Reported speech        / Indirect speech
Direct speech       Indirect speech                   Contamos lo queContamos lo que    alguien ha dichoalguien ha dicho  ...
Direct speech            Indirect speech   El reporting verb       El tiempo verbal    está en                 no cambia...
Direct speech       Indirect speechGeorge says: “I   George says that want to eat.”     he wants to eat.
Direct speech     Indirect speech“I hate horor   Sergio says that films.” says    he hates horror Sergio.         films.
Direct speech      Indirect speech              StatementsSubject + reporting verb + (that) + subject + verb…
Direct speech           Indirect speech                      Detrás delContamos lo que        “sujeto + said”alguien ha d...
Direct speech           Indirect speech                      Detrás del                       “sujeto + tell +Contamos lo...
Direct speech           Indirect speech                      Los pronombresContamos lo que        personales cambian.algu...
Direct speech           Indirect speech                      Los demostrativosContamos lo que        cambian.alguien ha d...
Direct speech                 Indirect speech                             Past simple.   Present simple.   Present cont...
Direct speech                  Indirect speech   Past simple.              Past perfect simple.   Present perfect      ...
Direct speech           Indirect speech     Now.           Then.     Today.         That day.     Tomorrow.      The...
Direct speech                         Indirect speech    Yesterday.                     The day before.    The day befo...
Direct speech       Indirect speech                  George said thatGeorge said: “I                   he wanted to want t...
Direct speech     Indirect speech“I want to be                 Alex said that famous,” said                 she wanted to ...
Direct speech    Indirect speech“I want to be    Alex told her famous,” said   friends that she Alex to her     wanted to ...
Direct speech      Indirect speech “I enjoy the     Jenny said that  beach,” Jenny   she enjoyed the  said.           beach.
Direct speech      Indirect speech  “Brad is         Brad’s mum said   studying,”his   that he was   mum said.       study...
Direct speech       Indirect speech                    The tour guide“You can see Big                    said that I Ben i...
Direct speech      Indirect speech“You must be 18   The police said to drive,” the   that I had to police said.     be 18 ...
Direct speech        Indirect speech“I will bring you   Jane said that my CD              she would bring tomorrow,” Jane ...
Direct speech    Indirect speech“We have been    He said that here before,”   they had been he said.        there before.
Direct speech      Indirect speech                   The reporter“There was an                   said that there earthquak...
Direct speech     Indirect speech“I hate reality   Jenny said that  TV,” said       she hated  Jenny.          reality TV.
Direct speech      Indirect speech“I was really      Clare said that proud of my       she had been brother when he   real...
Direct speech       Indirect speech                    The MP stated“These people                    that those deserve be...
Direct speech       Indirect speech                    Paul said that“This café is                    that café was awful;...
Direct speech      Indirect speech                   Scarlett said “I moved to                   that she had  Oxford six ...
Direct speech       Indirect speech                    Jamie said that“I buy the paper                    he bought the ev...
Direct speech       Indirect speech “They are          Kate told me  studying,” Kate   that they were  told me.          s...
Direct speech       Indirect speech                    Mary said that“Daniel called me                    Daniel had on Sa...
Direct speech     Indirect speech “I’ve seen all   Helen announced  Almodóvar’s     that she had  films,”         seen all...
Direct speech      Indirect speech“I’ll help you     Ana said that with your         she would help homework,” said   me w...
Direct speech    Indirect speech “I can speak    Richard  Portuguese,”   declared that  declared       he could speak  Ric...
Direct speech      Indirect speech “It may snow      The weatherman  today,” warned   warned that it  the              mig...
Direct speech       Indirect speech“I must go,” said   Betty said that Betty.             she had to go.
Questions in reported       speech
Direct speech          Indirect speech                    Questions                             Subject + reporting   Wh...
Direct speech      Indirect speech                    Questions Contamos lo que    La interrogativa alguien ha          de...
Direct speech      Indirect speech                    Questions Contamos lo que     El resto de alguien ha          cambio...
Direct speech        Indirect speech                Questions Las Yes / No            Al pasarlas a questions son las    ...
Direct speech                 Indirect speech                               Questions Las Wh-questions no se pueden       ...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                 Questions                       I asked if they“Are they eating    ...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                 Questions“Is this our new       Rachel asked if car?” asked        ...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                 Questions“What is the                       She asked what name of ...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                Questions“Where does            Carol asked Ryan live?”           wh...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                 Questions“Can we meet           Don asked if we now?” Don          ...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                 Questions“How often do                       Tim wanted to you list...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                 Questions“How is English        She asked how changing?” she       ...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                 Questions“Why do girls          The journalist want to look like   ...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                 Questions“Have you seen         Jude asked me if the news?”        ...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                Questions“How many                      The organizers people will b...
