Conditional sentences

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Conditional sentences

  1. 1. First typeIf I pass my exams, I will go to London in summer.If I pass my exams, I might go to London.If he comes, call me.If you heat ice, it turns to water. IES Avelina Cerra- ©Elena C.
  2. 2. Second typeConditional clause (if) Main clausePast simple would/ might / could If I won the lottery, I would travel round the world. If I knew his number, I could ring him up. If you tried again, you might succeed. When to be is used in the conditional clause, we use were for the 1st When to be is used in the conditional clause, we use were for the 1st and third persons. However in spoken English, was is often used. and third persons. However in spoken English, was is often used. If II were you, II wouldn’t wear that dress. If were you, wouldn’t wear that dress. IES Avelina Cerra- ©Elena C.
  3. 3. Third typeConditional clause (If) Main clausePast perfect would have/ might have/ could have If you had studied more, you would have passed your exams. If we had found him earlier, we might have saved him. (possibility) If you had read the questions carefully, you could have been able to answer them. (ability) IES Avelina Cerra- ©Elena C.
  4. 4. Mixed conditionalsTo talk about past events or actions that have a result in the present, we canmix the second and the third conditional: If I had passed all my exams, I would be on the beach now. IES Avelina Cerra- ©Elena C.
  5. 5. Alternatives to if As long as (but only if) You can use my car as long as you drive carefully. Provided (that) (but only if) Travelling by car is convenient provided (that) you have somewhere to park. Providing (that) (but only if) Providing she studies hard she should pass the exam. Unless (if … not) You won’t go on holiday this year unless you save some money. Even if She wouldn’t have won the race even if she had trained harder. IES Avelina Cerra- ©Elena C.
  6. 6. Choose the correct word:• I’m playing tennis tomorrow unless/ providing it’s raining.• We are going to start painting the house tomorrow unless/ provided it is not raining.• You can smoke in here unless/ as long as you leave a window open to let the smoke out.• The children can stay here unless/ providing they don’t make too much noise.• I’m going now unless/ provided you want me to stay.• I can’t understand why he is late unless/ as long as he didn’t get our message. IES Avelina Cerra- ©Elena C.
  7. 7. I wish/ if only I wish/ if only + subject +• Past simple/ continuous To talk about desires in the present situation that we would like to be different. I wish I won the lottery.• Past perfect To express regret about past situations that we would like to have been different. I wish I had visited the Eiffel Tower when I was in Paris.• Would To criticize or complain about something in the present or to talk about someone’s behauviour that we would like to be different. I wish he wouldn’t be so nervous. IES Avelina Cerra- ©Elena C.
  8. 8. Think of a wish for each situation• You have just painted the door red. Now you don’t like it very much.• I live in London and I don’t like big cities.• I don’t know anything about cars and my car has just broken down.• I have just come back from my holiday. Everything was fine except for the hotel which wasn’t very good.• Your exams are tomorrow and you don’t have time to study.• You never have any money as you don’t have a part time job. IES Avelina Cerra- ©Elena C.
  9. 9. Think of a wish for each situation• You have just painted the door red. Now you don’t like it very much.• I live in London and I don’t like big cities.• I don’t know anything about cars and my car has just broken down.• I have just come back from my holiday. Everything was fine except for the hotel which wasn’t very good.• Your exams are tomorrow and you don’t have time to study.• You never have any money as you don’t have a part time job. IES Avelina Cerra- ©Elena C.

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