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Conditionals  3_types_4th_eso
 

Conditionals 3_types_4th_eso

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    Conditionals  3_types_4th_eso Conditionals 3_types_4th_eso Presentation Transcript

    • CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
    • TYPE ZERO / UNIVERSAL FORM IF + Present, Present / Imperative USE  True / scientific facts  Instructions
    •  EXAMPLES  If you put paper on a fire, it burns  If the phone rings, answer it
    • FIRST CONDITIONAL (TYPE 1)  FORM IF + Present, WILL (Must / can / may)  USE  Likely / probable results  Promises, warnings, threats
    •  EXAMPLES  If we don’t leave now, we’ll miss the train  If you pass your exam, I’ll give you a job
    • SECOND CONDITIONAL (TYPE 2)  FORM IF + Past simple, WOULD (Could / Might)  USE  Unreal/Improbable situations (Conditions won’t be met)  Advice / suppositions contrary to known facts
    •  EXAMPLES  If you did more exercise, you’d feel better  If I were you, I wouldn’t drive so fast NOTES  If I were you (Written / formal language)  If I were / was you (spoken language)  If he / she / it were (more usual)  If he / she / it was (more colloquial)
    • THIRD CONDITIONAL (TYPE 3)  FORM IF + Past perfect (HAD + Past Participle), WOULD HAVE + Past Participle (Could / Might)  USE  Impossible results, we are talking about something from the past that can’t be changed.
    •  EXAMPLES  If you had phoned me, I would have told you about the party.  Hecould have helped me if I had spoken to him about my problems.
    •  GENERAL FACTS We can exchange the order of the clauses  If you go, I’ll go  I’ll go if you go Connectors  UNLESS = IF NOT ‘You won’t pass if you don’t study’ ‘You won’t pass unless you study’
    • THEEND