14oz of tea!
  • 10. History of Tea pg 1
    • 2700’s BC
    • According to the legend the first person to discover tea was the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung , who one day found a leaf from the nearby tree in the cup of hot water next to him, and decided to try this new concoction. He enjoyed it very much and sent servants for more leaves. And so the tea was born. However for many years tea in China was used mostly as medicine.
    • 805
    • Tea brought to Japan by Japanese monks
    • 1400 – late 1500’s
    • Development of the Japanese Tea Ceremony: Zen priests Murata Shuko
    • and Sen-no Rikyu
    • 1557
    • First tea trading from China to the West by Portuguese merchants, who received
    • the exclusive right to trade in Macao. Then from Lisbon tea would be distributed to other European ports mostly by Dutch.
  • 11. Japanese Tea Ceremony
    • Japanese Tea Ceremony
  • 12. History of Tea pg 2
    • 15 th Century
    • First teapots created from special purple clay in Yixing region in China.
    • 1602
    • Dutch East India Company establishes bases in Indonesia and Japan trading directly with Orient.
    • 17 th -18 th Centuries
    • Tea drinking becomes more and more popular in many European countries. (Queen Anne in England chooses tea over beer(!) as her usual breakfast drink…).
    • Invention of Samovar (self-heater) in Russia.
    • 1650
    • Introduction of tea in the USA (New Amsterdam, later New York) by Dutch Director General, Peter Stuyvesant.
    • 1773
    • The Boston Tea Party.
    • 1830
    • First tea plants planted by British in India
  • 13. History Of Tea pg 3
    • 1904
    • First Iced Tea invented by Englishman Richard Blechynden, a tea trader at St. Louis World Fair. (it was very hot..)
    • 1908
    • First teabag invented by importer Thomas Sullivan in New York. Eventually design was improved by Thomas J. Lipton in England and tea bags mass produced in USA buy the 1920s.
  • 14. Origins of the word “TEA”
    • 1610 Dutch were denied Canton or Macao
    • (Portuguese had a sole right ) and they started buying tea in Java port, now Indonesia.
    • Their suppliers were from Chinese provinces: Fujian and Hokien, which were close to the border with Taiwan.
    • The Fujian & Hokien word for tea is t’e
    • Instead of ch’a or cha , and is pronounced “tay”.
    • And since all other European countries, except & Portugal, bought their first teas from Dutch, they call it in the similar way.
  • 15. Where tea likes to grow
    • “Tea Belt”: geographic belt that runs between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn – from the equator to 42 ° north
    • Climate: tropical & subtropical, warm temperatures, and substantial rainfall – 80 to 100 in a year
    • Elevation 3,000 to 6,000 feet
    • The higher, the thinner tea leaves, but more concentrated flavor! (better)
  • 16. Tea Growing Regions
    • India
    • China
    • Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
    • Kenya
    • Turkey
    • Indonesia
    • Japan
    • Vietnam
    • Argentina
    • Malawi
    • Tanzania
    • Taiwan
    • Zimbabwe
  • 17. Main Tea Growing Regions India
    • Assam, Nilgiri, Darjeeling
  • 18. Tea Growing Regions China
        • Yangtze Valley
  • 19. Tea Growing Regions China pg2
    • Fujian Province Zhejiang Province
  • 20. Green Tea
    • In processing of the green tea leaves are subjected to heat: steaming, pan-firing, or roasting
    • The heat stops enzymatic changes and prevent oxidation
    • Then leaves are rolled, twisted, and dried.
    • The color of green tea remains green or grayish green
    • Green tea has 8-10 time the antioxidants than any other plant
  • 21. Black Tea
    • Black tea leaves are first spread on trays and withered in the sun for 18-24 hours
    • After drying leaves are rolled, twisted in order to break down the cell walls and accelerate oxidation process.
    • This causes leaves to ferment and to release components responsible for characteristic color, aroma and taste.
    • The last stage is firing in order to stop fermentation and dry them completely.
    • Color of the leaves: dark brown or black
  • 22. Oolong Tea (Chinese word for Black Dragon)
    • Oolong is partially fermented tea.
    • The leaves are withered in sun, but for a shorter period of time than black tea, only about 4-5 hours.
    • When the leaves are only partially fermented (different degrees), they are fired to stop the fermentation (oxidation) process.
    • Oolong tea leaves are reddish – brown.
  • 23. White Tea
    • White tea is the least processed tea.
    • It contains only new growth buds and young leaves (2 top).
    • Steamed or gently dried on bamboo racks indoors.
    • The little buds are covered with white-silvery hairs which give this tea whitish appearance.
    • White tea is very light in color and flavor.
    • High antioxidant level!
  • 24. Non – Tea
    •  These "teas" are made of ingredients other than true tea, Camellia Sinensis.
    •        Roots, Flowers, Leaves, Seeds, Fruits etc
    •        Tisanes or Herbal Teas are caffeine free,
    • examples: Chamomile, Peppermint, Hibiscus, Chrysanthemum, Lemon Verbena
      • Rooibos: Asphalatus Linearis, grows in South Africa (no caffeine, high antioxidants)
    •        Some non-teas may contain caffeine, such as Yerba Mate: Ilex paraguariensis.
    • Grows in Argentina, Brazil, Chile & Uruguay
    • Different type of caffeine than in coffee: no side effects, high antioxidants
  • 25. Next week’s topics
    • How to make good cup of tea
    • presentation & demo
    • Storing Tea
    • Health Benefits
    • Tea & Dieting
    • Cultural Tea
    • Quiz