The Honeybee

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A brief presentation on the three honeybee castes.

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The Honeybee

  1. 1. Honeybee Castes<br />by Mary McIvor<br />
  2. 2. The Queen Bee<br />Only one per hive.<br />Sole purpose is reproductive. No other member of the hive is fertile.<br />Mother of all the bees in the hive.<br />Mates with drones.<br />Lays both unfertilized (drone) and fertilized (worker and queen) eggs.<br />
  3. 3. The Queen Bee<br />Genetic traits that can be passed on to offspring:<br />Color<br />Swarming tendency<br />Nectar-carrying capacity<br />Disease resistance<br />Temperament<br />Cleanliness<br />Handling ease<br />Whiteness of wax<br />
  4. 4. Drones<br />Sole purpose is to mate with a queen, a sometimes fatal act.<br />Up to 20% of bees in spring/summer.<br />Do not contribute to the activities of the hive.<br />No stinger.<br />Evicted in the fall when breeding ceases.<br />
  5. 5. Worker Bees<br />These bees do all the activities of the hive:<br />Building comb.<br />Raising brood (eggs and larvae).<br />Foraging for nectar, pollen, and propolis.<br />Hive defense and maintenance.<br />Feeding and groomingthe queen.<br />
  6. 6. Development of a Honeybee <br />
  7. 7. She is What She Eats<br />Diet determines development into a queen or a worker bee.<br />After hatching from the egg, all larvae are fed royal jelly (high protein diet) for 3 days.<br />On the fourth day, larvae destined to be workers are switched to worker jelly (more carbs than royal jelly).<br />A queen larva is fed exclusively royal jelly so she develops ovaries (needed to lay eggs).<br />
  8. 8. Baby Worker Bees<br />
  9. 9. I bees<br />

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