Direct speech          Indirect speech                 Questions“Are we                The magazine obsessed with         ...
Orders, requests and    suggestions in  reported speech
Direct speech        Indirect speech    Affirmative orders and requestsSubject + reporting verb + indirect object + to + i...
Direct speech       Indirect speech  Affirmative orders and requests“Can you buy       Susan asked me some chocolate    to...
Direct speech       Indirect speech  Affirmative orders and requests“Read the text,”    The teacher told said the teacher ...
Direct speech       Indirect speech   Negative orders and requestsSubject + reporting verb + indirect object + not + to + ...
Direct speech        Indirect speech    Negative orders and requests“Don’t move!” the                    The policeman pol...
Direct speech        Indirect speech                Suggestions•   Subject + suggest + (not) + verb +    -ing…•   Subject ...
Direct speech       Indirect speech            Suggestions“Let’s not go to    Jack suggested France this        not going ...
Direct speech       Indirect speech            Suggestions “How about                   Chloe suggested  having sushi     ...
Direct speech       Indirect speech            Suggestions“Why don’t we      Liam suggested recycle more?”     that we sho...
Reporting verbs and    structures
Direct speech         Indirect speech              Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + (not) + to + infinitive…agree...
Indirect speech          Reporting verbsHe refused to leave the house.
Direct speech         Indirect speech            Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb +indirect object + (not) + to + i...
Indirect speech         Reporting verbsThe weatherman warned us to expect a storm that night.
Direct speech         Indirect speech              Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + (not) + verb + -ing…apologize...
Indirect speech         Reporting verbsThe paparazzi apologized for harassing the actress.
Direct speech         Indirect speech             Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + (that) + subject + verb… add /...
Indirect speech         Reporting verbsThe man admitted that he had stolen the money.
Direct speech         Indirect speech           Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + indirect object + (that) + subje...
Indirect speech         Reporting verbsMax reminded me that he was going out that night.
Direct speech         Indirect speech             Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + if / whether / wh-word + subje...
Indirect speech          Reporting verbsThe actor wondered whether he would win a prize at the awards ceremony that night.
Marga Renedo Gómez
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Indirect speech

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Indirect speech

  1. 1. Reported speech / Indirect speech
  2. 2. Direct speech Indirect speech Contamos lo queContamos lo que alguien ha dichoalguien ha dicho pero no repetimossin hacer ningún exactamente suscambio en sus palabras.palabras. Las comillas desaparecen.
  3. 3. Direct speech Indirect speech El reporting verb  El tiempo verbal está en no cambia. presente. El reporting verb  El tiempo verbal está en pasado. da un salto al pasado.
  4. 4. Direct speech Indirect speechGeorge says: “I George says that want to eat.” he wants to eat.
  5. 5. Direct speech Indirect speech“I hate horor Sergio says that films.” says he hates horror Sergio. films.
  6. 6. Direct speech Indirect speech StatementsSubject + reporting verb + (that) + subject + verb…
  7. 7. Direct speech Indirect speech  Detrás delContamos lo que “sujeto + said”alguien ha dicho ponemos lasin hacer ningún conjunción that.cambio en sus  El verbo da unpalabras. salto atrás hacia el pasado.
  8. 8. Direct speech Indirect speech  Detrás del “sujeto + tell +Contamos lo que C. directo”alguien ha dicho ponemos lasin hacer ningún conjunción that.cambio en suspalabras.  El verbo da un salto atrás hacia el pasado.
  9. 9. Direct speech Indirect speech  Los pronombresContamos lo que personales cambian.alguien ha dicho  Los adjetivossin hacer ningún posesivos cambian.cambio en suspalabras.  Los pronombres posesivos cambian.
  10. 10. Direct speech Indirect speech  Los demostrativosContamos lo que cambian.alguien ha dicho  Las expresiones desin hacer ningún tiempo cambian.cambio en sus  Las expresiones depalabras. lugar cambian.
  11. 11. Direct speech Indirect speech  Past simple. Present simple. Present continuous.  Past continuous. Have.  Had. Will.  Would. Can.  Could. Must.  Had to. May.  Might.
