Global Digital Library


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Global Digital Library

  1. 1. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 1Global digital libraryMetaphor or reality?dr Marek Nahotko,Jagiellonian University, Cracow
  2. 2. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 2What is a library? Library participates in public communication,which is institutionally organized transmission ofcontent; The participation means access organization,and mediation in communicates circulation andretransmission; Based on the assertions, we can say, that publiccommunication means transmission of humanthought output to the society.Wojciechowski J.: Biblioteka w komunikacji publicznej. Warszawa 2010
  3. 3. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 3Scientific communication on Internet:Global Digital Library (GDL) Internet has some features of organized structure, socan be treated as specific „institution”; Internet is „institution” summing efforts of all unitsoperating in a scope of (scientific) public (and not only)communication; These units (institutions, persons), acting in theInternet I name GDL systems; Internet is for access organization, mediation incirculation and retransmission of messages betweenGDL systems and message recipients.
  4. 4. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 4GDL systems (Scientific) public communication in theInternet means transmission of humanthought output:from creators,through GDL systems,to… creators. In science there is no writing withoutreading and reading is for writing.
  5. 5. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 5GDL systems „Place” in the Internet, where resources ofdigital objects are created and archivedand/or communication functions (services)of GDL are executed (access organization,mediation of communicates circulation andretransmission).
  6. 6. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 6GDL systems and services Services are any functions, which can beexecuted on one or more digital objects situatedin GDL system; Execution of service in GDL system usuallycreates added value to digital object; GDL systems take over many functions (so alsoservices) from traditional libraries, museums,archives and publishers, often connectingfunctions of several traditional institutions in onesystem.
  7. 7. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 7New organization of science Cyberinfrastructure, e-Science Infrastructure of distributed computer, information andcommunication technology; Integration of computer tools in the Internet, such ascomputing equipment (for data processing andnetworked), digital sensors, observatories,experiment’s equipment and other researchinstruments and software services and tools. Science 2.0 Bottom-up organized discussion on research results.
  8. 8. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 8GDL in Cyberinfrastructure GDL can be identified with the whole scientificcommunication system, formal and informal; GDL as networked systems infrastructure,abstract structure, created by a sume ofspecialized systems; GDL in cyberinfrastructure is used for circulationof scientific information.
  9. 9. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 9GDL features Global/local services; Hybrid; Self-organized; Boundary object.
  10. 10. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 10Global and local services Objects in GDL are created and managedlocally; They are circulated globally; Global and local contents don’t need to be inconflict, as they may be assimilated together; It is named glocalization (global+local), orfragtegration (fragmentation+integration).
  11. 11. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 11Hybrid GDL Naturally in GBC there are only digital objects; There is also digital information on physical objects, likeprinted books, museum artefacts, persons, institutions,research instruments; Thanks to that it is possible to use GBC for identificationof physical objects, preserved in libraries, archives,museums, governmental and other organizations, andevery places where resources important for science arepreserved.
  12. 12. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 12Self-organization of GDL GDL like a global market is not an institution; It is self-organized techno-personal network, what is notpossible to control completely; It is controlled rather by processes typical for chaoticsystems: complexity is made by simplicity and order ismade by chaos; In that sense GDL is similar to complex social networks,without designed architecture but self-organized on thebasis of local interactions of great amount of membersand their groups.
  13. 13. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 13GDL as boundary object Instead of strengthen differences between social groupsand communities (eg groups of scientists) it allows foragreements of the groups over the boundaries anddifferences; GBC content can be utilized by many communities. Dataacquired in one system for to fulfill needs of one group ofscientists can be used by other groups, which membersmake research in some other discipline. Each of thegroup interpret the data in a specific way in spite of theytake it from common resource.
  14. 14. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 14What about librarians? Important role of librarians in GDLsystems; Library work is distributed, moved closer tocreators and (simultaneously) users ofinformation; Librarian is embedded in a virtual team ofresearchers (collaboratory).
  15. 15. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 15Metaphor or reality? Metaphor – intuitive representation of somenew phenomena; Internet is not a library in literal sense; Internet fundamentally changed scientificpublic communication, forced changes ofnotion on library, librarians and the user.
  16. 16. Katowice 15-16.12.2010 16Thank you for your