CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
TYPE ZERO / UNIVERSAL   FORM      IF + Present,           Present / Imperative   USE          True / scientific facts  ...
   EXAMPLES       If you put paper on a fire, it burns       If the phone rings, answer it
FIRST CONDITIONAL (TYPE 1)    FORM       IF + Present,           WILL       (Must / can / may)    USE           Likely ...
   EXAMPLES       If we don’t leave now, we’ll miss the train       If you pass your exam, I’ll give you a job
SECOND CONDITIONAL (TYPE 2)     FORM        IF + Past simple,                 WOULD             (Could / Might)     USE ...
         EXAMPLES            If you did more exercise, you’d feel better            If I were you, I wouldn’t drive so ...
THIRD CONDITIONAL (TYPE 3)     FORM        IF + Past perfect            (HAD + Past Participle),                 WOULD HA...
      EXAMPLES     If       you had phoned me, I would have     told you about the party.     Hecould have helped me if...
      GENERAL FACTS   We can exchange the order of the clauses         If  you go, I’ll go         I’ll go if you go ...
THEEND
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Conditionals 3_types_4th_eso

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Conditionals 3_types_4th_eso

  1. 1. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
  2. 2. TYPE ZERO / UNIVERSAL FORM IF + Present, Present / Imperative USE  True / scientific facts  Instructions
  3. 3.  EXAMPLES  If you put paper on a fire, it burns  If the phone rings, answer it
  4. 4. FIRST CONDITIONAL (TYPE 1)  FORM IF + Present, WILL (Must / can / may)  USE  Likely / probable results  Promises, warnings, threats
  5. 5.  EXAMPLES  If we don’t leave now, we’ll miss the train  If you pass your exam, I’ll give you a job
  6. 6. SECOND CONDITIONAL (TYPE 2)  FORM IF + Past simple, WOULD (Could / Might)  USE  Unreal/Improbable situations (Conditions won’t be met)  Advice / suppositions contrary to known facts
  7. 7.  EXAMPLES  If you did more exercise, you’d feel better  If I were you, I wouldn’t drive so fast NOTES  If I were you (Written / formal language)  If I were / was you (spoken language)  If he / she / it were (more usual)  If he / she / it was (more colloquial)
  8. 8. THIRD CONDITIONAL (TYPE 3)  FORM IF + Past perfect (HAD + Past Participle), WOULD HAVE + Past Participle (Could / Might)  USE  Impossible results, we are talking about something from the past that can’t be changed.
  9. 9.  EXAMPLES  If you had phoned me, I would have told you about the party.  Hecould have helped me if I had spoken to him about my problems.
  10. 10.  GENERAL FACTS We can exchange the order of the clauses  If you go, I’ll go  I’ll go if you go Connectors  UNLESS = IF NOT ‘You won’t pass if you don’t study’ ‘You won’t pass unless you study’
  11. 11. THEEND
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