  12. 12. Direct speech Indirect speech Past simple.  Past perfect simple. Present perfect  Past perfect simple. simple. Past perfect simple.  Past perfect simple. Past perfect  Past perfect continuous. continuous.
  13. 13. Direct speech Indirect speech  Now.  Then.  Today.  That day.  Tomorrow.  The next / following day.  This.  That.  These.  Those.  Here.  There.  I.  He / She.  My.  His / Her.
  14. 14. Direct speech Indirect speech  Yesterday.  The day before.  The day before yesterday.  Two days before. The day after tomorrow. Two days later.    Next week.  The following week / the week after.  Last month.  The previous month / the month before.  Ten years ago.  Ten years before.
  15. 15. Direct speech Indirect speech George said thatGeorge said: “I he wanted to want to eat.” eat.
  16. 16. Direct speech Indirect speech“I want to be Alex said that famous,” said she wanted to Alex to her be famous. friends.
  17. 17. Direct speech Indirect speech“I want to be Alex told her famous,” said friends that she Alex to her wanted to be friends. famous.
  18. 18. Direct speech Indirect speech “I enjoy the Jenny said that beach,” Jenny she enjoyed the said. beach.
  19. 19. Direct speech Indirect speech “Brad is Brad’s mum said studying,”his that he was mum said. studying.
  20. 20. Direct speech Indirect speech The tour guide“You can see Big said that I Ben if you go to could see Big London,” the Ben if I went to tour guide said. London.
  21. 21. Direct speech Indirect speech“You must be 18 The police said to drive,” the that I had to police said. be 18 to drive.
  22. 22. Direct speech Indirect speech“I will bring you Jane said that my CD she would bring tomorrow,” Jane me her CD the said. next day.
  23. 23. Direct speech Indirect speech“We have been He said that here before,” they had been he said. there before.
  24. 24. Direct speech Indirect speech The reporter“There was an said that there earthquake last had been an night,” the earthquake the reporter said. night before.
  25. 25. Direct speech Indirect speech“I hate reality Jenny said that TV,” said she hated Jenny. reality TV.
  26. 26. Direct speech Indirect speech“I was really Clare said that proud of my she had been brother when he really proud of won a quiz her brother show,” said when he had Clare. won a quiz show.
  27. 27. Direct speech Indirect speech The MP stated“These people that those deserve better,” people deserved stated the MP. better.
  28. 28. Direct speech Indirect speech Paul said that“This café is that café was awful;” we can’t awful and they eat here!” said couldn’t eat Paul. there.
  29. 29. Direct speech Indirect speech Scarlett said “I moved to that she had Oxford six moved to months ago, “ Oxford six said Scarlett. months before.
  30. 30. Direct speech Indirect speech Jamie said that“I buy the paper he bought the every day,” said paper every Jamie. day.
  31. 31. Direct speech Indirect speech “They are Kate told me studying,” Kate that they were told me. studying.
  32. 32. Direct speech Indirect speech Mary said that“Daniel called me Daniel had on Saturday,” called her on said Mary. Saturday.
  33. 33. Direct speech Indirect speech “I’ve seen all Helen announced Almodóvar’s that she had films,” seen all announced Almodóvar’s Helen. films.
  34. 34. Direct speech Indirect speech“I’ll help you Ana said that with your she would help homework,” said me with my Ana. homework.
  35. 35. Direct speech Indirect speech “I can speak Richard Portuguese,” declared that declared he could speak Richard. Portuguese.
  36. 36. Direct speech Indirect speech “It may snow The weatherman today,” warned warned that it the might snow that weatherman. day.
  37. 37. Direct speech Indirect speech“I must go,” said Betty said that Betty. she had to go.
  38. 38. Questions in reported speech
  39. 39. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions  Subject + reporting Wh-questions. verb + wh-word + subject + verb… Yes / No questions.  Subject + reporting verb + whether / if + subject + verb…
  40. 40. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions Contamos lo que La interrogativa alguien ha deja de serlo y preguntado sin se convierte en hacer ningún una oración cambio en sus enunciativa (sin inversión sujeto palabras. verbo, sin auxiliar, sin signo de interrogación).
  41. 41. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions Contamos lo que El resto de alguien ha cambios que preguntado sin vimos al hacer ningún principio se cambio en sus mantienen (verbos, palabras. pronombres, adjetivos, expresiones de tiempo, expresiones de lugar).
  42. 42. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions Las Yes / No  Al pasarlas a questions son las estilo indirecto que se contestan empleamos el con un sí o un verbo ask + if… no.
  43. 43. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions Las Wh-questions no se pueden  Al pasarlas a contestar con un sí estilo indirecto o un no porque empleamos el empiezan con una verbo ask + partícula interrogativa (What, Wh-word… who, where, when, why,how, …) .
  44. 44. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions I asked if they“Are they eating were eating now?” I asked. then.
  45. 45. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“Is this our new Rachel asked if car?” asked that was their Rachel. new car.
  46. 46. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“What is the She asked what name of the new the name of the film?” she new film was. asked.
  47. 47. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“Where does Carol asked Ryan live?” where Ryan Carol asked. lived.
  48. 48. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“Can we meet Don asked if we now?” Don could meet asked. then.
  49. 49. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“How often do Tim wanted to you listen to the know how often Spanish radio?” we listened to Tim wanted to the radio. know.
  50. 50. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“How is English She asked how changing?” she English was asked. changing.
  51. 51. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“Why do girls The journalist want to look like asked why girls size zero wanted to look models?” asked like size zero the journalist. models.
  52. 52. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“Have you seen Jude asked me if the news?” I had seen the asked Jude. news.
  53. 53. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“How many The organizers people will be asked how many attending the people would be conference?” attending the asked the conference. organizers.
  54. 54. Direct speech Indirect speech Questions“Are we The magazine obsessed with editor wondered celebrities?” whether we wondered the were obsessed magazine editor. with celebrities.
  55. 55. Orders, requests and suggestions in reported speech
  56. 56. Direct speech Indirect speech Affirmative orders and requestsSubject + reporting verb + indirect object + to + infinitive…
  57. 57. Direct speech Indirect speech Affirmative orders and requests“Can you buy Susan asked me some chocolate to buy some when you go to chocolate when the shop?” I went to the asked Susan. shop.
  58. 58. Direct speech Indirect speech Affirmative orders and requests“Read the text,” The teacher told said the teacher the students to to the students. read the text.
  59. 59. Direct speech Indirect speech Negative orders and requestsSubject + reporting verb + indirect object + not + to + infinitive…
  60. 60. Direct speech Indirect speech Negative orders and requests“Don’t move!” the The policeman policeman ordered the ordered the criminal not to criminal not to move. move.
  61. 61. Direct speech Indirect speech Suggestions• Subject + suggest + (not) + verb + -ing…• Subject + suggest + (that) + subject + infinitive without to…• Subject + suggest + (that) + should + infinitive without to…
  62. 62. Direct speech Indirect speech Suggestions“Let’s not go to Jack suggested France this not going to year,” suggested France that Jack. year.
  63. 63. Direct speech Indirect speech Suggestions “How about Chloe suggested having sushi that we have tonight?” said sushi that night. Chloe.
  64. 64. Direct speech Indirect speech Suggestions“Why don’t we Liam suggested recycle more?” that we should said Liam. recycle more.
  65. 65. Reporting verbs and structures
  66. 66. Direct speech Indirect speech Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + (not) + to + infinitive…agree / offer / promise / refuse / threaten
  67. 67. Indirect speech Reporting verbsHe refused to leave the house.
  68. 68. Direct speech Indirect speech Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb +indirect object + (not) + to + infinitive… advise / ask / encourage / invite / order/ persuade / recommend / remind / tell / warn
  69. 69. Indirect speech Reporting verbsThe weatherman warned us to expect a storm that night.
  70. 70. Direct speech Indirect speech Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + (not) + verb + -ing…apologize for / deny / recommend / suggest
  71. 71. Indirect speech Reporting verbsThe paparazzi apologized for harassing the actress.
  72. 72. Direct speech Indirect speech Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + (that) + subject + verb… add / admit / agree / announce / claim / complain / declare / deny / explain / insist / mention / predict / promise / reply / reveal / say / state / suggest
  73. 73. Indirect speech Reporting verbsThe man admitted that he had stolen the money.
  74. 74. Direct speech Indirect speech Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + indirect object + (that) + subject + verb…persuade / remind / tell / warn
  75. 75. Indirect speech Reporting verbsMax reminded me that he was going out that night.
  76. 76. Direct speech Indirect speech Reporting verbsSubject + reporting verb + if / whether / wh-word + subject + verb… ask / enquire / question / wonder / want to know
  77. 77. Indirect speech Reporting verbsThe actor wondered whether he would win a prize at the awards ceremony that night.
  78. 78. Marga Renedo Gómez

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